03 12-10 cny workfare b

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  • What happens when particles collide with one another? They adhere to each other to form larger particles. With a consequential continuous decrease in the number of particles and an increase in particle size. This collision process is caused by Brownian motion (thermal coagulation), and or kinematic coagulation. Coagulation is the most important phenomenon for the interactions between particles. Electrical forces between particles can increase coagulation by enhancing Brownian motion. This is happening in nature all the time. Note: Collisions of particles with opposite charges increase but collisions between particles of the same charges are reduced. Therefore the net effect is little change in coagulation for particles in air. However, if these particles are treated properly there will be a significant increase in coagulation. Particles will attach firmly to any surface they come in contact with, not just to each other. For sub-micron particles, the small ones, these adhesive forces, such as Van deer Waals forces, electrostatic forces, and surface tension (all electrical forces) are extremely strong and far exceed the removal forces. Removal forces are mostly caused by airflow. Therefore, the smaller the particle the stronger the adhesive force and the less likely it can be removed from a surface (remember, small particles have more charge on them). Particles less than a couple of microns in diameter will not be removed by the forces found in HVAC equipment. This is because they will adhere to ducts and room surfaces and they will stay there, period. Now, if we can make the particles bigger, coagulate them, they can be easily dislodged by airflow and can be kept entrained in the air.
  • The objective of PACT is simple; It is to take all contaminants out of the occupied space and essentially makes every room a clean room by using the properties of collision acceleration and transport mechanism control. Most particles going into the PACT system are small and are influenced by the electrical field transport mechanism. When particles leave the PACT system the collision process has been initiated. They are made large enough to be controlled by airflow and thus get taken throughout the room, colliding with other particles, chemicals and gases which adhere to them. Then they get exhausted or go to the filter where they are efficiently collected and eliminated. PACT does two things: Causes collisions between sub-micron sized particles to form larger particles , thus changing them from being dominantly controlled by the electrical field transport mechanism to being controlled by airflow. Makes particles more neutral in charge . Particles will not only stay entrained in the airflow without being influenced by the electric field but will not be as likely to form strong bonds with surfaces and objects even if they should come in contact with them.
  • The above shows the significant standard deviation difference between the Facilities present HVAC system and the APS with PACT and the CEU.
  • 03 12-10 cny workfare b

    1. 1. +energy  Buildings +energy  Communities Heated by the Sun Cooled by the Earth CNY Renewable Energy Associates, LLC John M. Miranda [email_address] March 9, 2010
    2. 2. +energy  Buildings Commercial & Residential Heated by the Sun Cooled by the Earth
    3. 3. +energy  Buildings - Overview Heating and Power From Sun Cooling From Earth Superior IAQ Solar Thermal Systems HVAC + Particle Removal Systems Geothermal Systems BUILDING EARTH SURFACE Predictive Analysis EMS LED Lighting Systems Energy Conservation BELOW EARTH SURFACE
    4. 4. Heating and Power From Sun COMMERCIAL BUILDING Heated by the Sun Cooled by the Earth +energy  Buildings Heated by the Sun Cooled by the Earth RESIDENTIAL BUILDING Heated by the Sun Cooled by the Earth Superior Indoor Air Quality Optimized Energy Utilization Cooling From Earth
    5. 5. Heated by the Sun – Cooled by the Earth COMMERCIAL BUILDING
    6. 6. +energy  Buildings - Overview Heating and Power From Sun Cooling From Earth Superior IAQ Solar Thermal Systems HVAC + Particle Removal Systems Geothermal Systems BUILDING EARTH SURFACE Predictive Analysis EMS LED Lighting Systems Energy Conservation BELOW EARTH SURFACE
    7. 7. <ul><li>Heat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses standard, low-cost, solar thermal panels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Roof mounted or </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ground mounted </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) in windows where appropriate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses standard, Photovoltaic (PV) panels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Roof mounted or </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ground mounted </li></ul></ul></ul>Heat & Power From the Sun
    8. 8. +energy  Buildings - Overview Heating and Power From Sun Cooling From Earth Superior IAQ Solar Thermal Systems HVAC + Particle Removal Systems Geothermal Systems BUILDING EARTH SURFACE Predictive Analysis EMS LED Lighting Systems Energy Conservation BELOW EARTH SURFACE
    9. 9. Combine “ Near Clean Room” With reduced-cost, increased-efficiency, “green-ready” Particle Removal HVAC  Superior IAQ: HVAC + Particle Removal
    10. 10. PACT (by SecureAire) (Particle Acceleration Collision Technology) Particle Removal Superior IAQ: Particle Removal - PACT
    11. 11. Dominant Transport Mechanism > 3  Airflow Dominant Transport Mechanism < 1.0  Electric Field Superior IAQ: PACT – How Does PACT Work?
