Analytic Journalism:  Investing in an Intellectual Portfolio to Secure Journalism's Financial Future Durban, South Africa ...
Journalism is… <ul><li>“ The central purpose of journalism is to provide citizens with accurate and reliable information t...
What journalists do <ul><li>The job of journalists is  &quot;to monitor the centres of power.&quot;                       ...
Today’s objectives <ul><li>Discuss journalism (and journalists) as a species existing in the  Datasphere </li></ul><ul><li...
Analytic thinking/journalism <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Where did it come from? </li></ul><ul><li>How does it w...
The why and the wherefore of Analytic Journalism <ul><li>Dramatic change in info environment </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in ...
The Changing Datasphere The Datasphere : that conceptual environment where  all data exists  in all forms, all media Laws ...
Species in the Datasphere The Datasphere:   that conceptual environment where all  information-processing species  reside ...
Communications Revolution 1st Era =   Symbols   Print   Paper   Ink   Writing 2nd Era = 3rd Era = 101010101010101010101010...
How big is the change? <ul><li>93% of ALL information – audio, video, print – produced worldwide in 2003 was originally in...
Major trends in dynamic Datasphere <ul><li>Definition of literacy expands </li></ul><ul><li>“ Transparency” </li></ul><ul>...
ADQ: “Available Data Index” High Low ADI Time Digital Revolution
JIQ: “Journalism Info/Utility Index” JII Avail.  Data  Index Time High Low Digital Revolution
JIQ: “Journalism Info/Utility Index” High Low High High Low Avail. Data Index Digital Revolution Citizens’  Zone of Contem...
Journalism and pre-Digital Revolution <ul><li>Canon of Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutional freedoms/  legal restrictio...
Attributes of Digital Revolution <ul><li>Data -- public and private -- in 1s and 0s divorced from physical media </li></ul...
Effects of Digital Revolution <ul><li>Fluid, ubiquitous data and results </li></ul><ul><li>Reproducible data and info with...
Journalism and post-Digital Revolution <ul><li>Post-Digital Revolution Changes </li></ul><ul><li>Various circulation and m...
Leading-edge journalism in Digital Age   <ul><li>CAR (Computer-assisted Reporting) </li></ul><ul><li>Acquiring or creating...
<ul><li>Retrieve/adapt  methodologies from  other disciplines   </li></ul>Analytic Journalism in Digital Age Analytic Jour...
AJ “borrowed” methodologies <ul><li>GIS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Epidemiology ;  Urban planning ;  Enviro-sciences ;  Crime a...
<ul><li>Focus always international </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieve/adapt methodologies from  other disciplines </li></ul><ul><l...
Hunter College-NYTimes satellite maps of WTC disaster
John Snow’s aledged cholera map- London - 1854 John Snow’s alleged cholera map  London - 1854
Urban Planning Sat. Pics-Lotlines <ul><li>Urban Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Tax assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Public utilit...
Environmental Planning – watershed map English River Watershed Study  by students in  Mid-Prairie Middle School   Kalona, ...
Portland, Oregon Crime mapping Note how database produces graph and map.   Portland, Oregon site at  http://www. portlandp...
Conceptual mapping of  cyberspace VR visualization of Web traffic
PowerPlayers1 Mapping power relationships http://theyrule.orgo.org/
“ ThemeRiver” computational linguistics and resulting visualization of news story themes. “ Theme River” computational lin...
Online enterprise   Dynamic system model Source:   http://www. simventure .com/models.html
Data mining – advanced Business Intelligence software http://www.pcmag.com/article/0,2997,s%253D1738%2526a%253D7640,00.asp
Database software – online and shrinkwrapped http://www.pcmag.com/article/0,2997,s%3D400%26a%3D14601,00.asp
Some Analytic Journalism teaching materials <ul><li>Statistics -  http://people.bu.edu/ssr3/stat2.htm </li></ul><ul><li>E-...
Inst. for Analytic Journalism <ul><ul><li>General Systems Theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statistics </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Analytic Journalism:  Investing in an Intellectual Portfolio to Secure Journalism's Financial Future Durban, South Africa ...
