Forensic presentation

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  • Corporate Principals
  • Forensic presentation

    1. 1. Service that will free your mind Global Solution to: Fire and Explosion Investigation Root Cause Analysis Metallurgical Analysis Non Destructive Testing Disaster Recovery www.approvedgroup.biz 24-Hour Hotline: +603-61886311
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Part 1: </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to Approved Group </li></ul><ul><li>Scope of Approved Forensics investigations </li></ul><ul><li>Two cases involving human involvement </li></ul>
    3. 3. Agenda <ul><li>Part 1 – cont’d </li></ul><ul><li>The Investigation Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific Method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hypothesis development and testing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Incendiary Fire Identified </li></ul><ul><li>Indicators of fire by management </li></ul><ul><li>Where to from Here </li></ul>
    4. 4. Agenda <ul><li>Part 2: - Disaster Recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Is it contaminated? Or is it damaged? </li></ul><ul><li>Restore or replace? </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Evaluation and Reports </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Is </li></ul><ul><li>Agile and Effective </li></ul><ul><li>Customer Focused </li></ul><ul><li>Time and Cost Efficient </li></ul>
    6. 6. The Approved Forensics Team
    7. 7. <ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Members of: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Institution of Fire Engineers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International Association of Arson Investigators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Certified Fire and Explosion Investigators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Forensic Science Society </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corporate Member of: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Fire Protection Association </li></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Business Visa 21 May 2012
    9. 9. Why use Approved Forensics ? <ul><ul><li>What </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who/Why </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk Improvement </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. We Investigate: Fires
    11. 11. We Investigate: Explosions
    12. 12. We Investigate and Reconstruct Vehicle Accidents, and Identify Suspect Vehicles
    13. 13. We Investigate: Mechanical, Electrical and Electronic Failures
    14. 14. We Conduct: Metallurgical Analysis
    15. 15. We Provide: Non Destructive Testing <ul><li>In-situ metallography </li></ul><ul><li>Ultrasonic inspection </li></ul><ul><li>Magnetic Particle Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Liquid Penetrant Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Radiography </li></ul><ul><li>Portable Hardness </li></ul>
    16. 16. Why Use Approved Forensics Continued…. <ul><li>Risk Improvement (Before and/or Post Fire) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire Protection and Security Surveys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Product Storage Procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Case Reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Court Appearances </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic Advice to Representing Council </li></ul><ul><li>Questions for Opposing Experts </li></ul><ul><li>Case Presentations to the Insurance Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Presentations to a variety of audiences as an Invited Speaker </li></ul>
    17. 17. All fire causes are considered and where appropriate eliminated before Intentional Fire Initiation can be proven… <ul><li>Electrical Failure/s </li></ul><ul><li>Lightning </li></ul><ul><li>Static Electricity </li></ul><ul><li>Cooking Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Hot Works – Welding, Friction, Cutting and Grinding </li></ul>
    18. 18. Fire Causation Elimination Process Continued… <ul><li>Careless Use of Smoking Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Praying altars / Candles / Animal Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Human Involvement - Accidental or Negligence </li></ul><ul><li>Spontaneous Combustion and Auto Ignition </li></ul>
    19. 19. Case One Computer Training School Kuala Lumpur 17 September 2006
    20. 20. Executive Summary <ul><li>Fire was reported on Sunday, 17 th September 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Approved Restorers was appointed for restoring computers in a training school </li></ul><ul><li>Suspicion was raised when we noticed irregular burn patterns. </li></ul><ul><li>The Insurer/Adjuster was alerted </li></ul><ul><li>Approved Forensics was appointed on Tuesday, 19 th September 2006 </li></ul>
    21. 21. Layout Plan of Computer Training School
    22. 22. What can you observe? Computer Lab Newspaper Heat Damage Newspaper
    23. 23. What can you observe? Newspaper Computer Lab Newspaper
    24. 24. What can you observe? <ul><li>Computer Lab – Ceiling Board </li></ul>Burnt Newspaper Newspaper
    25. 25. What can you observe? <ul><li>Administration Room </li></ul><ul><li>Praying Room </li></ul>Fire Seat Fire Seat
    26. 26. <ul><li>Computer Lab </li></ul>What can you observe? Melted Plastic Missing Items?
