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18.2 cultural blending the safavid empire
 

18.2 cultural blending the safavid empire

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  • Shah Mosque Isfahan

18.2 cultural blending the safavid empire 18.2 cultural blending the safavid empire Presentation Transcript

  • Safavid Iran 18.2
  • Who were the Safavids?►A Shi’a brotherhood that took over Iran in the 1400s►Root of modern Iran today►Oversaw much cultural blending►Constantly at war with Sunni Ottomans
  • Sunni vs. Shi’a►Ottomans & Safavids fought over control of the Fertile Crescent  Safavids murdered Sunnis  Ottomans murdered Shiites►Root of modern religious turmoil in Iraq today
  • Shah Abbas 1571 - 1629►Ruled during Safavid Golden Age►Rebuilt Isfahan►Borrowed from European, Ottoman, Persian, & Chinese Culture
  • Reforms► Limited military power/created 2 armies loyal to Shah Abbas only► Punished corruption severely, promoted only competent and loyal people► Brought Chinese religious orders into the empire, increased industry, trade, and art throughout Europe
  • Weak Rulers led to swift Decline►Like the Ottomans, the Safavid rulers killed their ablest sons & suffered military losses►By 1722 the Dynasty fell
  • Safavid Legacy►Blended Persian arts with Shi’a Islam►Persiancarpets became world famous
  • Cultural Blending► Language: Persian, however when the area converted to Islam a # of Arabic words were introduced.► Religion& Ethical Systems: Buddhism practiced by Tibetans in different than Japanese Zen Buddihism► Styles of Government: democracy is different per country► Racial/Ethnic blending- mestizo: mixed Euro and Indian ancestry in Mexico► Arts/Architecture: chinese art elements found in Safavid empire tiles and carpets and European paintings