Psychology 102: Summary and review
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Psychology 102: Summary and review



This is the final lecture for this introductory psychology unit. Several of the introductory lectures are on slideshare.

This is the final lecture for this introductory psychology unit. Several of the introductory lectures are on slideshare.



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  • Image source: Unknown Description: The aim of this lecture is to introduce and discuss social psychology and more particularly, social processes, society, and culture. The lecture is targeted at first year undergraduate psychology students. Image source: Unknown Acknowledgements: This lecture is based on previous lectures on social psychology I have given, and partly also on the instructor slides and material provided by Pearson Education for Chapter 11 from Gerrig et al. (2008) Psychology and life (Australian edition).
  • Image source: Cover of Gerrig et al. (2008)
  • Image source: License: Public domain Image source: License: CC-BY-A 2.5 Author:
  • Westen, D., Burton, L., & Kowalski, R. (2006). Psychology . Australian and New Zealand Edition. Queensland: Wiley. Also note: Allport's Classic Definition The scientific study of how the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of people are influenced by the real, imagined, or implied presence of others (Allport)
  • Image sources: License: Public domain Author: License: CC-by-SA 3.0
  • Image sources: License: Public domain Author: License: CC-by-SA 3.0

Psychology 102: Summary and review Psychology 102: Summary and review Presentation Transcript

