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THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION 1917-1918• February Revolution 1917• Czar Nicholas II and family killed- Bolshevik Revolution• October Revolution• Lenin takes over after Trotsky is banished and Bolsheviks gain total control• Communist society• Lenin dies• “Absolute power corrupts absolutely”
THE LEADERSHead Figures During the Revolution
4/26memberskilled fromwar orsuicide
LENIN• Leader of Bolsheviks• Was always a known head figure• Had several followers• Was exiled but came back during the revolution to be commander• Major rebel leader• “Stalin’s boss”• Died 7 years into rule• 5 year period between leaders
TROTSKY• Was in charge of communist troops during the revolution• Held power for a short time• People pleaser• Was overthrown• Exiled to Mexico• Lenin put in charge• Killed in 1940• Seen as scapegoat
STALIN• Reigned 1929-1953• “Man of Steel”• Ruled with an iron fist• Tricked people when he was younger during the revolution that he was dumb, when really he was using them to gain rank• He fooled Truman• More like a dictator than a guiding leader• Started Cold War
THE AFTERMATH WWII-Cold War
SIDE-TAKING WORLD WAR II• America and USSR were allies• We disapproved of government system (duh)• Stalin, Stalin, Stalin- ruled for the entire 24 year period including WWII• Purges• They did not like Britain, but they cooperated with them for the time being• Fought against Nazism, Fascism• Rough years• Still trying to rebuild the country after the Revolution• Poor, hungry people everywhere
WHAT HAPPENED?• Stalin started to disagree with Great Britain (Winston Churchill) about D-Day• He wanted it to happen earlier so that the Soviet Union could focus on the rehabilitation of its country and people• UK and US waited until when they thought was the right time• It worked, but Stalin was MAD at Britain and broke the alliance with them• US didn’t like that• Stalin broke our alliance• We threatened with nuclear war• They threatened back….• Cold War• The same repetitive silent scares occurred for the rest of Stalin’s rule (1953) and after
THROUGH THE EYES OF A YOUNG AMERICAN I interviewed my grandparents, and here is their recollection of the Cold War• A generally happy time before the threats, between WWII-Cold War• Constant silent threat from Russia- they were the “bad guys”• Possible enemy, no real fights• Bombing protection practices in school• Shelters built, food stocks, rations• The Civil Defense- a volunteer group to help people with protection, like Homeland Security now• Siren/warning tests• “Communist” was the worst name you could say• Worries until the 60’s, thought of it as pointless afterward
THE ANSWER TO MY QUESTION Without the Russian Revolution, WWII would have gone totally different, they might still be under the rule of a Romanov, there would not have been a Cold War, andthe Space Race may not have happened. Allin all I think that even though it was not our revolution, America was very greatly effected by it in the long run.
CITATIONS• “Russian Revolution” www.wikipedia.org• “Cold War” www.wikipedia.org• Google Images• www.kuriostas.com• Oral Source Robert and Margaret Nicholson• President Harry Truman. Televised. 9/8/61• Michael Kort. Russia. New York. Facts on File, Inc. 1995• Robert W. Thurston. Life and Terror in Stalin’s Russia. Yale University campus. Yale University. 1996• Brian Crozier. The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Empire. Rocklin, California. Forum. 1999• Author Unknown. Rise of the Cold War (1950-1980). Proquest LLC. 2011. Intro• Author Unknown. Joseph Stalin. New York Times. March 6, 1953. Page 22• Harrison E. Salisbury. Premier Ill 4 Days. New York Times. March 6, 1953. Page 1