Julius caesar and the gallic commentaries
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Julius caesar and the gallic commentaries Julius caesar and the gallic commentaries Presentation Transcript

  • Julius Caesar and the Gallic Commentaries
  • Gallia (Gaul) is modern day France! Gaul!
  • PROPAGANDA!!!!!!!!!!1!!!!!!!!
    • information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc.
    • 8/9 YEARS OF FIGHTING BETWEEN ROMAN PEOPLE AND GALLIC PEOPLE. (59-50BCE)
    • CONQUEST IS ONE OF THE BEST KNOWN EPISODES IN ROMAN HISTORY, THANKS TO THE DETAILED WRITINGS OF CAESAR HIMSELF.
    • BEST ACCOUNT OF WARFARE EVER WRITTEN BY A ROMAN
  • Julius Caesar’s Consulship Ends
    • Julius Caesar is Consul in 59 BCE
    • Consul = President. There were 2 in ancient Rome.
    • Because of a system of checks and balances, a consul had to leave Rome and govern another province in the republic, so as not to get too much power.
  • Druids Druids – Religious leaders who controlled civil, legal and educational affairs throughout Gaul.
  • Vercingetorix Greatest general of the Gallic People
  • Siege at Alesia – 52 BCE Deciding Battle of the War
  • The Gallic Conquest and its effects on the world.
    • After the war was over, Vercingetorix was imprisoned and taken to Rome and imprisoned for 6 years until he was lead through the streets in a triumphal procession and executed as a part of ceremony.
    • The immediate effects were that this conquest gave protection from Gallic and German invaders.
  • The Gallic Conquest and its effects on the world. It fixed the boundaries from the Pyrenees Mts to the Rhine River and from the Alps to the Atlantic. It allowed Greco-Italian culture to spread and thus most of Europe became Latinized rather than Germanized. Our culture, our language, art, architecture and government is heavily influenced by Caesar’s invasion of Gaul.
  • Caesar Crosses the Rubicon
    • Caesar was still not allowed back to Rome to become consul again.
    • So Caesar made the difficult decision to cross the Rubicon River and march on Rome, declaring Civil War.( “Crossing the Rubicon” is a metaphor for having to make a difficult decision)
    • As he did so, he uttered “Alea Iacta Est” The die is cast.
    • Caesar is appointed “Dictator Perpetuum”.