Backpacking Tourism Juan Archanco GalíndezEnglish for Tourism IV, January 2012 Laura López - Cifuentes Ortiz Inmaculada Cano Abellán Roberto Rodriguez Garrote
THE HISTORY OF BACKPACKING• 1968 National Scenic Trail Act• Giovani Careri traveled around the world during 5 years.• The Grand Tour trip around Europe undertaken by european young men.
The term “Backpacker” The term backpacker is extensively used by this market in Australia and New Zealand. In recent years, it has begun to beused overseas, primarily by people setting up hostels and tours.However, it might be misunderstood in some regions like the US where it is used to describe a bushwalker. Budget travel or independent travelers’ are alternative phrases.Backpackers spend more, travel further and stay longer than other travellers. The backpacking sector in NSW is about attracting more adventurous and independent international travellers intoregional areas, through the development of more must see and do experiences.
Backpacker’s profile (I) Age: mostly in their late teens, twenties and earlythirties, usually during holidays or ina gap year between high school and college. Studies: usually upper studies, at least high school.
Backpacker’s profile (II) Income: broad range, usually students do not have much moneyand depend on their families; therefore we can say low to medium income. However more and more people that have joined thebackpacker’s community are older people with more money. They have created the latest trend: flashpacking, which is a more expensive and higher standard backpacking. Lifestyle and personality: open minded with hunger for meeting new cultures and discovering new places. Independent, problem solvers, flexible, easy going and romantic. Motivation: anthropologic, documentary interest, the search for new experiences, self-actualization, hunt of authenticity, getting the best from each place, etc.
Personal Experiences (I)As there is an almost infinite possible combination of places, dates andprices, we are goingto do this part based on an actual 22 day interrail around 11different countries inEurope (June 2010).
Personal Experiences (III) Day 1:Flight Madrid > Charleroi Train to Brussels Nights in hotel (**) Stroll around Brussels Day 2: Train and visit to Gant and Bruges
Personal Experiences (IV) Day 3: Train to Maastricht Night in a friend’s house.Day 4: Train to London, underthe English Channel. Arrival to London and CS’er place.
Personal Experiences (V)Day 4, 5, 6 & 7: Visit toLondon Stayed at polish CSer’s place and at David’s place. Day 7, & 8: Train to Edinburgh (via York) Long way, train driver sick. Stayed at Inma’s hostel.
Personal Experiences (VI)Day 8 & 9: Train to Inverness (Loch Ness Lake) Night at Inverness Bed & Breakfast Day 9 & 10: Train to Aberdeen Night at CSer’s place (german girl) Train back to Edinburgh Night at Inma’s Hostel
Personal Experiences (VII) Day 11 & 12: Missed the plane to Dublin: change ofplans. Trip to Stranraer Ferry to Belfast Late nightarrival, night at Holiday Inn (****)
Personal Experiences (VIII) Day 12, 13 & 14: Train to Dublin Night at 2 hostelsFree tour Pub-crawl Day 14: Flight to Oslo, Train to Göteborg (broken). Night at hostel.
Personal Experiences (IX) Day 15 & 16: Visit to Liseberg (Scandinavia’s biggest amusement park). Night Train from Göteborg to Stockholm, Sundsvall and Storlien
Personal Experiences (X) Day 17 & 18: Storlien, Ǻre cable- car, train to Trondheim, met CSer there, night train back to Oslo.
Personal Experiences (XI) Day 18: Amusement park: Tusenfryd. Plane to Gdansk delayed (no taxi nor bus, no local currency). Night train to Katowice Day 19: Visit to KatowiceTrain to Salzburg (night @ Prague)
Personal Experiences (XII) Day 20, 21 & 22: Visit to Salzburg Cable car “The Sound of Music”
Personal Experiences (XIII) Day 22: Train to Milano (via Verona) Flight back to Madrid TOTAL: 9,800 Km (straight line)
Budget We have omitted prices for F&B as well as other activities (museums, public transport within the cities, etc.) due to the huge difference of prices among European countries. As an example: a small bottle of water in Norway was around 5€ vs. Poland which was around 0.50€ Still, you can survive with around 15€ per day which will be a grand total of 799€. So, all in all, it will be quite difficult to find an all-inclusive 3 week package, visiting 12 countries (Belgium, Netherlands, UK, Scot land, Northern Ireland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden , Poland, Czech Republic, Austria and Italy) for less than one thousand Euros.
