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  1. 1. English<br />MariaMarabini<br />2º A Nº 17<br />
  2. 2. Present Simple (Affirmativeform)<br />Forma completa<br />I am<br />You are<br />He is<br />Sheis<br />Itis<br />We are<br />You are<br />They are<br />Forma contraida<br />I’m<br />You’re<br />He’s<br />She’s<br />It’s<br />We’re<br />You’re<br />They’re<br />
  3. 3. Present Simple (negativeform)(sujeto+verbo+not)<br />Forma Completa<br />I am not<br />You are not<br />He isnot<br />Sheisnot<br />Itisnot<br />We are not<br />You are not<br />They are not<br />Forma Contraida<br />I’mnot<br />Youaren’t<br />He isn’t<br />Sheisn’t<br />Itisn’t<br />Wearen’t<br />Youaren’t<br />Theyaren’t<br />
  4. 4. Present Simple (interrogative)(verbo + sujeto)<br />Question<br />Am I…?<br />Are you…?<br />Is he…?<br />Isshe…?<br />Isit…?<br />Are we…?<br />Are you…?<br />Are they…?<br />Answer Positive/ Negative<br />Yes, I am / No, I’mnot<br />Yes, you are / No, youaren’t<br />Yes, he is / No, he isn’t<br />Yes, sheis / No, sheisn’t<br />Yes, Itis / No, Itisn’t<br />Yes, we are / No, wearen’t<br />Yes, you are / No, youaren’t<br />Yes, they are / No, theyaren’t<br />
  5. 5. Present Simple<br />Examples<br />Are you a student? Yes, I am.<br />Issheyourfriend? Yes, sheis.<br />Are theyyourclassmates? No, theyaren’t.<br />
  6. 6. Past Simple (affirmative) Regular verbs<br />Peter and I lived in thesame flat.<br />Sheworked as a teacher.<br />Thechildrenplayed in thepark.<br />Theycarriedheavy boxes.<br />livelived<br />worksworked<br />playplayed<br />carrycarried<br />
  7. 7. Past Simple (negative)Regular Verbs<br />Welived in thesame flat Wedidn’tlive in thesame flat.<br />Sheworked as a teacherShedidn’twork as a teacher.<br />Recuerda: en las oraciones negativas solo se pone el verbo auxiliar en pasado. (sujeto + verb. aux. en pasado + infinitivo del verbo) <br />
  8. 8. Past Simple (questions)Regular Verbs<br />Didyoulike pizza? Yes I did / No I didn’t.<br />Didshelive in London? Yes, shedid / No shedidn’t.<br />Didtheyplayfootball? Yes, theydid / No, Theydidn’t.<br />
  9. 9. Past Simple (affirmative)Irregular verbs<br />Ir togo/went/gone<br />Beber Todrink / drank /drunk<br />Theywenttothe disco everySaturday.<br />Shedrankcoke.<br />
  10. 10. Past Simple (negative)Irregular Verbs<br />Theydidn’tgotothe disco everySaturday.<br />Shedidn’tdrinkcoke.<br />Nota: En las oraciones negativas solo se pone en pasado el verbo auxiliar.<br />
  11. 11. Past Simple (questions)Irregular verbs<br />Didyoudrinkcoke? Yes, I did/No, I didn’t<br />Didtheygotothe disco everySaturday? Yes, theydid/No, theydidn’t<br /> Nota: Solo se pone en pasado el verbo auxiliar (do did)<br />
  12. 12. PastContiuous<br />Form:<br />Was/were + gerund<br />Examples:<br /><ul><li>Youwerestudyingwhenshecalled.
  13. 13. Wereyoustudyingwhenshecalled?
  14. 14. Youweren’tstudyingwhenshecalled.</li></li></ul><li>PastcontinuousUSE 1<br />pastpresentfuture<br />We use thePastContinuoustoindicatethat a longeraction in thepastwasinterrupted. Theinterruptionisusually a shorteraction in the Simple Past.<br />Remember:this can be a real interruptionorjustaninterruption in time.<br />
  15. 15. PastContinuousExamples<br />I waslisteningto mi iPod, so I didn’thearthefirealarm.<br />Youweren’tlistening me when I toldyou.<br />Whatwereyoudoingwhentheearthquakestarted? <br />
  16. 16. PastContinuousUSE 2<br />Pastpresentfuture<br />Whenyou use thePastContinuouswithtwoactions in thesamesentence, itexpressesthe idea thatbothactionswere happening at thesame time. Theactions are parallel. <br />
  17. 17. PastContinuousExamples<br />I wasplayingfootballwhile he wasrunning.<br />Hellenwasn’tsinging, and I wasn’tsingingeither.<br />Whatwereyoudoingwhileyouwerewaiting?<br />
  18. 18. FirstConditional<br />Estructura:<br />If + present, future<br /> condición oración principal<br />Future, if + present<br /> oración principal condición<br />Estas oraciones se utilizan para predecir el resultado que tendrá una acción en el futuro.<br />
  19. 19. FirstConditionalExamples<br />Ifyousing, I will listen you.<br />Ifyoustudy, youwillpasstheexam.<br />Theywillstay at home, ifitrains<br />
  20. 20. Goingto<br />We use Goingtoforplans and intentions.<br />Examples<br />I’mgoingtostudyveryhardthenextyear.<br />I´mgoingtothecinematomorrow.<br />
  21. 21. Will/won’t<br />We use willforpredictions.<br />Examples<br />I willget a goodjob.<br />Wewon’tbepoor.<br />
  22. 22. Comparativo de igualdad<br />Estructura:<br /> as + adjective + as (+)<br />not so/noy as + adjective + as<br />Examples:<br /> My dollisas big as yours.<br />Herhouseisn’t so nice as Peter’s.<br />
  23. 23. Comparativo de inferioridad<br />Estructura:<br />less + adjective + than<br />Examples:<br />Theblue car islessbigthanthe red one.<br />Thisskirtisless short thantheotherone.<br />
  24. 24. Comparativo de superioridad<br />Estructura:<br />A los adjetivos de una sílaba o de dos sílabas acabados en -y, -er y –ow se añade –er.<br />narrow – narrower<br /> short – shorter<br />clever – cleverer<br /> A los adjetivos de mas de una silaba se les añade el advebio more delante del adjetivo.<br />beautiful – more beautiful<br />
  25. 25. Comparativo de superioridad <br />Examples<br />You are taller than me.<br />Theelephantisbiggerthanthedog.<br />They are more modernthanus. <br />
  26. 26. Superlative<br />Estructura:<br /> A los adjetivos de una sola sílaba y de dos acabados en –y, -er y –ow añadimos –est.<br />the + adjective + -est<br /><ul><li>short – theshortest
  27. 27. fast – thefastest
  28. 28. heavy – theheaviest</li></ul> Con los de más de dos sílabas añadimos:<br />themost + adjective<br /><ul><li>beautiful – themostbeautiful</li></li></ul><li>Superlative<br />Examples<br />He isthetallest.<br />Itisthemostdifficult.<br />I am themostmodern<br />
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