Psychology 102: Summary and review

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This is the final lecture for this introductory psychology unit. Several of the introductory lectures are on slideshare.

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  • Image source: Unknown Description: The aim of this lecture is to introduce and discuss social psychology and more particularly, social processes, society, and culture. The lecture is targeted at first year undergraduate psychology students. Image source: Unknown Acknowledgements: This lecture is based on previous lectures on social psychology I have given, and partly also on the instructor slides and material provided by Pearson Education for Chapter 11 from Gerrig et al. (2008) Psychology and life (Australian edition).
  • Image source: Cover of Gerrig et al. (2008)
  • Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Information_icon4.svg License: Public domain Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Autoroute_icone.svg License: CC-BY-A 2.5 Author: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Doodledoo
  • Westen, D., Burton, L., & Kowalski, R. (2006). Psychology . Australian and New Zealand Edition. Queensland: Wiley. Also note: Allport's Classic Definition The scientific study of how the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of people are influenced by the real, imagined, or implied presence of others (Allport)
  • Image sources: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aboriginal_football.jpg License: Public domain http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gra_paper2.jpg Author: http://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=User:Novyaradnum License: CC-by-SA 3.0
  • Image sources: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aboriginal_football.jpg License: Public domain http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gra_paper2.jpg Author: http://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=User:Novyaradnum License: CC-by-SA 3.0
  • Psychology 102: Summary and review

