NORSLIS 2011 - PhD Research Social Networks in a Learning Experience
Studying the Influence (or Mutual Shaping) of Social Networks in a Learning Experience By Juan D. Machin M. Vilnius, 17 November 2011 This research was supported by European Social Fund’s Doctoral Studies and InternationalisationProgrammeDoRa
SOCIAL networks/media networking tools/SNWeb 2.0 sites or applications that allow: Publication or posting of user generated content Interactions between usersShift of power in processes of production, edition, publication and communication of information… and consequences that might happen! Prosumer (Toffler, 1980) / Produser (Bruns, 2008)
LiteraciesGeneral term to define the varying degree to which an individual possesses or has mastered competencies or skills for handling [an object?] information in different media or format…new literacies, information, digital, media, numerical, scientific, musical...All these and other sorts of literacies have in common is that they define the ability to handle a certain kind (or form) of information. Literacies Information Literacies Digital Literacies
Extremely Brief Theoretical Considerations Online social networks are mainly based on “real world” society and institutions, some methods and theories for their analysis are similar. (Marchionini, 2009) Human relationships in cyberspace "...are actually being assimilated into everyday life. Furthermore, they are often moved into other social settings, just as they are in offline life.” (Carter, 2005) Role of social interaction in the development of cognition (Vygotsky, 1978) Learners should be "cognitively active" during learning and that instructors use "guided practice.” (Mayer, 2004)In summary: constructivist learning, learning as social phenomenon, literacies, IFLA’s core information competencies, Freire, Fals-Borda, Whitehead &McNiff, McIntyre, Herr & Anderson, Habermas vs. Positivism…and many others…
Research Questionsa) What are the most important issues of SN within a learning environment?b) What is the influence (or mutual shaping) of SN in a learning experience?c) What are the challenges and opportunities of using SN in higher education?d) How do students experience learning when they are engaged in a learning experience that uses SN? Can they help achieve real learning outcomes?e) How does students’ literacies affect the successfulness of such a learning experience?
Sample / Context International Master in Digital Library Learning (DILL) students for convenience, language, diversity, LIS professionals Tallinn Semester: IKM & HRM Courses, learning SN as complement Pilot Study (2011), Final Study (2012)
Method: Participatory Action Research (PAR) Self and collective reflection on the subject of study Researcher is part of and makes interventions on research Cyclical process exploration knowledge construction Action Design of activities and learning interventions
Collection of Data Diagnostic micro-survey Observation X Include/Register students’ input Online forum X Provide other dialog spaces Class discussions Students’ reports Survey Interview
Assignment Group work, intended to complement the courses Using SN, create a framework for the communication of the HR in your digital library as well as towards your customers Role Playing Write reflection on issues, challenges and what they did
Data Analysis Content analysis Results in the function of: a) identification of issues (showed & emerging) of SN within a learning environment; b) challenges and opportunities of using SN in education related to the students literacies; c) usefulness of the activities; d) learning.
Notes for the final study Take into account pilot study for self reflection (mutual shape) Better, cohesive study plan More extensive, integrated use of the tools Redefinition of ethical and privacy concerns Redesign of the activities/learning interventions to improve reception of the research enhance participation (self, students, students into research) measuring the role of literacies
Redefining the experiment 1 Introduction Methods / Privacy concerns / Literacies / SN 2 Access 3 Use 4 Evaluation user practices issues of SN [students’ input] SN in organizations [students’ input] SN inlibraries information needs tool location / selection Evaluation of SN integrationcontent initiatives accessibility issues curationcreation of[students’ comments] [students’ input] SN sites [assignment revisit] [class assignment] [students’ comm] [students’ comm] 5 Wrap up Survey / Interviews