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Infinitives presentation slide share

  1. 1. INFINITIVES
  2. 2. In English many verbs can exist in a sentence.
  3. 3. In English many verbs can exist in a sentence. My cousin lives in a town near here.
  4. 4. In English many verbs can exist in a sentence. My cousin lives in a town near here.
  5. 5. In English many verbs can exist in a sentence. My cousin lives in a town near here. MAIN VERB
  6. 6. Mary didn’t want to come to school because she feels sick.
  7. 7. Mary didn’t want to come to school because she feels sick.
  8. 8. Mary didn’t want to come to school because she feels sick.
  9. 9. Mary didn’t want to come to school because she feels sick.
  10. 10. Mary didn’t want to come to school because she feels sick.AUXILIARY
  11. 11. Mary didn’t want to come to school because she feels sick.AUXILIARY MAIN VERB
  12. 12. Mary didn’t want to come to school because she feels sick.AUXILIARY MAIN VERB Does your sister know that you have found her money?
  13. 13. Mary didn’t want to come to school because she feels sick.AUXILIARY MAIN VERB Does your sister know that you have found her money?
  14. 14. Mary didn’t want to come to school because she feels sick. AUXILIARY MAIN VERB Does your sister know that you have found her money?AUXILIARY
  15. 15. Mary didn’t want to come to school because she feels sick. AUXILIARY MAIN VERB Does your sister know that you have found her money?AUXILIARY
  16. 16. Mary didn’t want to come to school because she feels sick. AUXILIARY MAIN VERB Does your sister know that you have found her money?AUXILIARY MAIN VERB
  17. 17. Mary didn’t want to come to school because she feels sick. AUXILIARY MAIN VERB Does your sister know that you have found her money?AUXILIARY MAIN VERB
  18. 18. Mary didn’t want to come to school because she feels sick. AUXILIARY MAIN VERB Does your sister know that you have found her money?AUXILIARY MAIN VERB AUXILIARY
  19. 19. Mary didn’t want to come to school because she feels sick. AUXILIARY MAIN VERB Does your sister know that you have found her money?AUXILIARY MAIN VERB AUXILIARY
  20. 20. Mary didn’t want to come to school because she feels sick. AUXILIARY MAIN VERB Does your sister know that you have found her money?AUXILIARY MAIN VERB AUXILIARY MAIN VERB
  21. 21. We are listening to this beautiful music you lent to us last week.
  22. 22. We are listening to this beautiful music you lent to us last week.
  23. 23. We are listening to this beautiful music you lent to us last week.
  24. 24. We are listening to this beautiful music you lent to us last week.
  25. 25. We are listening to this beautiful music you lent to us last week.AUXILIARY
  26. 26. We are listening to this beautiful music you lent to us last week.AUXILIARY MAIN VERB
  27. 27. We are listening to this beautiful music you lent to us last week.AUXILIARY MAIN VERB They need to see what you did with their investment.
  28. 28. We are listening to this beautiful music you lent to us last week.AUXILIARY MAIN VERB They need to see what you did with their investment. MAIN VERB
  29. 29. We are listening to this beautiful music you lent to us last week.AUXILIARY MAIN VERB They need to see what you did with their investment. INFINITIVE MAIN VERB
  30. 30. Main verbs and auxiliary verbs are “conjugated”. That means a subject “does”, “isdoing”, “did”, “will do”, etc something.
  31. 31. Main verbs and auxiliary verbs are “conjugated”. That means a subject “does”, “isdoing”, “did”, “will do”, etc something.INFINITIVES ARE NOT “CONJUGATED” SO THEY HAVE NO TENSE. They do not adds/es, ing, or ed nor do they come in the past form in case they are irregular.
  32. 32. Main verbs and auxiliary verbs are “conjugated”. That means a subject “does”, “isdoing”, “did”, “will do”, etc something.INFINITIVES ARE NOT “CONJUGATED” SO THEY HAVE NO INFLECTION. They donot add s/es, ing, or ed nor do they come in the past form in case they areirregular. These sentences are incorrect because they use the spelling of a conjugation in the infinitive:
  33. 33. Main verbs and auxiliary verbs are “conjugated”. That means a subject “does”, “isdoing”, “did”, “will do”, etc something.INFINITIVES ARE NOT “CONJUGATED” SO THEY HAVE NO TENSE. They do not adds/es, ing, or ed nor do they come in the past form in case they are irregular. These sentences are incorrect Juan Pablo needs to explaining the class. because they use the spelling of a conjugation in the infinitive:
  34. 34. Main verbs and auxiliary verbs are “conjugated”. That means a subject “does”, “isdoing”, “did”, “will do”, etc something.INFINITIVES ARE NOT “CONJUGATED” SO THEY HAVE NO TENSE. They do not adds/es, ing, or ed nor do they come in the past form in case they are irregular. These sentences are incorrect TO EXPLAIN Juan Pablo needs to explaining the class. because they use the spelling of a conjugation in the infinitive:
  35. 35. Main verbs and auxiliary verbs are “conjugated”. That means a subject “does”, “isdoing”, “did”, “will do”, etc something.INFINITIVES ARE NOT “CONJUGATED” SO THEY HAVE NO TENSE. They do not adds/es, ing, or ed nor do they come in the past form in case they are irregular. These sentences are incorrect TO EXPLAIN Juan Pablo needs to explaining the class. because they use the spelling of a conjugation in the infinitive: They want to studied today.
