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Determining practicing and prospective teachers’ self-efficacy in TPACK in the science domain
Petra Fisser, Joke Voogt, Bart Ormel, Chantal Velthuis & Jo Tondeur, University of Twente, The Netherlands, Edith Stein University of Applied Sciences, The Netherlands, University of Ghent, Belgium
Teachers’ beliefs, practices and attitudes are important for understanding and improving educational processes, because they are closely linked to teachers’ challenges in their daily professional life. Self-efficacy (Bandura, 1977) seems to play a major role in this. In this study we look at teachers' self-efficacy towards the domain of science education and towards technology integration in this domain. Since most students who enter pre-service elementary school training in the Netherlands graduated from secondary school without science-related courses, many lack any foundational science knowledge. This contributes to their (absence of) confidence to teach science, and it also delimits their science-teaching related PCK. In a recent study Fisser, Ormel and Velthuis (submitted) measured teachers' beliefs, attitudes and self-efficacy in relation to science education in primary education, based on a Dutch version of the Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument (STEBI) (Riggs & Enochs, 1990). The results for the pre-service teachers showed that the more pre-service teachers have the opportunity to experience actual teaching in the science domain, the higher the sense of self-efficacy is. Combining science education with technology integration offers even more challenges for teachers. Measuring teachers’ self-efficacy towards technology integration will be done by using a Dutch version of the TPACK survey (Schmidt et al., 2009). This survey will be complimented with the STEBI survey and, because the TPACK survey does not take into account teachers’ beliefs and attitudes towards technology, questions related to the attitude of teachers towards using technology in education will be added. The combined TPACK-STEBI survey will be distributed to Dutch pre-service primary education students and the results will be presented at the SITE symposium.