    27. 27. What can you observe? <ul><li>Director’s Room </li></ul>
    28. 28. What can you observe? <ul><li>Front Entrance/Exit </li></ul><ul><li>Rear Entrance/Exit </li></ul>
    29. 29. Individual Fires Found
    30. 30. Summary… <ul><li>All accidental causes of fire were eliminated </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Spread intended by the strategic placement of combustible material such as newspaper and company documents throughout the premises </li></ul><ul><li>Fire in computer laboratories self-extinguished due to the lack of oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>Praying room fire extinguished by the Fire and Rescue Department </li></ul><ul><li>A total of nineteen (19) fires independent of each other were identified in six (6) rooms </li></ul>
    31. 31. … Summary <ul><li>Break-in at front entrance by Fire and Rescue Department and no other break-in observed </li></ul><ul><li>This indicates the perpetrator/s had key access to the premises </li></ul><ul><li>Use of forged certification </li></ul><ul><li>Business not viable </li></ul><ul><li>Business not operating for several years </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire : Human Intervention with strong indication of the involvement of management </li></ul>
    32. 32. Conclusion <ul><li>Fire commenced due to deliberate human act of fire initiation aided by the use of available combustible material (newspaper and company documents) to aid in the commencement, development and spread of the fire. </li></ul>
    33. 33. Case Two Garment Retail Shop Fire Rawang, Selangor 22 May 2009
    34. 34. Executive Summary <ul><li>On Friday, 22 nd May 2009 at about 0000 hours, the owners of a retail Garment Shop, were alerted by an unknown motorcyclist, that their shop was on fire </li></ul><ul><li>At that time, the owners were allegedly in their house </li></ul><ul><li>The motorcyclist travelled for about 10 minutes from the burning shop to the owners’ house to inform them about the fire. </li></ul>
    35. 36. Identification of the Premises <ul><li>Divided into two (2) sections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Front section: area for retailing garments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rear section: over counter used by the employees to keep and store their personnel belonging and a room for the employees to pray </li></ul></ul>
    36. 38. Security of the Premises <ul><li>Front entrance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>secured with a double roller shutter </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rear entrance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>secured with a metal door padlocked from within the shop and one roller shutter which is secured with a metal lock mechanism </li></ul></ul>
    37. 41. Power Plug Fire Damaged Stock
    38. 42. Possible Cause of Fire <ul><li>Fire due to Lightning Strike </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruled out </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fire due to Praying Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruled out </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fire due to Cooking Apparatus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruled out </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fire due to Careless Use of Smoking Material </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruled out </li></ul></ul>
    39. 43. Soot Deposit Clear V Pattern Base of the V Pattern
    40. 45. <ul><li>1 and 2 : Location of samples taken. </li></ul><ul><li>a : Stack of garment stocks against the wall. </li></ul><ul><li>b : The wall plug connecting to the extension cord, which connects to </li></ul><ul><li> the iron at the rear section of the shop. </li></ul><ul><li>c : Location of charred door due to extensive burning shown by the V </li></ul><ul><li> pattern, the red line in the figure. </li></ul><ul><li>d : Alleged location of the paint thinner. </li></ul>
    41. 47. Issues with the Owner’s Statement <ul><li>The identity of the motorcyclist unknown </li></ul><ul><li>A perfect stranger just happened to be at the shop whilst it was on fire and decided to travel to an unknown address to alert the owners who were unknown to him </li></ul>
    42. 48. Conclusion <ul><li>Fire commenced due to the deliberate human act of fire initiation aided by the use of toluene, an ignitable liquid, to aid in initiation, development and spread of the fire. </li></ul>
