National policy on feeding and nutrition (Cameroon)


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National policy on feeding and nutrition (Cameroon)

  2. 2. OUTLINE • • • • • • • • Introduction Careers in the field of Human nutrition Nutrition training programmes Justification for inclusion of training/recruitment of health professionals in the National Nutrition policy Aims Objectives Strategies Conclusion
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION • The problem of malnutrition especially in developing countries constitutes a major preoccupation for world leaders. This has led to the creation of several world bodies such as the FAO to combat hunger. In Cameroon, the political will to fight against this problem has been manifested in many ways, one of which is the elaboration of the National Policy on nutrition which has as one of its main components, the training/recruitment of nutrition professionals.
  4. 4. CAREERS IN HUMAN NUTRITION/DIETETICS 1. Nutritionist Vs Dietician: In general, a ’nutritionist’ is a person who advises people on matters of nutrition. In the UK and most US states the term "nutritionist" is not legally protected.Therefore people who refer to themselves as "nutritionists" may have no officially recognized credentials. Dietitians on the other hand, have legal protections and have professional requirements. • Different organizations use their own criteria to define a nutritionist. According to one of these, the Nutrition Society of the UK , the function of a nutritionist is to elicit, integrate, disseminate and apply scientific knowledge drawn from the relevant sciences, to promote an understanding of the effects of nutrition, and to enhance the impact of food on health and wellbeing of animals and/or people.
  5. 5. 1) Nutritionist Vs Dietician: (con’t) • In the USA, A registered dietitian is a food and nutrition expert who has met the minimum academic and professional requirements to qualify for the credential “RD.” 2. CLINICAL DIETETICS PRACTICE : would most likely be employed by a hospital, nursing home, physician or physicians' group, or out patient health clinic. Responsibilities would include conducting medical nutrition therapy for the treatment and control of a disease or condition.
  6. 6. 3. COMMUNITY/PUBLIC HEALTH • person in a community-based position who could be a registered dietitian, public health nutritionist or nutrition educator and might be working in a health maintenance organization, health or athletic club, wellness center, or for a public health-related government agency or advocacy group at the local, or national level. • Responsibilities would vary from developing and providing nutrition education and chronic disease prevention programs to overseeing food or nutrition assistance programs
  7. 7. 4. FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT: • coordinates the selection, purchasing, preparation, and serving of food in hospitals, cafeterias, restaurants, nursing homes, correctional facilities, schools, or hotels 5. CONSULTING/PRIVATE PRACTICE • Registered dietitians, with or without postgraduate degrees, can provide outpatient nutrition counseling, often via referrals from physicians. • may specialize in one area, such as weight loss or maintenance, or offer a broader range of services that could include the management of diabetes or hypertension, or work with athletes or sports teams.
  8. 8. 6. RESEARCH/TEACHING/EXTENSION • Individuals with a master's or doctoral degree in nutrition can find research positions in association with government agencies, and at medical centers or universities. • Opportunities also exist in the food industry where research is necessary for the development of new products 8. OTHER TYPES OF POSITIONS Food and nutrition industry, business, journalism, sports nutrition, corporate wellness programs and other nontraditional work settings .
  9. 9. Nutrition training programmes • In the USA, The RD certification is administered through a 3-step process: Completion of a minimum of a bachelor's degree at a US accredited university or college, a post baccalaureate degree internship accredited by The Commission on Accreditation for Dietetics Education (CADE), and Pass the Commission on Dietetics Registration (CDR)’s registration examination for dietitians. • In france, institutions such as the Universities of Paris Sud, Nancy 1, Clermont-Ferrand 1, Angers… offer DEAs in fields such as Sciences et technologies de la biologie; la nutrition et l’alimentation humaine; Aliments, santé, sécurité;Nutrition – Aspects moléculaires et cellulaires, Nutrition et sciences des aliments …
  10. 10. Nutrition training in Cameroon • At least a course in Nutrition is a normal component of the training programs of most, if not all health professionals including medical doctors, nurses, Laboratory staff, etc. • The Universities of Dschang, Ngaoundere, and Buea are three main higher learning institutions offering programs directly linked to nutrition.
  11. 11. Example: The University of Buea • BSc. In Food Science and Nutrition: aims at training students in the fundamentals of nutrition practice that are based on concepts and principles, and who are capable of communicating, collaborating and negotiating advocacy for nutrition improvements for health maintenance. • Graduates are expected to contribute in the continuing research to establish a data base for Cameroonian foods. In this way it is expected that the graduate in the programme will make a significant contribution in consumer education and reduction in the incidence and prevalence of the current upsurge in nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases.
  12. 12. Example: The University of Buea EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES UPON GRADUATION • In clinics and hospital services for the practice of clinical nutrition and dietetics. • local and international NGOs that have nutrition advocacy as project component (e.g. public health or community nutrition, World Food Programme, Plan International… • Research assistants in research institutes and in National Nutrition Programmes , • Sports institutions and programmes where there is at present the emerging discipline of Sports & Nutrition Exercise. • Teaching of Food Science and Nutrition in the recently approved Advanced Level Syllabus for Food Science and Nutrition at the high school. • -self-employment in the food transformation and catering industries
  13. 13. Training/recruitment of professionals) JUSTIFICATION • Treatment of diseases in Cameroon is inadequate given that their nutritional aspects, despite their great importance, are not often taken into consideration, owing to the shortage of professionals in this domain. • quality control of food items and drinks greatly lacks qualified professionals. • It is therefore necessary to train different categories of professionals so as to improve upon the management of nutrition-related problems in Cameroon. AIM • To improve upon the techniques of prevention and treatment of nutrition-related problems in Cameroon.
  14. 14. OBJECTIVES • Provide all Health districts with nutrition professionals. • Make operational, dietetics departments in hospitals at every level. STRATEGIES • Advocacy for the training/recruitment of nutrition professionals. • Development of dietetics departments in all hospitals.
  15. 15. CONCLUSION • Cameroon is still far from reaching set objectives as far as solving nutritionrelated problems is concerned, but it must be acknowledged that much has been done this far, especially with the creation of more training schools and the regular organisation of Nutrition workshops and conferences, to build the capacity of nutrition professionals. The contributions of several organizations such as UNICEF, WHO, Hellen Keller International, PLAN, and many others must also be mentioned.
  16. 16. REFERENCES • ritionist-vs-dietitian.html. Nutritionist vs Dietitian.21/04/2010 • • B.Sc in Food Science and Nutrition. 21/042010 • rs62.doc. Les formations en Nutrition. 20/04/2010