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GIS Technology & Mobile Applications - MTASC 2011 Conference

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  • 1. GIS Technology & Mobile Applications - Impact on IT Systems
    Municipal Technology Association of South Carolina
    Hilton Head Island, SC
    September 22, 2011
    Jim Tochterman, VP – Research & Development
    www.bcs-gis.com
    www.facebook.com/bcsgis
    www.twitter.com/bcsgis
  • 2. What Comprises a Mobile GIS Solution?
    Mobile Hardware
    Software
    Data
    Servers / Infrastructure
  • 3. How Is Esri Advancing Mobile Technology?
    Esri has developed a integrated system of Mobile-based products and SDK’s to help an organization select the appropriate mobile solution for its field tasks and applications.
    These products and SDK’s help reduce the time, cost and complexity of extending GIS solutions to the mobile users and devices of an organizations enterprise system.
    One size does not fit all!
  • 4. Mobile GIS Challenges?
    Increase productivity of the mobile workforce
    Taking/Getting information in & out of the field
    Rapidly changing technology
    Plan for both internal use & public use (crowdsourcing)
    Trade-Offs: Capabilities, Price, Size, Ruggedness, Weight, Outdoor Screen Readability, BATTERY LIFE.
  • 5. Wide Array of Mobile Devices
    iOS
    iPhone
    iPad
    Android
    Phone
    Tablet
    Windows
    Windows Mobile 6.5
    Windows Phone 7
    Tablet
    Blackberry/RIM
  • 6. iPhone (iOS)
    GSM / CDMA
    ArcGIS for iOS
    Ready to Use App
    SDK
    Development
    Deployment
    Pros: Usability, Availability
    Cons: Limited Development Resources, Ruggedness, Expensive
  • 7. iPad (iOS)
    GSM / CDMA / WiFi
    ArcGIS for iOS
    Ready to Use App
    SDK
    Development
    Deployment
    Pros: Usability, Availability
    Cons: Limited Development Resources, Ruggedness, Expensive
  • 8. Android Phone
    Open Development Environment
    GSM / CDMA
    Market Apps
    ArcGIS for Android (Beta)
    Ready to Use App
    SDK
    Development
    Deployment
    Pros: Development Resources, Usability, Availability
    Cons: Ruggedness
  • 9. Android Tablet
    Open Development Environment
    GSM / CDMA / WiFi
    Market Apps
    ArcGIS for Android (Beta)
    Ready to Use App
    SDK
    Development
    Deployment
    Pros: Development Resources, Usability, Availability
    Cons: Ruggedness, Expensive
  • 10. Windows Mobile
    Visual Studio for Development
    ArcPad
    ArcGIS for Windows Mobile
    Ready to Use App
    SDK
    Development
    Deployment
    Pros: Development Resources,
    Availability, Ruggedness
    Cons: Usability, Connectivity
  • 11. Windows Tablet
    Visual Studio for Development
    ArcPad
    ArcGIS for Windows Mobile
    Ready to Use App
    SDK
    Development
    Deployment
    Pros: Development Resources,
    Availability, Ruggedness
    Cons: Usability, Connectivity, Expensive
  • 12. Windows Phone 7
    Visual Studio for Development
    Marketplace Apps
    ArcGIS for Windows Phone
    Ready to Use App
    SDK
    Development
    Deployment
    Focused applications for the Enterprise or Public
    Pros: Development Resources, Usability, Availability
    Cons: New & Not Widely Adopted Yet, Ruggedness, Expensive
  • 13. Blackberry / RIM
  • 14. How Can I Get Started Quickly?
    Identify The Specific Need & Users
    Data Collection and/or Data Serving
    External and/or Public Users
    Identify If Development Resources Are Needed
    COTS
    Custom Applications
    Determine Available Computing Resources Needed
    Hardware (Mobile Devices, Servers, Etc.)
    Bandwidth Requirements
    Leverage Cloud Computing Technologies!