    12. 12. Superior IAQ: PACT – How is PACT Different? THE ONLY
    13. 13. Particle Collision Accelerator <ul><li>What PACT does </li></ul><ul><li>Makes the dominant transport mechanism airflow. </li></ul><ul><li>Forces particles to come together. </li></ul><ul><li>When particles collide they stay together (produces inelastic collisions). </li></ul>Superior IAQ: PACT – What Does PACT Do? + + – + – – – + – – + – – + – + – – + + – –
    14. 14. PARTICLE COUNT “ BEFORE” PARTICLE COUNT “ AFTER” Superior IAQ: PACT – How Well Does PACT Work?
    15. 15. QairTerminal (by NuClimate) HVAC Superior IAQ: HVAC - QairTerminal
    16. 16. D edicated O utside A ir S ystem Superior IAQ: HVAC – QairTerminal Schematic Outside Air Exhaust Primary Air Return Air DOAS
    17. 17. 12 Foot throw @100 FPM All Around Perimeter Primary Ventilation Air : 186-476 CFM Ventilation Pressures .40-1” SP Primary Air Ventilation From DOAS Unit 55 degrees 48 grains Total Room Mixing is achieved thru the Coanda effect within the space 75 degrees 55%RH 3-1 Mixing effect 45 degree chilled water or 120 deg Hot water Superior IAQ: HVAC – Principle of Airflow All-Surround Ventilation Effectiveness
    18. 18. ELECTRONICALLY- CONTROLLED (WATER HEATED AND COOLED) COILS Superior IAQ: HVAC – QairTerminal Easy Access
    19. 19. CLOSE-UP OF ELECTRONICALLY- CONTROLLED (WATER HEATED AND COOLED) COILS Superior IAQ: HVAC – Coils
    20. 20. Superior IAQ: NuClimate All-Surround - Q360
    21. 21. <ul><li>Costs Significantly Lower Than VAV </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Installed Cost 10% Less Than VAV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operating Cost 17% Less Than VAV </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ducting Sizes 60% Smaller than VAV Ducting </li></ul><ul><li>Simpler Terminal Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No Air Balancing of System at Terminals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less Electrical Wiring - No Fan at Terminal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less Maintenance - No Moving Parts at Terminal </li></ul></ul>Superior IAQ: NuClimate Cost Savings
    22. 22. The QairTerminal Can Be Heated and Cooled by Conventional Boilers & Chillers and/or by Solar Thermal & Geothermal That’s the most important part of this section Superior IAQ: HVAC – But Wait!! There’s More!!
    23. 23. D edicated O utside A ir S ystem Superior IAQ: HVAC – QairTerminal Schematic Outside Air Exhaust Primary Air Return Air DOAS
    24. 24. +energy  Buildings - Overview Heating and Power From Sun Cooling From Earth Superior IAQ Solar Thermal Systems HVAC + Particle Removal Systems Geothermal Systems BUILDING EARTH SURFACE Energy Conservation BELOW EARTH SURFACE Predictive Analysis EMS LED Lighting Systems
    25. 25. Grid – Electrical Distribution Infrastructure Possible Systems <ul><li>Grid Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Weather Predictions </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Geothermal (heat pumps) </li></ul><ul><li>Solar PV / Thermal </li></ul><ul><li>Wind </li></ul><ul><li>Hydro </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-Fuel Generators </li></ul><ul><li>Cooling </li></ul><ul><li>Heating (active & passive) </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Humidity </li></ul><ul><li>Air Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Other Conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Health Monitoring </li></ul>Building Metering System(s) A.I. Optimizing System(s) Integrated Management Control System(s) Electrical Power Users & Providers AND / OR Energy Conservation – Appendix B Predictive Energy Management System: Future ELECTRICAL INPUT ELECTRICAL OUTPUT Internet Remote Monitor Local Monitor
    26. 26. Energy Conservation: LED Lighting Systems UL Approved - AVAILABLE TODAY With Cover Without Cover Same Light Fixture
    27. 27. +energy  Buildings - Overview Heating and Power From Sun Cooling From Earth Superior IAQ Solar Thermal Systems HVAC + Particle Removal Systems Geothermal Systems BUILDING EARTH SURFACE Energy Conservation BELOW EARTH SURFACE Predictive Analysis EMS LED Lighting Systems
    28. 28. Geothermal Systems: Hardin Tube
    29. 29. Heated by the Sun – Cooled by the Earth RESIDENTIAL BUILDING * * Already “complete” except for: PV uniform airflow system particle removal system “ brilliant” EMS
    30. 30. The LeFevere 85% Passive Home Heat From Sun – Cool From Earth THIS HOUSE CAN BE BUILT AT OR BELOW THE COST OF A SIMILARLY- SIZED, “2008 STICK-BUILT” HOUSE IN CENTRAL NEW YORK. N
    31. 31. The LeFevere 85% Passive Home Heat From Sun – Cool From Earth HEAT FROM SUN Ground Level Foundation Wall (inside) (  ) House Wall (inside) (  ) 12” Thick Concrete Foam Insulation 55F – Constant Keeps Foundation / Wall @ 55F - Constant 105F -30F 68F – Constant (  ) COOL FROM EARTH OUTDOORS INDOORS Ground Level Steel Rebar (  ) Foundation & House Walls Are Contiguous (  ) Can be Designed to Maintain a Different Base Temperature