  • Psychology 102: Review & summary Dr James Neill Centre for Applied Psychology University of Canberra 2009
  • Reading There is no corresponding reading from Gerrig et al. for this review and summary lecture
  • Overview
    • Essay feedback
    • Final exam
    • Review of lectures
    • Evaluation and feedback
  • Essay feedback
    • Average essay mark in Psy 101 = 60.8
    • Average essay mark in Psy 102 = 65.8
    • Range = 20 – 100
  • Abstract (10%)
    • Good abstracts summarised argument, theory, research, and conclusions in ~150 words.
    • Weaker abstracts tended to say what the essay would cover, without actually summarising the content
    • Do not include citations
    • Present on a separate page, following the title page
  • Argument (20%)
    • Answer all parts of the question/topic – don't just pick a couple of convenient examples or aspects
    • Stay on topic – all information needs to be relevant, current and appropriately detailed
    • Viewpoint should be clear, based on literature presented
    • Evidence for both sides of the argument is needed – how else can you reach a logical and concise conclusion?
  • Argument (20%)
    • Introduce the topic and establish the importance
    • State the argument and summarise main ideas
    • Define/explain technical terms
    • Answer the question and stay on topic
    • Main points should follow clearly
    • Summarise main points
  • Theory (20%)
    • Some essays didn't present any theory
    • Some essays only presented one theory
    • Some essays critically examined several relevant theories
  • Research (20%)
    • Link the evidence you provide to your argument – ask “so what?”
    • Critically evaluate
    • It is stronger to summarise a body of research than to simply describe a small number of studies in detail
  • Presentation (20%)
    • Use APA style
    • Use in-text citations
    • Write in your own words – avoid overuse of direct quotes
    • Write in third person (not I, me, we, us, our, you, your etc.)
    • Avoid colloquial language
    • Subjects - use participants
  • References (10%)
    • Reference all ideas that are not your own work (Ask yourself “how do I know this?”)
    • Use peer-reviewed sources (journal articles and edited book chapters)
    • Every citation in essay must be in your reference list and vice versa
  • Other tips
    • Follow APA format
    • Review the marking criteria again before you submit your essay
    • Get someone to proofread
    • Read it aloud to yourself
    • Don’t leave it to the last minute
    • Ask for help – e.g., Academic Skills and Health Learning Resource Centre
  • Academic Skills Program Grammar and Writing Course Aim: Participants become confident and effective writers of academic English Dates: Mon-Fri for 2 weeks 23 Nov – 4 Dec Outline:
    • Sentence level grammar (Punctuation, complex sentences, linking ideas into logical sequences)
    • Generic writing skills (essays/ reports/coherent paragraphs/ punchy introductions and conclusions)
    Cost: $35.00 Enrolments: At the Academic Skills Program
  • Final exam
    • When : 2pm Wed 18th Nov 2009
    • Where : Gymnasium
    • Time : 2 hours
    • Deferred exam applications go to Examinations Office
  • Revising for the exam
    • ~100 multiple choice questions
      • ~9 topics, ~11 questions on each
    • Exam questions will be similar to quiz questions
    • Review main points from each chapter, lecture and tutorial
    • Test yourself – MyPsychLab website quizzes
    • Review weak areas
  • What to bring to the exam
    • Current UC student ID card
    • Lead pencils / sharpener
    • Eraser
    • No other materials permitted
  • What is in the exam?
    • Intercultural & indigenous psych
    • Consciousness
    • Cognitive processes
    • Therapies
    • Sensation & perception
    • Learning
    • Intelligence
    • Motivation
    • Social processes
  • What is psychology? Study of the way people:
    • Think (cognition)
    • Feel (emotions)
    • Behave (actions)
  • Intercultural psychology
    • Intercultural psychology: Recognition of the impact of cultural contexts on psychological processes and explanations.
    • Cultural contexts have a profound effect on psychological functioning.
  • Indigenous psychology
    • Stolen generations
    • Assimilation policies
    • Psychological relevance includes trauma, isolation, abuse, identity, culture, health, services
    • Incorporate this knowledge into our existing theories - broaden constructs and theories to make psychology more relevant to a wider range of people.
  • Mind, consciousness and alternative states
    • Consciousness – an awareness of ourselves and our environment
    • Sleep
      • Circadian rhythm
      • Sleep cycle
      • Sleep deprivation
  • Mind, consciousness and alternative states
    • Sleep disorders
    • Dreams
    • Hypnosis
    • Drugs
      • Psychoactive drugs
    • Near-death experiences
  • Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive processes
    • What is cognition?
    • Concepts
    • Prototypes
    • Language
    • Problem solving
      • Trial & error, algorithm , heuristic, insight
    • Obstacles
      • Confirmation bias, fixation
  • Cognitive processes
    • Decisions and judgements
      • Representative and availability heuristics
      • Overconfidence and framing
    • Belief bias
    • Belief perseverance
  • Therapies for psychological disorders
    • History of therapeutic treatment for psychological disorders
    • How psychodynamic, behaviour, cognitive, humanistic, biomedical, and group therapies work
  • Sensation
    • Sensation = signals from the environment turned into neural signals
    • Absolute threshold & difference threshold
    • Signal detection theory
    • Subliminal stimulation
    • Sensory adaptation
  • Sensation
    • Vision
      • Light – wavelength and amplitude
      • Eye
      • Bottom-up & top-down processing
      • Colour vision
    • Sound
    • Touch - pain & gate-control theory
    • Taste
    • Smell
    • Kinethesis & the Vestibular system
  • Perception
    • Organisation of sensory information into something meaningful
    • Selective attention
    • Perceptual organisation
      • Form perception
      • Depth perception
      • Motion perception
  • Perception
    • Perceptual interpretation
    • Perceptual illusions
    • Perceptual adaptation
    • Perceptual set
    • Concepts/schemas
    • Human factors psychology
    • ESP
  • 5 minute break – have a stretch
  • Learning
    • Classical conditioning
      • US  UR
      • Pair CS with US and CS  CR
      • Acquisition, extinction, spontaneous recovery, generalisation, discrimination
  • Learning
    • Operant conditioning
      • Shaping, positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement
      • Reinforcement schedules
    • Observational learning
  • Intelligence
    • Definition? One or many intelligences?
    • History of intelligence testing
    • Features of good tests
    • IQ: Cultural/social background on IQ performance
    • Genetic vs. environmental influences (nature vs. nurture)
    • Intelligence, creativity and mental illness
  • Motivation
    • What is motivation?
    • Motivation theories
      • Instincts and evolutionary
      • Drives and incentives
    • Optimal arousal
    • Hierarchies of motives
  • Motivation Eating motivation: Hunger
      • Body chemistry
      • Environmental factors
      • Eating disorders
    • Sexual motivation
    • Achievement motivation
  • Social processes, society & culture
    • Social rules, norms, roles
    • Conformity
    • Obedience
    • Group processes
      • Group polarisation
      • Groupthink
    • Pro-social behaviour and altruism
    • Psychology of peace and conflict resolution
    (Social (influence
  • Feedback
    • Thank-you for feedback received during semester.
    • Complete the online evaluation (Unit Satisfaction Survey) to submit official ratings and let us know what worked and what didn’t.
    • Gerrig, R. J., Zimbardo, P. G., Campbell, A. J., Cumming, S. R., & Wilkes, F. J. (2008). Psychology and life (Australian edition). Sydney: Pearson Education Australia.