    1. 1. Psychology 102: Review & summary Dr James Neill Centre for Applied Psychology University of Canberra 2009
    2. 2. Reading There is no corresponding reading from Gerrig et al. for this review and summary lecture
    3. 3. Overview <ul><li>Essay feedback
    4. 4. Final exam
    5. 5. Review of lectures
    6. 6. Evaluation and feedback </li></ul>
    7. 7. Essay feedback <ul><li>Average essay mark in Psy 101 = 60.8
    8. 8. Average essay mark in Psy 102 = 65.8
    9. 9. Range = 20 – 100 </li></ul>
    10. 10. Abstract (10%) <ul><li>Good abstracts summarised argument, theory, research, and conclusions in ~150 words.
    11. 11. Weaker abstracts tended to say what the essay would cover, without actually summarising the content
    12. 12. Do not include citations
    13. 13. Present on a separate page, following the title page </li></ul>
    14. 14. Argument (20%) <ul><li>Answer all parts of the question/topic – don't just pick a couple of convenient examples or aspects
    15. 15. Stay on topic – all information needs to be relevant, current and appropriately detailed
    16. 16. Viewpoint should be clear, based on literature presented
    17. 17. Evidence for both sides of the argument is needed – how else can you reach a logical and concise conclusion? </li></ul>
    18. 18. Argument (20%) <ul><li>Introduce the topic and establish the importance
    19. 19. State the argument and summarise main ideas
    20. 20. Define/explain technical terms
    21. 21. Answer the question and stay on topic
    22. 22. Main points should follow clearly
    23. 23. Summarise main points </li></ul>
    24. 24. Theory (20%) <ul><li>Some essays didn't present any theory
    25. 25. Some essays only presented one theory
    26. 26. Some essays critically examined several relevant theories </li></ul>
    27. 27. Research (20%) <ul><li>Link the evidence you provide to your argument – ask “so what?”
    28. 28. Critically evaluate
    29. 29. It is stronger to summarise a body of research than to simply describe a small number of studies in detail </li></ul>
    30. 30. Presentation (20%) <ul><li>Use APA style
    31. 31. Use in-text citations
    32. 32. Write in your own words – avoid overuse of direct quotes
    33. 33. Write in third person (not I, me, we, us, our, you, your etc.)
    34. 34. Avoid colloquial language
    35. 35. Subjects - use participants </li></ul>
    36. 36. References (10%) <ul><li>Reference all ideas that are not your own work (Ask yourself “how do I know this?”)
    37. 37. Use peer-reviewed sources (journal articles and edited book chapters)
    38. 38. Every citation in essay must be in your reference list and vice versa </li></ul>
    39. 39. Other tips <ul><li>Follow APA format
    40. 40. Review the marking criteria again before you submit your essay
    41. 41. Get someone to proofread
    42. 42. Read it aloud to yourself
    43. 43. Don’t leave it to the last minute
    44. 44. Ask for help – e.g., Academic Skills and Health Learning Resource Centre </li></ul>
    45. 45. Academic Skills Program Grammar and Writing Course Aim: Participants become confident and effective writers of academic English Dates: Mon-Fri for 2 weeks 23 Nov – 4 Dec Outline: <ul><li>Sentence level grammar (Punctuation, complex sentences, linking ideas into logical sequences)
    46. 46. Generic writing skills (essays/ reports/coherent paragraphs/ punchy introductions and conclusions) </li></ul>Cost: $35.00 Enrolments: At the Academic Skills Program
    47. 47. Final exam <ul><li>When : 2pm Wed 18th Nov 2009
    48. 48. Where : Gymnasium
    49. 49. Time : 2 hours
    50. 50. Deferred exam applications go to Examinations Office http://www.canberra.edu.au/student-services/examinations/alternative-exams </li></ul>
    51. 51. Revising for the exam <ul><li>~100 multiple choice questions </li><ul><li>~9 topics, ~11 questions on each </li></ul><li>Exam questions will be similar to quiz questions
    52. 52. Review main points from each chapter, lecture and tutorial
    53. 53. Test yourself – MyPsychLab website quizzes
    54. 54. Review weak areas </li></ul>
    55. 55. What to bring to the exam <ul><li>Current UC student ID card
    56. 56. Lead pencils / sharpener
    57. 57. Eraser
    58. 58. No other materials permitted </li></ul>
    59. 59. What is in the exam? <ul><li>Intercultural & indigenous psych
    60. 60. Consciousness
    61. 61. Cognitive processes
    62. 62. Therapies
    63. 63. Sensation & perception
    64. 64. Learning
    65. 65. Intelligence
    66. 66. Motivation
    67. 67. Social processes </li></ul>
    68. 68. What is psychology? Study of the way people: <ul><li>Think (cognition)
    69. 69. Feel (emotions)
    70. 70. Behave (actions) </li></ul>
    71. 71. Intercultural psychology <ul><li>Intercultural psychology: Recognition of the impact of cultural contexts on psychological processes and explanations.
    72. 72. Cultural contexts have a profound effect on psychological functioning. </li></ul>
    73. 73. Indigenous psychology <ul><li>Stolen generations
    74. 74. Assimilation policies
    75. 75. Psychological relevance includes trauma, isolation, abuse, identity, culture, health, services
    76. 76. Incorporate this knowledge into our existing theories - broaden constructs and theories to make psychology more relevant to a wider range of people. </li></ul>
    77. 77. Mind, consciousness and alternative states <ul><li>Consciousness – an awareness of ourselves and our environment
    78. 78. Sleep </li><ul><li>Circadian rhythm
    79. 79. Sleep cycle
    80. 80. Sleep deprivation </li></ul></ul>
    81. 81. Mind, consciousness and alternative states <ul><li>Sleep disorders
    82. 82. Dreams
    83. 83. Hypnosis
    84. 84. Drugs </li><ul><li>Psychoactive drugs </li></ul><li>Near-death experiences </li></ul>
    85. 85. Cognitive Psychology
    86. 86. Cognitive processes <ul><li>What is cognition?
    87. 87. Concepts
    88. 88. Prototypes
    89. 89. Language
    90. 90. Problem solving </li><ul><li>Trial & error, algorithm , heuristic, insight </li></ul><li>Obstacles </li><ul><li>Confirmation bias, fixation </li></ul></ul>
    91. 91. Cognitive processes <ul><li>Decisions and judgements </li><ul><li>Representative and availability heuristics
    92. 92. Overconfidence and framing </li></ul><li>Belief bias
    93. 93. Belief perseverance </li></ul>
    94. 94. Therapies for psychological disorders <ul><li>History of therapeutic treatment for psychological disorders
    95. 95. How psychodynamic, behaviour, cognitive, humanistic, biomedical, and group therapies work </li></ul>
    96. 96. Sensation <ul><li>Sensation = signals from the environment turned into neural signals
    97. 97. Absolute threshold & difference threshold
    98. 98. Signal detection theory
    99. 99. Subliminal stimulation
    100. 100. Sensory adaptation </li></ul>
    101. 101. Sensation <ul><li>Vision </li><ul><li>Light – wavelength and amplitude
    102. 102. Eye
    103. 103. Bottom-up & top-down processing
    104. 104. Colour vision </li></ul><li>Sound
    105. 105. Touch - pain & gate-control theory
    106. 106. Taste
    107. 107. Smell
    108. 108. Kinethesis & the Vestibular system </li></ul>
    109. 109. Perception <ul><li>Organisation of sensory information into something meaningful
    110. 110. Selective attention
    111. 111. Perceptual organisation </li><ul><li>Form perception
    112. 112. Depth perception
    113. 113. Motion perception </li></ul></ul>
    114. 114. Perception <ul><li>Perceptual interpretation
    115. 115. Perceptual illusions
    116. 116. Perceptual adaptation
    117. 117. Perceptual set
    118. 118. Concepts/schemas
    119. 119. Human factors psychology
    120. 120. ESP </li></ul>
    121. 121. 5 minute break – have a stretch
    122. 122. Learning <ul><li>Classical conditioning </li><ul><li>US  UR
    123. 123. Pair CS with US and CS  CR
    124. 124. Acquisition, extinction, spontaneous recovery, generalisation, discrimination </li></ul></ul>
    125. 125. Learning <ul><li>Operant conditioning </li><ul><li>Shaping, positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement
    126. 126. Reinforcement schedules </li></ul><li>Observational learning </li></ul>
    127. 127. Intelligence <ul><li>Definition? One or many intelligences?
    128. 128. History of intelligence testing
    129. 129. Features of good tests
    130. 130. IQ: Cultural/social background on IQ performance
    131. 131. Genetic vs. environmental influences (nature vs. nurture)
    132. 132. Intelligence, creativity and mental illness </li></ul>
    133. 133. Motivation <ul><li>What is motivation?
    134. 134. Motivation theories </li><ul><li>Instincts and evolutionary
    135. 135. Drives and incentives </li></ul><li>Optimal arousal
    136. 136. Hierarchies of motives </li></ul>
    137. 137. Motivation Eating motivation: Hunger <ul><ul><li>Body chemistry
    138. 138. Environmental factors
    139. 139. Eating disorders </li></ul><li>Sexual motivation
    140. 140. Achievement motivation </li></ul>
    141. 141. Social processes, society & culture <ul><li>Social rules, norms, roles
    142. 142. Conformity
    143. 143. Obedience
    144. 144. Group processes </li><ul><li>Group polarisation
    145. 145. Groupthink </li></ul><li>Pro-social behaviour and altruism
    146. 146. Psychology of peace and conflict resolution </li></ul>(Social (influence
    147. 147. Feedback <ul><li>Thank-you for feedback received during semester.
    148. 148. Complete the online evaluation (Unit Satisfaction Survey) to submit official ratings and let us know what worked and what didn’t. </li></ul>
    149. 149. <ul><li>Gerrig, R. J., Zimbardo, P. G., Campbell, A. J., Cumming, S. R., & Wilkes, F. J. (2008). Psychology and life (Australian edition). Sydney: Pearson Education Australia. </li></ul>References

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