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Gothic Cathedral
 

Gothic Cathedral

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  • GOTHIC VAULTS MYSTERY: The vaults of Gothic’s cathedral have subliminal symbolism. Nobody will get into a Gothic cathedral seeing the temple as before.

    http://webspace.webring.com/people/or/ramonetriu/gotic-enigmatic.html
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  • ARCHITECTONIC SYSTEM TO OFFERS A SUBLIMINAL FACE OF CHRIST

    In the church of Fraga (Aragon-Spain) were tested vaulted new techniques to suggest the Jesus face. http://webspace.webring.com/people/or/ramonetriu/gotico-enigmatico.html

    SPANISH TEXT BELOW :

    ARQUITECTONICO SISTEMA PARA OFRECER UNA SUBLIMINAL CARA DE CRISTO

    En la iglesia de Fraga (ARAGON-España) se ensayaron nuevas técnicas de abovedado para sugerir un rostro de Jesús. http://webspace.webring.com/people/or/ramonetriu/gotico-enigmatico.html

    ROSTRO SUBLIMINAL: En la iglesia de Fraga (ARAGON-España) ensayaron sugerir un rostro de Jesús. http://webspace.webring.com/people/or/ramonetriu/gotico-enigmatico.html
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  • OUTSTANDING!!! Rare combination of beautiful AND educational! Thank you!
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    Gothic Cathedral Gothic Cathedral Presentation Transcript

    • The Gothic Cathedral
    • THE GOTHIC CATHEDRAL OBJECTIVES
      • Understand the key structural components of the Gothic cathedral
      • Explain the origins of the Gothic style
      • Analyze the cathedral as an interactive environment
      • Explain the symbolic properties of light and height in the Gothic cathedral
    • Ille de France region
    • Notre Dame, Paris, 1163-1267 THE GOTHIC CATHEDRAL
    • Romanesque style: Ste. Marie, Souillac, France. c. 1130
    • Gothic style: Abbey Church of St. Denis, France, 1220s
    • Gothic Cathedral Architectural Style
      • Began in France in the 12 c .
      • Pointed arches.
      • Flying buttresses.
      • Stained glass windows.
      • Elaborate, ornate interior.
      • Taller, more airy  lots of light.
      • Lavish sculpture  larger-than-life .
    • Development of Gothic Cathedrals
      • Urban revolution: civic pride, rising wealth, intense urban piety
      • Mirrors shift in piety, literature, and the lifestyle of the nobility towards emotional intensity and refinement
      • Structural engineering advances allowed for greater height and took the weight off the walls allowing for the installation of large windows
    • Gothic Cathedrals: 2 major features
      • LIGHT
      • HEIGHT
    • Notre Dame, Paris, ca. 1250, nave & choir
    • Interactive Elements
      • Educational program
      • Inspiring mystical, emotional experience using light and height
    • Abbot Suger: creates the Gothic style at St. Denis Choir, St. Denis, 1140s **First church space to focus on making the ceiling higher and the interior more filled with light **Beginning of new style of church design in France
    • The Gothic Style Emerges Tree of Jesse, window at St. Denis **educational **symbolic of God’s light in your life
    • Royal Chapel of St. Chapelle, Paris, begun 1240s
    • Sainte Chapelle, interior
    • Rose Window : A circular window composed of patterned tracery arranged in petal-like formation.
    • The good, of course, is always beautiful, and the beautiful never lacks proportion. --- Plato Rose Window Chartres Cathedral, Paris
    •  
    • Notre Dame Cathedral **Exterior of cathedrals are also part of the educational program **Numerous relief and partially free-standing sculptures cover the front and sides of the structure—all carefully planned to be part of an overall religious program
    •  
    • Notre Dame, portal carvings
    •  
    • Cathedral Gargoyles
    • HEIGHT Structural Elements
      • Rib Vaults
      • Pointed Arches
      • Flying Buttresses
    • Rib Vault : A relatively thin stone vault set within a framework of ribs.
    • Amiens, nave vaulting, 1220-1247 Nave height: 140 feet
    • Flying Buttress : a free-standing support attached to the outer walls to resist the lateral thrust of a vault Amiens Cathedral Nave cross section
    • Flying Buttress
    • Amiens Cathedral, buttressing
    • Computer graphic: Amiens Source: Amiens Cathedral Project
    • Basilican Floor Plan (Latin Cross)
      • Cathedrals were usually oriented along an east-west axis. The main entrance was on the west end while the liturgical stuff (altar, bishop’s throne, etc.) was located in the east end. They had the shape of a Latin cross.
    • NAVE: the central longitudinal space of a basilican church Basilican Plan (Latin Cross)
    • AISLE: the space between the columns of the nave and the side wall Nartex NARTHEX: A vestibule leading to the nave of a church, originally separated by a screen
    • TRANSEPT : an extension across the main axis giving a church the shape of a cross
    • apse Crossing : area of a church where the nave, choir, and transept intersect Choir: area of the church where the priest performs the mass Apse: vaulted, circular extension or projection at the eastern end of a church
    • Which Interior Is Which?
    • Which Cathedral Style Is Which?