    32. 32. The LeFevere 85% Passive Home Heat From Sun – Cool From Earth <ul><li>3,800 Square Feet </li></ul><ul><li>Built in 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Loc: Kingston, NH </li></ul><ul><li>No Heater </li></ul><ul><li>No AC </li></ul><ul><li>No Backup </li></ul><ul><li>No Oil/Gas/Coal/Wood </li></ul><ul><li>Rebar in Foundation/Walls Maintains 55F Throughout </li></ul><ul><li>Built Over 14” Foam </li></ul><ul><li>Conditioned Water </li></ul><ul><li>Roof = R66 </li></ul><ul><li>Radiant Heat (2 Floors) </li></ul><ul><li>Solarium </li></ul><ul><li>5,000 Gal H 2 0 “Buffer” </li></ul><ul><li>10W H 2 0 Distribution Pumps </li></ul><ul><li>Constant 68F (+/- 2%) (  ) </li></ul><ul><li>Constant 50 % Humidity (+/- 2%) (  ) </li></ul><ul><li>Mold Free </li></ul><ul><li>Cupola Vent </li></ul><ul><li>PV / BIPV: Future </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh Air Exchanger </li></ul><ul><li>Avg. Electric = $51/mo. (  ) </li></ul><ul><li>(  ) Documented since 2000 (9 years) </li></ul>
    33. 33. <ul><li>Fresh air distribution system: </li></ul><ul><li>Qv-accelerator </li></ul><ul><li>Insures 7 x 24 supply of fresh air to inhabitants of hermetically-sealed house </li></ul><ul><li>Designed by co-inventor of Qairterminal </li></ul><ul><li>Uses same principle of uniform air distribution as QairTerminal except no heating / cooling coils </li></ul><ul><li>Best when equipped with (optional) PACT for particle removal </li></ul>RESIDENTIAL - APPENDIX A (Airflow & Particle Removal System)
    34. 34. +energy  Communities Heated by the Sun Cooled by the Earth CNY Renewable Energy Associates, LLC John M. Miranda [email_address] March 9, 2010
    35. 35. +energy© Communities – Base Camp
    36. 36. +energy  Communities Heated by the Sun Cooled by the Earth <ul><li>(+) Energy > (-) Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Comprised of +energy© Bldgs. </li></ul><ul><li>Defined by Interlaced Microgrid </li></ul><ul><li>Usable Energy From Effluent </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Sustaining AMAP(as much as possible) </li></ul>Current State Target State + = SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITY MICROGRID EFFLUENT SOURCES BIODIGESTER ALGAE FARM 1-STEP TO BIODIESEL USABLE ENERGY FROM EFFLUENT
    37. 37. +energy© Communities – What Are They and Why? +energy  Communities Heated by the Sun Cooled by the Earth <ul><li>(+) Energy > (-) Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Comprised of +energy© Bldgs. </li></ul><ul><li>Defined by Interlaced Microgrid </li></ul><ul><li>Usable Energy From Effluent </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Sustaining AMAP (As Much As Possible) </li></ul>
    38. 38. +energy© Communities – (+) Energy > (-) Energy - = Energy Produced Energy Consumed <ul><li>Excess Energy Available For: </li></ul><ul><li>Local Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Sale to “National” Grid </li></ul>HOW? & WHEN?
    39. 39. +energy© Communities = +energy© Buildings
    40. 40. +energy© Communities – Defined by Interlaced Microgrid Current State Target State
    41. 41. +energy© Communities – Usable Energy From Effluent Affluence From Effluents© EFFLUENT SOURCES BIODIGESTER ALGAE FARM 1-STEP TO BIODIESEL USABLE ENERGY FROM EFFLUENT
    42. 42. +energy© Communities – Usable Energy From Effluent Affluence From Effluents© EFFLUENT SOURCES BIODIGESTER ALGAE FARM 1-STEP TO BIODIESEL USABLE ENERGY FROM EFFLUENT
    43. 43. +energy© Communities – Usable Energy From Effluent Affluence From Effluents© http://www.necn.com/Boston/Business/2009/07/15/Algae-may-play-key-role-on/1247700676.html Didn’t you say it tastes like chicken? Ms. Gail Busch, Inventrix, CEO and President Algepower®
    44. 44. +energy© Communities – Usable Energy From Effluent Affluence From Effluents© EFFLUENT SOURCES BIODIGESTER ALGAE FARM 1-STEP TO BIODIESEL USABLE ENERGY FROM EFFLUENT
    45. 45. +energy© Communities – Usable Energy From Effluent
    46. 46. +energy© Communities – Usable Energy From Effluent Affluence From Effluents© p. 19 p. 20
    47. 47. <ul><ul><li>Envisioning & Focusing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Representing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inventing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connecting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retrofitting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disconnecting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transporting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Servicing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deconstructing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Measuring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleaning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyzing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predicting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protecting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing </li></ul></ul>+energy© Buildings & +energy© Communities Summary: Why? Survival + Partial Spectrum of Effort Required:
    48. 48. End Slide – Thank You

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