  36. 36. Main verbs and auxiliary verbs are “conjugated”. That means a subject “does”, “isdoing”, “did”, “will do”, etc something.INFINITIVES ARE NOT “CONJUGATED” SO THEY HAVE NO TENSE. They do not adds/es, ing, or ed nor do they come in the past form in case they are irregular. These sentences are incorrect TO EXPLAIN Juan Pablo needs to explaining the class. because they use the spelling of a conjugation in the infinitive: TO STUDY They want to studied today.
  37. 37. Main verbs and auxiliary verbs are “conjugated”. That means a subject “does”, “isdoing”, “did”, “will do”, etc something.INFINITIVES ARE NOT “CONJUGATED” SO THEY HAVE NO TENSE. They do not adds/es, ing, or ed nor do they come in the past form in case they are irregular. These sentences are incorrect TO EXPLAIN Juan Pablo needs to explaining the class. because they use the spelling of a conjugation in the infinitive: TO STUDY They want to studied today. She loves to swims in the sea.
  38. 38. Main verbs and auxiliary verbs are “conjugated”. That means a subject “does”, “isdoing”, “did”, “will do”, etc something.INFINITIVES ARE NOT “CONJUGATED” SO THEY HAVE NO TENSE. They do not adds/es, ing, or ed nor do they come in the past form in case they are irregular. These sentences are incorrect TO EXPLAIN Juan Pablo needs to explaining the class. because they use the spelling of a conjugation in the infinitive: TO STUDY They want to studied today. TO SWIM She loves to swims in the sea.
  39. 39. The only exception, where a verb that comes after a “to” uses ing, is when using theexpressions are:
  40. 40. The only exception, where a verb that comes after a “to” uses ing, is when using theexpressions are: BE USED/ACCUSTOMED TO or GET USED/ACCUSTOMED TO. LOOK FORWARD TO.
  41. 41. The only exception, where a verb that comes after a “to” uses ing, is when using theexpressions are: BE USED/ACCUSTOMED TO or GET USED/ACCUSTOMED TO. LOOK FORWARD TO. My father gets used/accustomed to listening to his friends when they talk too much
  42. 42. The only exception, where a verb that comes after a “to” uses ing, is when using theexpressions are: BE USED/ACCUSTOMED TO or GET USED/ACCUSTOMED TO. LOOK FORWARD TO. My father gets used/accustomed to listening to his friends when they talk too much
  43. 43. The only exception, where a verb that comes after a “to” uses ing, is when using theexpressions are: BE USED/ACCUSTOMED TO or GET USED/ACCUSTOMED TO. LOOK FORWARD TO. My father gets used/accustomed to listening to his friends when they talk too much We are used/accustomed to staying in this hotel.
  44. 44. The only exception, where a verb that comes after a “to” uses ing, is when using theexpressions are: BE USED/ACCUSTOMED TO or GET USED/ACCUSTOMED TO. LOOK FORWARD TO. My father gets used/accustomed to listening to his friends when they talk too much We are used/accustomed to staying in this hotel.
  45. 45. Most of the times, an infinitive is preceded by a “TO”.
  46. 46. Most of the times, an infinitive is preceded by a “TO”. Everyone wanted to go.
  47. 47. Most of the times, an infinitive is preceded by a “TO”. Everyone wanted to go.
  48. 48. Most of the times, an infinitive is preceded by a “TO”. Everyone wanted to go.They can come after a verb that is conjugated.
  49. 49. Most of the times, an infinitive is preceded by a “TO”. Everyone wanted to go.They can come after a verb that is conjugated. She refuses to come to my house.
  50. 50. Most of the times, an infinitive is preceded by a “TO”. Everyone wanted to go.They can come after a verb that is conjugated. She refuses to come to my house. MAIN VERB INFINITIVE (conjugated)
  51. 51. Most of the times, an infinitive is preceded by a “TO”. Everyone wanted to go.They can come after a verb that is conjugated. She refuses to come to my house. MAIN VERB INFINITIVE (conjugated)
  52. 52. Most of the times, an infinitive is preceded by a “TO”. Everyone wanted to go.They can come after a verb that is conjugated. She refuses to come to my house. They want to see you now. MAIN VERB INFINITIVE (conjugated)
  53. 53. Most of the times, an infinitive is preceded by a “TO”. Everyone wanted to go.They can come after a verb that is conjugated. She refuses to come to my house. They want to see you now. MAIN VERB INFINITIVE MAIN VERB INFINITIVE (conjugated) (conjugated)
  54. 54. They can come after the object of a sentence.
  55. 55. They can come after the object of a sentence. The teacher needs Maria to come.
  56. 56. They can come after the object of a sentence. The teacher needs Maria to come. MAIN VERB (conjugated)
  57. 57. They can come after the object of a sentence. The teacher needs Maria to come. MAIN VERB (conjugated) OBJECT
  58. 58. They can come after the object of a sentence. The teacher needs Maria to come. MAIN VERB INFINITIVE (conjugated) OBJECT
  59. 59. They can come after the object of a sentence. The teacher needs Maria to come. MAIN VERB INFINITIVE (conjugated) OBJECT The base form of the verb can work as an infinitive when preceded by the verbs make, have, let and help. Help can be followed by an infinitive or the base form.
  60. 60. They can come after the object of a sentence. The teacher needs Maria to come. MAIN VERB INFINITIVE (conjugated) OBJECT The base form of the verb can work as an infinitive when preceded by the verbs make, have, let and help. Help can be followed by an infinitive or the base form.SUBJECT MAIN VERB OBJECT BASE/INFINITIVE COMPLEMENTCamila makes me feel good. Juan helped Camila (to) find her purse. She has her students copy the questions. Dad let us go out.

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