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Analytic Journalism: Investing in an Intellectual Portfolio to Secure Journalism's Financial Future"

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  • outstanding display..convinced me to have a hardlook at my company model..great
    Teisha
    http://dashinghealth.com http://healthimplants.com
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  • Analytic Journalism: Investing in an Intellectual Portfolio to Secure Journalism's Financial Future"

    1. 1. Analytic Journalism: Investing in an Intellectual Portfolio to Secure Journalism's Financial Future Durban, South Africa 11 September 2006
    2. 2. Journalism is… <ul><li>“ The central purpose of journalism is to provide citizens with accurate and reliable information they need to function in a free society.'‘ — Bill Kovach Committee of Concerned Journalists </li></ul>
    3. 3. What journalists do <ul><li>The job of journalists is &quot;to monitor the centres of power.&quot;                                                                                         Israeli journalist  Amira Hass </li></ul>
    4. 4. Today’s objectives <ul><li>Discuss journalism (and journalists) as a species existing in the Datasphere </li></ul><ul><li>Review the changes in the information environment </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest steps journalism can (Should? Must?) take to adapt to those changes if we are to survive </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest the possible disappearance of the species journalist serioso </li></ul>
    5. 5. Analytic thinking/journalism <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Where did it come from? </li></ul><ul><li>How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the necessary variables? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frame the appropriate question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find and retrieve appropriate data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use appropriate analytic tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Show what you know with story-appropriate media </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. The why and the wherefore of Analytic Journalism <ul><li>Dramatic change in info environment </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in how modern societies relate to data  information </li></ul><ul><li>What is Analytic Journalism? </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives of the Institute for Analytic Journalism </li></ul>
    7. 7. The Changing Datasphere The Datasphere : that conceptual environment where all data exists in all forms, all media Laws Econ Demographics Entertainment News Cultural knowledge All of history
    8. 8. Species in the Datasphere The Datasphere: that conceptual environment where all information-processing species reside Lawyer Economist Insurance adjuster Driver of garbage truck Journalist Teacher Historian Cop
    9. 9. Communications Revolution 1st Era = Symbols Print Paper Ink Writing 2nd Era = 3rd Era = 101010101010101010101010001011100101
    10. 10. How big is the change? <ul><li>93% of ALL information – audio, video, print – produced worldwide in 2003 was originally in digital format </li></ul><ul><li>See UC-Berkeley study on Datasphere http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/how-much-info/index.html </li></ul>
    11. 11. Major trends in dynamic Datasphere <ul><li>Definition of literacy expands </li></ul><ul><li>“ Transparency” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governments, NGOs, corporations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Data acquisition power shift to individual </li></ul><ul><li>“ Available Data Index” & “Journalism Info/Utility Index” </li></ul>
    12. 12. ADQ: “Available Data Index” High Low ADI Time Digital Revolution
    13. 13. JIQ: “Journalism Info/Utility Index” JII Avail. Data Index Time High Low Digital Revolution
    14. 14. JIQ: “Journalism Info/Utility Index” High Low High High Low Avail. Data Index Digital Revolution Citizens’ Zone of Contempt, Disregard, Irrelevance, for the press JII
    15. 15. Journalism and pre-Digital Revolution <ul><li>Canon of Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutional freedoms/ legal restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>History of Profession </li></ul><ul><li>Journalism education: “To serve the profession,” not lead </li></ul><ul><li>RW-P process R eporting  W riting  Publishing/ P roducing </li></ul><ul><li>Good at description; far less good at analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Journalist as “white-hunter poet” (aka “General Assgn. Reporter”) </li></ul><ul><li>Driven by adrenalin, not intellect </li></ul>Pre-DigitalRev, Traditional Journalism
    16. 16. Attributes of Digital Revolution <ul><li>Data -- public and private -- in 1s and 0s divorced from physical media </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap, powerful desktop & communications hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap, powerful analytic tools </li></ul><ul><li>Constant, rapid change in Datasphere </li></ul>
    17. 17. Effects of Digital Revolution <ul><li>Fluid, ubiquitous data and results </li></ul><ul><li>Reproducible data and info without cost. How to add value? </li></ul><ul><li>New definitions of literacy </li></ul><ul><li>RRAW-P Process Research  Reporting  Analysis  Writing  Publishing/Producing </li></ul><ul><li>Need for constant teaching/learning </li></ul><ul><li>How did journalism respond? </li></ul>
