National policy on feeding and nutrition (Cameroon)
NATIONAL POLICY ON
TRAINING/ RECRUITMENT OF
Saji Jude N.
BNS, MPH1/FMBS/UNIYAO 1
Careers in the field of Human nutrition
Nutrition training programmes
Justification for inclusion of training/recruitment
of health professionals in the National Nutrition
• The problem of malnutrition
especially in developing countries
constitutes a major preoccupation
for world leaders. This has led to
the creation of several world
bodies such as the FAO to combat
hunger. In Cameroon, the political
will to fight against this problem
has been manifested in many
ways, one of which is the
elaboration of the National Policy
on nutrition which has as one of its
main components, the
training/recruitment of nutrition
CAREERS IN HUMAN
Nutritionist Vs Dietician: In general, a ’nutritionist’ is
a person who advises people on matters of nutrition. In
the UK and most US states the term "nutritionist" is not
legally protected.Therefore people who refer to
themselves as "nutritionists" may have no officially
recognized credentials. Dietitians on the other hand,
have legal protections and have professional
Different organizations use their own criteria to define
a nutritionist. According to one of these, the Nutrition
Society of the UK , the function of a nutritionist is to
elicit, integrate, disseminate and apply scientific
knowledge drawn from the relevant sciences, to
promote an understanding of the effects of nutrition,
and to enhance the impact of food on health and wellbeing of animals and/or people.
1) Nutritionist Vs Dietician: (con’t)
In the USA, A registered dietitian is a food and
nutrition expert who has met the minimum
academic and professional requirements to qualify
for the credential “RD.”
2. CLINICAL DIETETICS PRACTICE :
would most likely be employed by a hospital,
nursing home, physician or physicians' group, or
out patient health clinic. Responsibilities would
include conducting medical nutrition therapy for the
treatment and control of a disease or condition.
3. COMMUNITY/PUBLIC HEALTH
• person in a community-based position who could be a
registered dietitian, public health nutritionist or nutrition
educator and might be working in a health maintenance
organization, health or athletic club, wellness center, or
for a public health-related government agency or
advocacy group at the local, or national level.
• Responsibilities would vary from developing and
providing nutrition education and chronic disease
prevention programs to overseeing food or nutrition
4. FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT:
• coordinates the selection, purchasing, preparation, and
serving of food in hospitals, cafeterias, restaurants,
nursing homes, correctional facilities, schools, or hotels
5. CONSULTING/PRIVATE PRACTICE
• Registered dietitians, with or without postgraduate
degrees, can provide outpatient nutrition counseling,
often via referrals from physicians.
• may specialize in one area, such as weight loss or
maintenance, or offer a broader range of services that
could include the management of diabetes or
hypertension, or work with athletes or sports teams.
• Individuals with a master's or doctoral degree in nutrition
can find research positions in association with
government agencies, and at medical centers or
• Opportunities also exist in the food industry where
research is necessary for the development of new
8. OTHER TYPES OF POSITIONS
Food and nutrition industry, business, journalism, sports
nutrition, corporate wellness programs and other nontraditional work settings .
Nutrition training programmes
In the USA, The RD certification is administered through a
3-step process: Completion of a minimum of a bachelor's
degree at a US accredited university or college, a post
baccalaureate degree internship accredited by The
Commission on Accreditation for Dietetics Education
(CADE), and Pass the Commission on Dietetics
Registration (CDR)’s registration examination for
In france, institutions such as the Universities of Paris
Sud, Nancy 1, Clermont-Ferrand 1, Angers… offer DEAs
in fields such as Sciences et technologies de la biologie;
la nutrition et l’alimentation humaine; Aliments, santé,
sécurité;Nutrition – Aspects moléculaires et cellulaires,
Nutrition et sciences des aliments …
Nutrition training in Cameroon
• At least a course in Nutrition is a normal component of
the training programs of most, if not all health
professionals including medical doctors, nurses,
Laboratory staff, etc.
• The Universities of Dschang, Ngaoundere, and Buea are
three main higher learning institutions offering programs
directly linked to nutrition.
Example: The University of Buea
• BSc. In Food Science and Nutrition: aims at training
students in the fundamentals of nutrition practice that are
based on concepts and principles, and who are capable of
communicating, collaborating and negotiating advocacy for
nutrition improvements for health maintenance.
Graduates are expected to contribute in the
continuing research to establish a data base for
Cameroonian foods. In this way it is expected that
the graduate in the programme will make a
significant contribution in consumer education and
reduction in the incidence and prevalence of the
current upsurge in nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases.
Example: The University of Buea
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES UPON GRADUATION
• In clinics and hospital services for the practice of clinical
nutrition and dietetics.
• local and international NGOs that have nutrition advocacy as
project component (e.g. public health or community nutrition,
World Food Programme, Plan International…
• Research assistants in research institutes and in National
Nutrition Programmes ,
• Sports institutions and programmes where there is at present
the emerging discipline of Sports & Nutrition Exercise.
• Teaching of Food Science and Nutrition in the recently
approved Advanced Level Syllabus for Food Science and
Nutrition at the high school.
• -self-employment in the food transformation and catering
Training/recruitment of professionals)
• Treatment of diseases in Cameroon is inadequate given that
their nutritional aspects, despite their great importance, are
not often taken into consideration, owing to the shortage of
professionals in this domain.
• quality control of food items and drinks greatly lacks qualified
• It is therefore necessary to train different categories of
professionals so as to improve upon the management of
nutrition-related problems in Cameroon.
To improve upon the techniques of prevention
and treatment of nutrition-related problems in
• Provide all Health districts with nutrition professionals.
• Make operational, dietetics departments in hospitals at
• Advocacy for the training/recruitment of nutrition
• Development of dietetics departments in all hospitals.
• Cameroon is still far from reaching set
objectives as far as solving nutritionrelated problems is concerned, but it must
be acknowledged that much has been
done this far, especially with the creation
of more training schools and the regular
organisation of Nutrition workshops and
conferences, to build the capacity of
nutrition professionals. The contributions
of several organizations such as UNICEF,
WHO, Hellen Keller International, PLAN,
and many others must also be mentioned.
ritionist-vs-dietitian.html. Nutritionist vs
• www.ubuea.net. B.Sc in Food Science and Nutrition.
rs62.doc. Les formations en Nutrition. 20/04/2010