    43. 49. The Investigation Process <ul><li>Scientific Method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify Problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Define Problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collect Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyse Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop Hypothesis (Inductive Reasoning) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test Hypothesis (Deductive Reasoning) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select Final Hypothesis (Conclusion) </li></ul></ul>
    44. 50. Reporting Conclusions <ul><li>Conclusive – at this level of confidence, all reasonable alternative hypotheses have been considered and eliminated </li></ul><ul><li>Probable – at this level of confidence, the chance that the hypothesis is true is more than 50% </li></ul>
    45. 51. Reporting Conclusions <ul><li>Possible - at this level of confidence, the hypothesis can be said to be feasible but cannot be declared probable in cases where two or more hypotheses are equally alike </li></ul><ul><li>Suspected – at this level of confidence, corresponds to a perception that the hypothesis may be true, but there is insufficient data to draw a conclusion to the exclusion of any other reasonable conclusion </li></ul>
    46. 52. Principal Reference Guide
    47. 53. Incendiary Fire Identified <ul><li>Once an incendiary fire has been determined then the Insurance provider will want to know if it was initiated by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Management / owner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outsider </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Normal Fire policies will be paid if the fire was initiated by a person or persons other than the owner or management </li></ul>
    48. 54. Indicators of Involvement by Management / Owner Disconnected Water Pipes from Fire Fighting Water Pump Prior to Fire
    49. 55. Indicators of Involvement by Management and/or Owner Disconnected Phone Lines from the Intruder Alarm
    50. 56. Indicators of Involvement by Management and/or Owner Key Examination – Identified Unauthorised Duplication of keys
    51. 57. Indicators of Involvement by Management and/or Owner Examination of lock found at site – not forced but opened with key
    52. 58. Indicators of Involvement by Management and/or Owner Lock Examination – No sign of Forced Entry
    53. 59. Indicators of Involvement by Management and/or Owner Round Wire for Cotton Bales Found where they should be Square
    54. 60. Indicators of Involvement by Management and/or Owner <ul><li>Business is not viable / in debt </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance cover increased prior to the fire </li></ul><ul><li>Management have alibis for the time of the fire </li></ul><ul><li>Low quantities of stock </li></ul><ul><li>Stock removed prior to the fire </li></ul>
    55. 61. Indicators of Involvement by Management and/or Owner <ul><li>Property/Machines of significant value have been removed prior to the fire </li></ul><ul><li>CCTV switched off at the time of the fire </li></ul><ul><li>Intruder alarm switched off at the time of the fire </li></ul><ul><li>Office is damaged destroying all records </li></ul><ul><li>Security guards stood down for the shift when the fire occurred </li></ul>
    56. 62. Indicators of Involvement by Management and/or Owner <ul><li>Restricted possession of keys </li></ul><ul><li>Restricted key holders </li></ul><ul><li>Secured premises whereby fire fighters had to break in to fight the fire </li></ul><ul><li>Relatives/friend/member of management is burnt during the fire </li></ul><ul><li>Ignitable liquid is found at one or more sites on the premises when it is not normally stored on the premises </li></ul>
    57. 63. 6 Reasons to Appoint Approved Forensics <ul><li>Trained and Qualified Forensic Staff </li></ul><ul><li>Quick Response </li></ul><ul><li>Complete Investigation Supported by Evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Timely Completion of a Detailed Report </li></ul><ul><li>APEC Business Visa </li></ul><ul><li>Special Fees with Minimum Costs </li></ul>
    58. 64. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul><ul><li>Questions! </li></ul>
    59. 65. Service that will free your mind Global Solution to: Fire and Explosion Investigation Root Cause Analysis Metallurgical Analysis Non Destructive Testing Disaster Recovery www.approvedgroup.biz 24-Hour Hotline: +603-61886311

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