Doing Online Relearning through Information Skills (DORIS): Contributions for information literacy programs
Doing Online Relearning throughInformation Skills (DORIS): Contributionsfor information literacy programs Juan D. Machin-Mastromatteo @judamasmas PhD student Institute of Information Studies Tallinn University
@judamasmas Snapshots What is it about?Integration of social media into higher education and the roles that information, digital and new literacies play How?Planning a series of learning activities for engaging participants
@judamasmas Where does this come from? Curiosity from MA thesis about the uses of social media for „serious‟ purposes: education or organizational? A return to my main area of interest: information literacy and learning.
@judamasmas What is it for? Librarians and related professionals mainly To enrich information literacy programs, by providing: A methodological/research framework Insights for developing formal structures Investigating pedagogical implications
@judamasmas Core Theories Constructivist learning (Piaget/Dewey/Vygotsky) 3 dimensions of learning: cognitive, social, emotional(Illeris, 2003) Information skills: access, use, evaluation (Lau, 2006) Affinity Spaces (Gee, 2009) Participatory Action Research in Education (Freire, Fals-Borda, Whitehead &McNiff, McIntyre, Herr & Anderson)
@judamasmas Epistemological Assumptions The concepts of learning and knowledge are closely connected Knowledge is created through socialization (Vygotsky, 1978; Nonaka& Takeuchi, 1995) and can be discovered (Whitehead &McNiff, 2006) as people possess tacit knowledge within (Polanyi, 1958). Teachers are capable of generating personal theories by systematically studying their practice (Whitehead, 1989) “We cannot teach people anything, we can only help them discover it within themselves” Galileo Galilei
@judamasmas Research QuestionsWhat significant issues, challenges and opportunities emerge when social media are integrated into learning environments in higher education?a) How do students‟ experience learning when they are engaged in a learning activity that integrates social media?b) In what ways is students‟ engagement dependent upon their literacies?c) In what way do learning, literacy and social media mutually shape each other?
@judamasmas The Issues of Social MediaMachin-Mastromatteo (2010, 2011, 2012), built upon Bawden& Robinson(2009) Trust Loss of identity Crowdsourcing Emerging issues Machin-Mastromatteo (2012) Decision making Quality control Balance of identities/voices/roles Users‟ satisfaction Fast changing features Information overload Need for marketing SN tools Permanence Users‟ underestimation Repackaging Privacy Negative consequences
@judamasmas The Concept(s) of LiteraciesLiteraciesInformation Literacyas in Zurkowski (1974), Virkus(2003), Tuominen, et al.(2005), Lau(2006)… Digital Literacy(computer, ICT…) as in Shapiro andHughes, 1996;LankshearyKnobel, 2006. New Literacies New Literaciesas in Lankshear and Knobel (2007)
@judamasmas Participatory Action Research (PAR)Self and collective reflection on the subject of studyResearcher is part of and makes interventions on researchCyclical process of exploration, knowledge construction and action through questioning, reflecting, investigating, developing plan implementing, refining, questioning… (McIntyre, 2008)PAR is a philosophy of life as much as a method, a sentiment as much as a conviction (Fals-Borda, 1997)PAR leads researchers into unfamiliar pathways… think in new ways… generating provocative new ideas. (Whyte, Greenwood, & Lazes, 1989)
@judamasmas Participants LIS Master Divided in groups Pilot Study (2011), Final Study (2012)
@judamasmas Collection of Data Diagnostic Questionnaire Blog Social Learners‟ Input Class Discussions Social Media Sites Social Learners‟ Reports 2nd Questionnaire Interview
@judamasmasStages of Research / Assignments Assignments: Individual reflection on own use of SM (2) Create social site for an information service (3) Evaluate an established social site (4), revisit (3)
@judamasmas Data Analysis The theory of affinity spaces: On the function of its content On the function of how people interact with the content and/or with one another The three dimensions of learning: cognitive, social, emotional.
@judamasmas Data Analysis (cont.) A look at some of the challenges and opportunities of using SM in higher education instruction related to the social learners‟ literacies A look at the most useful activities for learning, within this study The topics social learners learned about throughout the activities of this study. Insights into the mutual shaping phenomenon between SM, the learning experience and social learners‟ literacies. Social learners‟ reflections on their practice based on the learning dissonance created by the order of the assignments. The researcher/practitioner‟s reflections on his practices between the two studies conducted within this research.