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Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
Session 3 measuring democracy and technology
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Session 3 measuring democracy and technology

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Session 3 Measuring Democracy and Technology E gov democracy and technology

Session 3 Measuring Democracy and Technology E gov democracy and technology

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  • 1. Measuring Democracy and Technology<br />Dr. Juan Luis Manfredi Sánchez<br />Correo-e: juan.manfredi@yahoo.es<br />juan.manfredi@ie.edu<br />Twitter: @juanmanfredi<br />http://ciberdemocracia.blogspot.com<br />
  • 2. 2<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />1. Measuring Democracy<br />
  • 3. 3<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />1. Measuring Democracy<br />
  • 4. 4<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />2. Measuring Technology<br />Information has gone from scarce to superabundant<br />That brings huge new benefits, but also big headaches<br />The capability of digital technology multiplies the information that was previously unavailable<br />
  • 5. 5<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />2. Measuring Technology<br />It plays a central role both in macroeconomics and in economic development: it’s a key question in public policies<br />Again, we have dozens of index: there’s no good index and bad index<br />OECD: “The Guide is a compilation of concepts, definitions, classifications and methods for information society measurement and analysis” in three dimensions:<br />Information society<br />Economic dimension<br />Social dimension<br />Let’s see how<br />
  • 6. 6<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />
  • 7. 7<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />2. Measuring Technology<br />Convergence and Innovation – The Big Three<br />Moore's Law: the processing power of a microchip doubles every 18 months; corollary, computers become faster and the price of a given level of computing power halves every 18 months<br />Gilder's Law: the total bandwidth of communication systems triples every twelve months<br />Metcalfe's Law: the value of a network is proportional to the square of the number of nodes; so, as a network grows, the value of being connected to it grows exponentially, while the cost per user remains the same or even reduces.<br />
  • 8. 8<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />3. Mixing Democracy and Technology<br />
  • 9. 9<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />3. Mixing Democracy and Technology<br />
  • 10. 10<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />3. Mixing Democracy and Technology<br />
  • 11. 11<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />4. Public Policies<br />What to consider?<br /><ul><li>Infrastructure availability
  • 12. Cost of ICT goods and services
  • 13. The ICT policy environment
  • 14. Trust that users have in the online environment.
  • 15. The education and skills base of the population (specialised and general)
  • 16. Labour market supply and costs.
  • 17. Innovation and R&D base, entrepreneurship culture and support (private and public)
  • 18. A momentum effect driven by penetration of ICT
  • 19. Productivity impacts of ICT investment and use.
  • 20. Changes in the structure of economies
  • 21. The growth of the ICT and services sectors
  • 22. Changes to employment and the nature of work
  • 23. Impact on globalisation
  • 24. Facilitation of learning (both formal and informal)
  • 25. Positive and negative changes in society and social behaviour
  • 26. Positive and negative influences on the natural environment</li></li></ul><li>12<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />5. The Digital Divide<br />Definition: the gap between ICT “haves” and “have-nots”<br />Issues of economic marginalisation and social exclusion associated with ICT<br />It includes ICT-induced benefits: business, governments, health, education and any other area. <br /> <br />The idea of ‘ICT for development’ has been the driving force behind much activity internationally, including the two World Summits on the Information Society in Geneva (2003) and Tunis (2005)<br />View: ICT as an historic opportunity for the evolution of our economies and societies; and has the potential to accentuate already existing and sizeable imbalances. <br />Different approaches:<br /><ul><li>Connectivity and infrastructure
  • 27. E-readiness
  • 28. E-strategies
  • 29. ICT literacy
  • 30. Skills and training</li></li></ul><li>13<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />5. The Digital Divide<br />Three issues to consider<br />The magnitude<br />The evolution<br />The speed<br /> <br />The three issues combined show us:<br />Absolute divide in absolute number: users vs non-users<br />Absolute divide in overall rates: proportion of users vs non-users<br />Relative divide: the difference in penetration rates between different groups<br />
  • 31. 14<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />5. The Digital Divide<br />ICT Opportunity Index<br />
  • 32. 15<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />
  • 33. 16<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />
  • 34. 17<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />
  • 35. 18<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />
  • 36. 19<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />
  • 37. 20<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />
  • 38. 21<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />
  • 39. 22<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />
  • 40. 23<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />
  • 41. 24<br />Juan Luis Manfredi, Ph.D @juanmanfredi<br />

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