SWOT Analysis Is a strategic planning method use to evaluate the strengths, weaknesses/limitations, opportunities and threats involved in a project or in a business venture.
Strengths• 1) More money is spent due to the duration of the trip• 2) It focuses on a wider geographical area• 3) More money is spent on locally produced goods and services• 4) Significant multiplier effects• 5) Revitalization of traditional culture• 6) Backpackers are more environmentally friendly• 7) Local tourism competes with foreign domination
Strengths• 1) More money is spent due to the duration of the trip. Backpackers spend more money than other tourists because they stay longer in a place (Europe) (between two weeks and one month)
Strengths• 2) It focuses on a wider geographical area, more money is spent, including remote, economically depressed or isolated regions
Strengths• 3) More money is spent on locally produced goods and services. Backpacking tourists do not demand luxury therefore; they spend more on locally produced goods (such as food) and services (transport, homestay accommodation)
Strengths• 4) There are significant multiplier effects from drawing on local skills and resources. In this way local people gain self-fulfillment through running their own tourism enterprises rather than filling in menial positions in enterprises run by outside operators
Strengths• 5) Revitalization of traditional culture. The interest of backpackers in meeting and learning from local people can lead to a revitalization of traditional culture, respect for the knowledge of elders and pride in traditional aspects of one’s culture.
Strengths• 6) Backpackers are more environmentally friendly. Backpackers use fewer resources (like cold showers and fans rather than hot baths and air conditioning), therefore, kinder to the environment than other tourists.
Strengths• 7) Local tourism competes with foreign domination.
Weaknesses/limitations• 1) Backpackers do not rely on tour operators• 2) Enterprises catering for backpackers are small• 3) Interaction with locals is of secondary importance• 4) Backpackers spend less money• 5) Prejudices and stereotypes on backpackers by locals
Weaknesses/limitations• 1) Backpackers do not rely on tour operators who hold their hands.
Weaknesses/limitations• 2) Enterprises catering for backpackers are small
Weaknesses/limitations• 3) Interaction with locals is of secondary importance. The majority of backpackers spend most of the time interacting with other backpackers.
Weaknesses/limitations• 4) Backpackers spend less money, in terms of stay, they spend less money than other tourists
Weaknesses/limitations• 5) Prejudices on backpackers by locals due to some locals have prejudices and fixed stereotypes towards backpackers.
Opportunities• 1) No frontier controls at the borders between 22 EU countries.• 2) The power of Internet in order to organize their own backpacking experience• 3) Globalization
Opportunities• 1) No frontier controls at the borders between 26 EU countries, so it is clear that they have no problems in entering Europe and this is thanks to the Schengen rules which are part of EU law
Opportunities• 2) The power of Internet in order to organize their own backpacking experience
Opportunities• 3) Globalization refers to the increasingly global relationships of culture, people and economic activity.• Environmental challenges such as climate change, cross-boundary water and air pollution and over-fishing of the ocean, require trans- national/global solutions
Threats• 1) Some governments don’t recognize enough the economic benefits backpackers can bring• 2) The increase of the travel’s costs• 3) Money exchange
Threats• 1) Some governments don’t recognize enough the economic benefits backpackers can bring
Threats• 2) The increase of the travel’s costs, fuel prices have increased significantly in recent years and are likely to stay high in the future. Between 2003 and 2008 average U.S. gasoline retail prices more than doubled.
Threats• 3) Money exchange, Nineteen European countries — and more than 330 million people — use the same currency. Using euros, tourists and locals can easily compare prices of goods between countries. And we no longer lose money or time changing money at borders.
Conclusions• Backpacking is a type of tourism that has been going on for over 200 years• Very liberal type of tourism, not planned and it adjusts to a low budget• Flashpacking: more luxurious type of tourism, not only for young people• Backpacking is possible thanks to the increasing emergence of low cost air companies, improvements in the railway system, internet and a wide range of accommodation.
FUTURE TENDENCIES• Flashpacking travel with luxury accomodation and transport.• Gap-packing young europeans who leave after finishing high school and return back in time for college or a new job.