Computational Thinking
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Computational Thinking






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Computational Thinking Computational Thinking Presentation Transcript

  • Computational Thinking Jon Udell UCEA April 2009
  • What is computational thinking? A set of principles, practices, and patterns that govern the structure, flow, and processing of information in networks.
  • Who learns these principles today? Mathematicians computer scientists geeks Who should learn them? Everybody WHY?
  • Our fate as a society depends on our collective ability to create, organize, navigate, search, interconnect, and reason in (and about) networks of people and information
  • What are some principles of computational thinking? Indirection Abstraction Namespace management Publish/subscribe syndication Query Composition/decomposition Generalization/specialization Structured data Automation
  • How would Piaget explain this?
  • And how would Piaget explain this? The structured Information must be here, right? Actually, no, it isn’t anywhere.
  • Andy Baio’s analysis of Feed the Animals
  • Track data on Wikipedia
  • Amazon Mechanical Turk bulk requester
  • What principles did Andy apply? Structured data Decomposition Composition Automation Generalization
  • search: before
  • search: after
  • What principle did Allen Noren apply? Namespace management Every book has a unique keyword, or tag Mine was pracintgr for Practical Internet Groupware The tag is used consistently in URLs for: Tables of contents Cover images Summaries Indexes Author bios
  • What principles did I apply on Allen’s behalf? Abstraction Structured data Automation
  • Transparency Camp 2009
  • Principles in use at Transparency Camp Publish/subscribe syndication Namespace management Indirection Query
  • Public events: the conventional way
  • Public events: the computational way
  • Principle: structured data How we describe calendar events: quot;Communications Committee, Tuesday at 5:30, Cheshire Career Center Conference Room, KHSquot; How computers understand calendar events: DTSTART:20080617T173000 SUMMARY:Communications Committee LOCATION:KHS , Cheshire Career Center Conference Room
  • Anti-principle: Artificial intelligence We infer context easily. Software tries hard, often fails.
  • Principles: indirection, pub/sub Keene Sentinel: Monday night chess club, 6:30 PM, Best Western Hotel (wrong) Monday night chess club, 6:30 PM, E.F. Lane Hotel (right) When we are authoritative producers of feeds, and when the newspaper consumes them, the Information we provide will be timely and correct.
  • “We posted weekly.pdf to the website. Isn’t that good enough?”
  • Principles: abstraction, generalization Bloggers publish and subscribe to feeds So do Twitterers Abstraction: Publish/subscribe is a key pattern. Generalization: iCalendar files are feeds, can form pub/sub networks.
  • Calendar curation for Huntington, WV
  • Metadata for Huntington, WV One of these things Is not like the other.
  • Project-wide metadata
  • Project communication / collaboration The room orchestrates feeds In the same way that the project Itself does.
  • Principles at work in the elmcity project Indirection Abstraction Namespace management Publish/subscribe syndication Query Composition/decomposition Generalization/specialization Structured data Automation
  • How do we learn and apply these principles? How do we teach them? Let’s discuss.