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Session 3 measuring democracy and technology

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Session 3 Measuring Democracy and Technology E gov democracy and technology

Session 3 Measuring Democracy and Technology E gov democracy and technology

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  • 1. Measuring Democracy and Technology
    Dr. Juan Luis Manfredi Sánchez
    Correo-e: juan.manfredi@yahoo.es
    juan.manfredi@ie.edu
    Twitter: @juanmanfredi
    http://ciberdemocracia.blogspot.com
  • 2. 2
    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
    1. Measuring Democracy
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    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
    1. Measuring Democracy
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    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
    2. Measuring Technology
    Information has gone from scarce to superabundant
    That brings huge new benefits, but also big headaches
    The capability of digital technology multiplies the information that was previously unavailable
  • 5. 5
    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
    2. Measuring Technology
    It plays a central role both in macroeconomics and in economic development: it’s a key question in public policies
    Again, we have dozens of index: there’s no good index and bad index
    OECD: “The Guide is a compilation of concepts, definitions, classifications and methods for information society measurement and analysis” in three dimensions:
    Information society
    Economic dimension
    Social dimension
    Let’s see how
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    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
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    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
    2. Measuring Technology
    Convergence and Innovation – The Big Three
    Moore's Law: the processing power of a microchip doubles every 18 months; corollary, computers become faster and the price of a given level of computing power halves every 18 months
    Gilder's Law: the total bandwidth of communication systems triples every twelve months
    Metcalfe's Law: the value of a network is proportional to the square of the number of nodes; so, as a network grows, the value of being connected to it grows exponentially, while the cost per user remains the same or even reduces.
  • 8. 8
    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
    3. Mixing Democracy and Technology
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    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
    3. Mixing Democracy and Technology
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    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
    3. Mixing Democracy and Technology
  • 11. 11
    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
    4. Public Policies
    What to consider?
    • Infrastructure availability
    • 12. Cost of ICT goods and services
    • 13. The ICT policy environment
    • 14. Trust that users have in the online environment.
    • 15. The education and skills base of the population (specialised and general)
    • 16. Labour market supply and costs.
    • 17. Innovation and R&D base, entrepreneurship culture and support (private and public)
    • 18. A momentum effect driven by penetration of ICT
    • 19. Productivity impacts of ICT investment and use.
    • 20. Changes in the structure of economies
    • 21. The growth of the ICT and services sectors
    • 22. Changes to employment and the nature of work
    • 23. Impact on globalisation
    • 24. Facilitation of learning (both formal and informal)
    • 25. Positive and negative changes in society and social behaviour
    • 26. Positive and negative influences on the natural environment
  • 12
    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
    5. The Digital Divide
    Definition: the gap between ICT “haves” and “have-nots”
    Issues of economic marginalisation and social exclusion associated with ICT
    It includes ICT-induced benefits: business, governments, health, education and any other area.
     
    The idea of ‘ICT for development’ has been the driving force behind much activity internationally, including the two World Summits on the Information Society in Geneva (2003) and Tunis (2005)
    View: ICT as an historic opportunity for the evolution of our economies and societies; and has the potential to accentuate already existing and sizeable imbalances.
    Different approaches:
    • Connectivity and infrastructure
    • 27. E-readiness
    • 28. E-strategies
    • 29. ICT literacy
    • 30. Skills and training
  • 13
    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
    5. The Digital Divide
    Three issues to consider
    The magnitude
    The evolution
    The speed
     
    The three issues combined show us:
    Absolute divide in absolute number: users vs non-users
    Absolute divide in overall rates: proportion of users vs non-users
    Relative divide: the difference in penetration rates between different groups
  • 31. 14
    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
    5. The Digital Divide
    ICT Opportunity Index
  • 32. 15
    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
  • 33. 16
    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
  • 34. 17
    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
  • 35. 18
    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
  • 36. 19
    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
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    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
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    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
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    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
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    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi
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    Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi

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