    18. 18. Journalism and post-Digital Revolution <ul><li>Post-Digital Revolution Changes </li></ul><ul><li>Various circulation and marketing strategies, e.g. zoning, newspaper-TV ties, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually, PCs/I-net in offices & newsroom </li></ul><ul><li>“ Soft news” </li></ul><ul><li>Shovelware web sites </li></ul><ul><li>CAR (Computer-assisted Reporting) </li></ul>010101001 0011010110101010100101010 1001010101010010101010101 100100101100101010001010 1001010101010010101010101 1001010101010010101010101 1001010101010010101010101 1001010101010010101010101 1001010101010010101010101 1001010101010010101010101 010100101010 Pre-DigitalRev, Traditional Journalism
    19. 19. Leading-edge journalism in Digital Age <ul><li>CAR (Computer-assisted Reporting) </li></ul><ul><li>Acquiring or creating digital data sets </li></ul><ul><li>Learning/utilizing new – for journalism –knowledge/analysis tools, i.e. sprdsheets, DBF, simple stats, GIS to make maps </li></ul>010101001 0011010110101010100101010 1001010101010010101010101 100100101100101010001010 1001010101010010101010101 1001010101010010101010101 1001010101010010101010101 1001010101010010101010101 1001010101010010101010101 1001010101010010101010101 010100101010 Pre-DigitalRev, Traditional Journalism
    20. 20. <ul><li>Retrieve/adapt methodologies from other disciplines </li></ul>Analytic Journalism in Digital Age Analytic Journalism Anthropology Geography Biology Criminology Accounting Data Mining 010101001 0011010110101010100101010 1001010101010010101010101 100100101100101010001010 1001010101010010101010101 1001010101010010101010101 1001010101010010101010101 1001010101010010101010101 1001010101010010101010101 1001010101010010101010101 010100101010 Pre-DigitalRev, Traditional Journalism
    21. 21. AJ “borrowed” methodologies <ul><li>GIS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Epidemiology ; Urban planning ; Enviro-sciences ; Crime analysis ; Cyberspace ; Mapping of Concepts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Computational Linguistics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(King and Lowe’s “Rare Events in International Conflict”) http://gking.harvard.edu/files/infoex.pdf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ThemeRiver http://www. pnl . gov / infoviz / infoviz / themeriver . pdf </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Forensic Accounting http://www. forensicaccounting .com/home.html </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Statistics & Complex Adaptive Systems - Web Map http://www. webmap .com/ - Epstein, Steinbruner and Parker. “Modeling Civil Violence: An Agent-Based Computational Approach” http://www.brook.edu/es/dynamics/papers/cviolence/cviolence.pdf </li></ul>
    22. 22. <ul><li>Focus always international </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieve/adapt methodologies from other disciplines </li></ul><ul><li>IAJ: hinge between other disciplines/ methodologies and journalism </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt new analytic tools appropriate for journalism, e.g. AskSam , Cartagio , ArcGIS </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on making data – broadly defined – available for user customization and analysis </li></ul>Analytic Journalism in Digital Age
    23. 23. Hunter College-NYTimes satellite maps of WTC disaster
    24. 24. John Snow’s aledged cholera map- London - 1854 John Snow’s alleged cholera map London - 1854
    25. 25. Urban Planning Sat. Pics-Lotlines <ul><li>Urban Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Tax assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Public utilities/services </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Planned growth? Sprawl? </li></ul><ul><li>Educational planning </li></ul>
    26. 26. Environmental Planning – watershed map English River Watershed Study by students in Mid-Prairie Middle School Kalona, Iowa
    27. 27. Portland, Oregon Crime mapping Note how database produces graph and map. Portland, Oregon site at http://www. portlandpolicebureau .com/ crimemapper .html
    28. 28. Conceptual mapping of cyberspace VR visualization of Web traffic
    29. 29. PowerPlayers1 Mapping power relationships http://theyrule.orgo.org/
    30. 30. “ ThemeRiver” computational linguistics and resulting visualization of news story themes. “ Theme River” computational linguistics and resulting visualization of news story topics. Curves indicate “tension index” over time Source: http://www. pnl . gov / infoviz /graphics.html
    31. 31. Online enterprise Dynamic system model Source: http://www. simventure .com/models.html
    32. 32. Data mining – advanced Business Intelligence software http://www.pcmag.com/article/0,2997,s%253D1738%2526a%253D7640,00.asp
    33. 33. Database software – online and shrinkwrapped http://www.pcmag.com/article/0,2997,s%3D400%26a%3D14601,00.asp
    34. 34. Some Analytic Journalism teaching materials <ul><li>Statistics - http://people.bu.edu/ssr3/stat2.htm </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail tracing - http://people.bu.edu/ssr3/tracing.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Middleberg/Ross survey - http://people.bu.edu/ssr3/cyber7.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Covering the Census, with GIS - http://www.columbia.edu/~ssr3/census.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Basic numbers skills - http://www.columbia.edu/~ssr3/NUMBER12.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluating what you find - http://www.columbia.edu/~ssr3/eval.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Calculator for confidence levels in polls - http://www.columbia.edu/~ssr3/confross.htm </li></ul>
    35. 35. Inst. for Analytic Journalism <ul><ul><li>General Systems Theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statistics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual Statistics and Infographics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simulation modeling </li></ul></ul>Our “Cornerstones”
    36. 36. Analytic Journalism: Investing in an Intellectual Portfolio to Secure Journalism's Financial Future Durban, South Africa 11 September 2006

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