  • 15. So What is Cloud Computing?
    Many different variations and meanings depending on who you ask, but the principle tenets are always:
    Rented physical infrastructure and/or applications
    Shared architecture
    Maintained off premises
    Delivered on demand as a service
    Technology pioneered by Amazon
    Cloud offerings can range from data storage and end-user web applications to other computing services.
  • 16. Traditional vs. Cloud?
    Critical difference is the scalability and elastic nature that cloud services provide. In simpler terms cloud computing allows to:
    Dynamically scale up and quickly scale down for high reliability, quick response times
    Flexibility to handle traffic fluctuations and demand.
  • 17. Cloud Components
    Software as a Service (SaaS)
    End-user applications delivered as a service rather than on premise software
    Salesforce.com -> CRM Software
    Office.com -> Productivity Software
    Apps.Google.com -> Document Creation Services
    ArcGIS.com -> ArcGIS Explorer, Business Analyst Online
    Platform as a Service (PaaS)
    Application platform or middleware as a service that developers can build and deploy custom applications
    SQL Azure -> RDBMS
    ArcGIS.com -> Online API’s
  • 18. Cloud Computing Components
    Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
    Encompasses the hardware and technology for computing power, storage, operating systems, or other infrastructure (shared data centers)
    Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)
    Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3)
    Amazon Elastic Block Volumes (EBS)
    Amazon Relational Data Service (RDS)
    Delivered as off-premises, on demand services rather then dedicated, on-site resources.
  • 19. How Can I Leverage Easily?
  • 20. Things To Understand
    Cloud Applications: Accessed by end-users
    Cloud Platforms: Used by developers
    Public Cloud: Code & data that live in Internet accessible data centers (Amazon, Microsoft, Google, etc.)
    The technology itself has no value. The value comes from how it is used!
  • 21. Why Use Cloud Computing?
    While not everything will move into the cloud, nearly every organization will use, or is using, this approach in some way.
    For GIS users, the cloud opens a number of new possibilities.
    What are they?
    Why might they be better than what I am doing now?
    Why should I care?
  • 22. Benefits and Risks of Cloud Computing
  • 23. How Is Esri Using The Cloud?
    Providing users the ability to deploy ArcGIS Server on AWS.
    Built ArcGIS.com for offering tools and shared data for GIS applications.
    Building Cloud versions of applications: ArcGIS Explorer, ArcLogistics, and Business Analyst Online.
    ArcGIS Server is the platform for delivering GIS Services to software on other systems. Exposed as RESTful web services, SOAP web services. Consumed by clients written in various technologies (JavaScript, Adobe Flex, Microsoft Silverlight).
  • 24. Mobile Security Concerns
    While there are benefits to mobile technology, there are key mobile security concerns:
    Exposure of critical information
    Lost/Stolen Devices
    Viruses & Spam
    In order to safeguard systems and data proper procedures must me in place to avoid a variety of security errors when using mobile devices:
    Use passwords, encryption & remote wipe technology
    Avoid unsecured wireless networkif necessary
  • 25. Conclusion
    Mobile technology is here and it’s effects are widespread. Esri (and others) are providing clear examples of how these technologies can be used:
    using mobile platforms to provide new data collection & access options to internal users and the public (crowdsourcing).
    using mobile platforms to support web sites & applications that provide broadly usable GIS data & tools (ArcGIS.com, private deployments, Marketplace deployments).
    This shift will have an impact on your organization (if not already) in both GIS and/or IT. The time to understand this shift is now.
  • 26. Questions?
  • 27. Want More Information?
    http://aws.amazon.com
    http://resources.arcgis.com/content/arcgisserver/10.0/arcgis-server-amazon
    O’Reilly Book: Cloud Application Architectures (Reese)
    ISBN#: 978-0-596-15636-7
    jtoch@bcs-gis.com
    twitter.com/jtochterman

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