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James Neill Centre for Applied Psychology University of Canberra Green Exercise: The psychological effects of exercising in nature Outdoor Recreation Industry Council Annual Conference August 14-15, 2009
There are positive outcomes for most groups, however the two running groups did not appear to reduce stress or anxiety perhaps due to the high intensity and somewhat competitive nature of the exercise.
References Mackay, G. J. S., & Neill, J. T. (2009). The effect of “green exercise” on state anxiety and the role of exercise duration, intensity, and greenness: A quasi-experimental study . Manuscript submitted for publication. Pretty, J., Peacock, J., Sellens, M., & Griffen, M. (2005). The mental and physical health outcomes of green exercise. International Journal of Environmental Health Research , 15 , 319-337. Pretty, J., Peacock, J., Hine, R., Sellens, M., South, N., & Griffen, M. (2007). Green exercise in the UK countryside: Effects on health and psychological well-being, and implications for policy and planning. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management , 50 , 211-231.