Cordoba is a city of Andalucia, it is placed in the valley of Guadalquivir by the site of Sierra Morena. It is a city of maderate size which was capital of province during the Roman and Moslem Empire. Its old quarter was declared patrimony of the humanity and is the candidate to be city of culture in 2016.
In Cordoba have lived together three cultures that left three important philosophers like:
The roman Seneca
The jude Maimonedes
Or poets such us Lucano, Luis de Gongora and Juan de Mena.
In this pretty city, we will find great cultural patrimony. Interesting monuments:
THE CATHEDRAL – MOSQUE.
It is considered the most important monument of Cordoba, it was built on the old basilica of San Vicente. The acces to the mosque through the pardon’s door, of mudejar style.
First, we will find the Oranges tree’s courtyard.
In the building we are going to find 830 columns. Since his visigode origins the mosque has had a lot of transformations .
The horseshoe’s arch is the most important art representation in this building.
Abd Ar-Rahaman I. He built the main structure of the mosque.
Abd Ar-Rahaman II. He built the first ampliation to the river Guadalquivir, and this generated a demographic increase.
Abd Ar-Rahaman III. He built the new alminar and made a ampliation of the courtyard.
Al – Hakan II. He made a more luxurious extension.
Almanzor. He carried out the biggest extension.
Christian conquest. The mosque turned into a cathedral.
It was built by Abd Ar-Raman III to her wife. It’s a palace-city, placed by the side of Sierra Morena. It has three areas:
Middle terrace. (Garden and leisures.)
ALCAZAR DE LOS REYES CATOLICOS
Building built as a califal residence and the following a Christian residence. It’s a fortress, with four towers. Now in this building a lot of events take place such as marriages or expositions.