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8.3 8.3 Presentation Transcript

  • Section 3THE KINGDOM OF AKSUM
  • Aksum 300-700 CEDjenne-Djeno Queen of Sheba250 BCE Int’l TradeBanks of Niger River tributary Adulis on coast; Aksum Inland50,000 ppl Ezana converts Falls to Islam 710 CE Nok Culture 500-200 BCE First iron-smelting Bantu migrations 500 BCE- 1500 CE Searching for new, fertile soil Iron-tipped weapons in territorial wars
  • THE KINGDOM OF AKSUM Eventually Seeking Ivory became to trade in colonies of Persia farmers and traders Brought silk, textiles and spices from eastern trade routes Arab traders established Located in trading what is today settlementsArose and Eritrea andconquered EthiopiaKushkingdom
  • THE LEGEND OF AKSUM• Kingdom of Aksum and Ethiopian royal dynasty traced to King Solomon (Israel) and of the Queen of Sheba (country in S. Arabia) • Dynasty lasted until 20 th century when Haile Selassie died in 1975• 1st mention in 100 CE, Periplus of the Erythraen Sea, describing Zoskales the supposed 1st King who was greedy but intelligent in classical languages• Seized areas of Red Sea and Blue Nile and also lands on the South Western Arabian peninsula
  • AKSUM CONTROLS INTERNATIONAL TRADE
  • A STRONG LEADER EXPANDS THE KINGDOM• Reached to its height b/w 325-360 CE• Ezana- • Conquered Yemen (Arabian Peninsula) • 350- conquered the Kushites, & burned Meroe to the ground• Port City of Adulis provided a diverse cultural heritage • Egypt, Arabia, Greece, Rome, Byza ntine, Persia and India• Greek was the international language of the time
  • AKSUMITE RELIGION Sacrifices of oxen to Animists- Mahrem or Aresworshipped nature & Monotheistic- dead Mahrem (King ancestors descended from him)
  • AKSUM BECOMES CHRISTIAN Ezana was raised by a Christian man from Syria Took the throne & Converted to Christianity and established in as the kingdom’s religion Conversion Longest lasting Today Ethiopia is homestrengthened hold on achievement of to millions of Christians Aksum Aksumites
  • AKSUMITEACHIEVEMENTS • Unique Architecture- carved stone to fit together tightly • Erected monuments, or tomb markers • built to celebrate Aksum achievements • Includes: • False doors, windows, and timber beams carved into the stone • This one is 60 ft tall and one of the largest in the ancient world still standing • Quarried and carved tow to three miles away • Dedicated to the Christian God by Ezna
  • 1st state south of the Only ancient African Sahara to mint its ownkingdom to have a written coin: “May the country be language satisfied” Achievements Dams and holding tanks Terrace farming for water
  • • Islam leaderTHE FALL OF AKSUM Muhammad • Conquered all of Arabia by 632 CE Aksum protected Muhammad’s • 710 destroyed Adulis family during • Conquest cut off Aksum Muslim from its trade conquests (632-750 CE) • Depletion of forests and To avoid Islam Conversion, Aks soil erosion um moved its • Although tremendous in capital over to tech, culture- never the mts. Of n. Ethiopia expanded outside its small area