Mirrors shift in piety, literature, and the lifestyle of the nobility towards emotional intensity and refinement
Structural engineering advances allowed for greater height and took the weight off the walls allowing for the installation of large windows
Gothic Cathedrals: 2 major features
Notre Dame, Paris, ca. 1250, nave & choir
Inspiring mystical, emotional experience using light and height
Abbot Suger: creates the Gothic style at St. Denis Choir, St. Denis, 1140s **First church space to focus on making the ceiling higher and the interior more filled with light **Beginning of new style of church design in France
The Gothic Style Emerges Tree of Jesse, window at St. Denis **educational **symbolic of God’s light in your life
Royal Chapel of St. Chapelle, Paris, begun 1240s
Sainte Chapelle, interior
Rose Window : A circular window composed of patterned tracery arranged in petal-like formation.
The good, of course, is always beautiful, and the beautiful never lacks proportion. --- Plato Rose Window Chartres Cathedral, Paris
Notre Dame Cathedral **Exterior of cathedrals are also part of the educational program **Numerous relief and partially free-standing sculptures cover the front and sides of the structure—all carefully planned to be part of an overall religious program
Notre Dame, portal carvings
HEIGHT Structural Elements
Rib Vault : A relatively thin stone vault set within a framework of ribs.
Cathedrals were usually oriented along an east-west axis. The main entrance was on the west end while the liturgical stuff (altar, bishop’s throne, etc.) was located in the east end. They had the shape of a Latin cross.
NAVE: the central longitudinal space of a basilican church Basilican Plan (Latin Cross)
AISLE: the space between the columns of the nave and the side wall Nartex NARTHEX: A vestibule leading to the nave of a church, originally separated by a screen
TRANSEPT : an extension across the main axis giving a church the shape of a cross
apse Crossing : area of a church where the nave, choir, and transept intersect Choir: area of the church where the priest performs the mass Apse: vaulted, circular extension or projection at the eastern end of a church