Chapter 9: Urinary System Abbreviations Jenny Trace
UTI- Urinary Tract Infection <ul><li>Infection of any urinary system organ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually bacterial (E. Col...
UTI- Continued <ul><li>3 types of infection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>acute pyelonephritis (infection in kidneys) </li></ul></...
UTI- Test and Diagnosis <ul><li>Urinalysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to determine RBC, WBC, and Bacteria count </li></ul>...
 
ARF- Acute Renal Failure <ul><li>Sudden loss of kidney function- eliminating excess fluid, salt, and waste </li></ul><ul><...
ARF- Symptoms <ul><li>Decrease urine output </li></ul><ul><li>Fluid retention which results in swelling of legs, ankles, a...
ARF- Causes <ul><li>Usually caused by acute damage to the kidney or from another condition/disease the decreases blood flo...
 
ARF- Treatments <ul><li>Treating underlying cause/condition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Since ARF can be a secondary disease, it...
BUN- Blood Urea Nitrogen <ul><li>Measures the amount of nitrogen found in the blood in the form of urea </li></ul><ul><li>...
KUB- Kidney, Ureter, Bladder <ul><li>Diagnostic x-ray of the abdomen  </li></ul><ul><li>Does not use any dyes </li></ul><u...
KUB- Continued <ul><li>KUB that had detected a kidney stone </li></ul>
GU- Genitourinary <ul><li>Alternate term for the urinary system </li></ul><ul><li>Filters and removes waste products from ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Chapter 9 presentation

695 views
633 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
695
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
11
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 9 presentation

  1. 1. Chapter 9: Urinary System Abbreviations Jenny Trace
  2. 2. UTI- Urinary Tract Infection <ul><li>Infection of any urinary system organ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually bacterial (E. Coli, gastrointestina) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually start in urethra or bladder but can move up to kidneys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More frequent with women because of shorter urethra </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. UTI- Continued <ul><li>3 types of infection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>acute pyelonephritis (infection in kidneys) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms include high fever, shakes and chills, vomiting, upper back and side pain </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cystitis (infection in bladder) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms include blood in urine, frequent urination, pelvic pressure and lower abdomen discomfort </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urethritis (infection in urethra) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms include burning with urination </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. UTI- Test and Diagnosis <ul><li>Urinalysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to determine RBC, WBC, and Bacteria count </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Urine Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to determine what specific bacteria are found and what antibiotics will be most affective </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ultrasound or computer tomography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates images of your urinary tract </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used if doctor suspects any abnormalities of urinary tract of persistent infections </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cystoscopy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cystoscope inserted into your urethra to get a visual image </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. ARF- Acute Renal Failure <ul><li>Sudden loss of kidney function- eliminating excess fluid, salt, and waste </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Results in dangerous levels of fluids, electrolytes and waste in the body. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Onset is usually within a few hours or days. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be fatal and requires immediate treatment </li></ul>
  6. 7. ARF- Symptoms <ul><li>Decrease urine output </li></ul><ul><li>Fluid retention which results in swelling of legs, ankles, and feet </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Drowsiness </li></ul><ul><li>Chest pain </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul>
  7. 8. ARF- Causes <ul><li>Usually caused by acute damage to the kidney or from another condition/disease the decreases blood flow to kidneys </li></ul><ul><li>Diseases/conditions that decrease blood flow to kidneys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coronary disease, severe dehydration, liver cirrhosis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diseases/conditions that damage kidneys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lupus, blood clots, scleroderma </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diseases/conditions that block urine from leaving the body </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kidney stones, bladder cancer, prostate cancer, cervical cancer </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. ARF- Treatments <ul><li>Treating underlying cause/condition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Since ARF can be a secondary disease, it is important to treat the original condition </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treating complications while the kidneys heal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dialysis- removes toxins that build up in the body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medications to balance blood calcium or potassium levels </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. BUN- Blood Urea Nitrogen <ul><li>Measures the amount of nitrogen found in the blood in the form of urea </li></ul><ul><li>Test used to evaluate kidney function </li></ul><ul><li>Often used in conjuncture with creatine test </li></ul><ul><li>Elevated levels can suspect renal failure. </li></ul>
  10. 12. KUB- Kidney, Ureter, Bladder <ul><li>Diagnostic x-ray of the abdomen </li></ul><ul><li>Does not use any dyes </li></ul><ul><li>Also called a flat-plate abdomen </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used to diagnose gallstones and kidney stones </li></ul>
  11. 13. KUB- Continued <ul><li>KUB that had detected a kidney stone </li></ul>
  12. 14. GU- Genitourinary <ul><li>Alternate term for the urinary system </li></ul><ul><li>Filters and removes waste products from the blood. </li></ul><ul><li>Waste materials produced and excreted as urine </li></ul><ul><li>Considered the hardest working system in the body </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Waste can quickly become toxic to the blood if not eliminated quickly. </li></ul></ul>

×