Past clauses

  • 1,066 views
Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,066
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2

Actions

Shares
Downloads
16
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. SIMPLE PAST
    AND
    PAST PROGRESSIVE CLAUSES
  • 2. We can use Simple Past and Past Progressive in ONE SENTENCE.
    My sister was cooking
    when she heard about the accident in the news.
    PAST PROGRESSIVE
    SIMPLE PAST
    As you see, the first part of the sentence is an INDEPENDENT CLAUSE.
    My sister was cooking
    And the second part of the sentence is a DEPENDENT CLAUSE.
    when she heard about the accident in the news.
  • 3. The position of the CLAUSES can be swapped. Look:
    My sister was cooking
    when she heard about the accident in the news.
    OR
    she was cooking.
    When my sister heard about the accident in the news,
  • 4. When and while introduce the dependent clause.
    Liz fell on the ground whileshe was exercising.
    OR
    DEPENDENT CLAUSE
    WhileLiz was exercising, she fell on the ground.
  • 5. Another example
    When the alarm went off, she was making breakfast.
    OR
    DEPENDENT CLAUSE
    She was making breakfast when the alarm went off.
  • 6. When the dependent clause begins the sentence, a comma(,) is added at the end of this clause.
    While I was walking home, I found a ten dollar note.
    NOTICE THE COMMA.
    DEPENDENT CLAUSE
    I found a ten dollar note while I was walking home.
    NO COMMA THIS TIME.
    DEPENDENT CLAUSE
  • 7. Often, while goes with PAST PROGRESSIVE and when with SIMPLE PAST.
    Liz fell on the ground whileshe was exercising.
    PAST PROGRESSIVE
    When the alarm went off, she was making breakfast.
    SIMPLE PAST
  • 8. What event occurs first?
    My sister was cooking
    when she heard about the accident in the news.
    NOW
    PAST
    x
    x
    My sister
    started
    cooking.
    She heard
    the news.
    And if I change the order of the clauses, does it change the order of the events?
    she was cooking.
    When my sister heard about the accident in the news,
    NO, IT DOESN’T.
  • 9. In a sentence with two clauses, one of them in SIMPLE PAST and the other in PAST PROGRESSIVE,
    the clause in PAST PROGRESSIVE expresses the first event.
    I found a ten dollar note while I was walking home.
    NOW
    PAST PROGRESSIVE
    PAST
    x
    x
    I found the ten dollar note
    I was walkinghome
  • 10. Another example
    When the alarm went off, she was making breakfast.
    NOW
    PAST PROGRESSIVE
    PAST
    x
    x
    The alarm went off.
    She was making
    Breakfast.
  • 11. In a sentence with two clauses, both of them in SIMPLE PAST, the DEPENDENT CLAUSE
    expresses the first event.
    When the mailman arrived, I opened the door.
    NOW
    DEPENDENT CLAUSE
    PAST
    x
    x
    The mailman arrived.
    I opened the door.
  • 12. Another example
    It started to rain when we went inside.
    DEPENDENT CLAUSE
    NOW
    PAST
    x
    x
    We went inside.
    It started to rain.
  • 13. In a sentence with two clauses, both of them in PAST PROGRESSIVE, both events occurred
    at the same time.
    Robert was driving the car while his wife was answering the call.
    NOW
    PAST
    Robert was driving the car.
    His wife was answering the phone.
  • 14. Even though Focus on Grammar 4 states that when goes with simple past and while with past progressive, native speakers often use when with both simple past and past progressive. They don't normally use while with simple past. I assume the writers of the book present the use of when and while this way to facilitate students' comprehension.