Juan José Rivera Ruiz

Task 1.3
The passive voice.
Use of the passive voice.
When the doer of the action is unknown:
My vase was broken this afternoon.
(I don't know who bro...
Use of the passive voice.
When the agent is unimportant:
The road was built last year.
Use of the passive voice.
When the agent is obvious from the
context:
Junior was baptised last week.
(We know that the pri...
Use of the passive voice.
To put importance on the receiver of the
action:
The picture was burned in the fire.
Use of the passive voice.
To make generic statements,
explanations, notices, etc:
Animals are forbidden.
Form of the passive verb.
The passive voice is normally formed in the following
way:
Subject + to be + Past Participle + O...
Present Simple.
Active:
Mike drives a car.
Passive:
A car is driven by Mike.
Past Simple.
Active:
Mike drove a car.
Passive:
A car was driven by Mike.
Present Perfect.
Active:
Mike has driven a car.
Passive:
A car has been driven by Mike.
Past Perfect Simple.
Active:
Mike had driven a car.
Passive:
A car had been driven by Mike.
Future with will.
Active:
Mike will drive a car
Passive:
A car will be driven by Mike.
Going to future.
Active:
Mike going to drive a car.
Passive:
A car going to be driven by Mike.
Modal verb.( must, can, should)
Active:
I must clean my room.
I can drive a car.
You should read this books.
Passive
My ro...
Changes in the sentence.
Active

Subject + verb + object
Paco

eats

apples.

Passive Subject + be + past participle +(by ...
5 examples of passive transformation.

Active
John drinks a beer.
Elsa saw the television.
Frank has driven a bus.
Kelly h...
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Passive voice, transformation and uses.

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Passive voice, transformation and uses.

  1. 1. Juan José Rivera Ruiz Task 1.3 The passive voice.
  2. 2. Use of the passive voice. When the doer of the action is unknown: My vase was broken this afternoon. (I don't know who broke my vase)
  3. 3. Use of the passive voice. When the agent is unimportant: The road was built last year.
  4. 4. Use of the passive voice. When the agent is obvious from the context: Junior was baptised last week. (We know that the priest baptised him)
  5. 5. Use of the passive voice. To put importance on the receiver of the action: The picture was burned in the fire.
  6. 6. Use of the passive voice. To make generic statements, explanations, notices, etc: Animals are forbidden.
  7. 7. Form of the passive verb. The passive voice is normally formed in the following way: Subject + to be + Past Participle + Objects and Complements + (Agent)* John was showed a performance by she. *The agent is optional. It is only added when the doer of the action is known and we are interested in saying it.
  8. 8. Present Simple. Active: Mike drives a car. Passive: A car is driven by Mike.
  9. 9. Past Simple. Active: Mike drove a car. Passive: A car was driven by Mike.
  10. 10. Present Perfect. Active: Mike has driven a car. Passive: A car has been driven by Mike.
  11. 11. Past Perfect Simple. Active: Mike had driven a car. Passive: A car had been driven by Mike.
  12. 12. Future with will. Active: Mike will drive a car Passive: A car will be driven by Mike.
  13. 13. Going to future. Active: Mike going to drive a car. Passive: A car going to be driven by Mike.
  14. 14. Modal verb.( must, can, should) Active: I must clean my room. I can drive a car. You should read this books. Passive My room must be cleaned by me. A car can be driven by me. This book should be read by you.
  15. 15. Changes in the sentence. Active Subject + verb + object Paco eats apples. Passive Subject + be + past participle +(by + agent)* Apples are eaten by Paco.
  16. 16. 5 examples of passive transformation. Active John drinks a beer. Elsa saw the television. Frank has driven a bus. Kelly had broken a glass. I will won the lottery. Passive A beer is drunk by John. The television was seen by Elsa. A bus has been driven by Frank. A glass had been broken by Kelly. The lottery will be won by me.

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