12. Negro Baseball League<br />By: Evan C. Moore<br />
13. Negro Baseball League Beginning<br /><ul><li>Some Black people played on integrated baseball teams when organized baseball teams began.
14. A few Black players made it to the major leagues in the early 1800s.</li></li></ul><li>Exclusion <br /><ul><li>In 1867, they voted not to admit any team that “may be composed of one or more colored persons”.
15. Their reasoning was irrational and racist.</li></li></ul><li>The First Successful Baseball League<br /><ul><li>The National Association of Professional Baseball Players was the first professional baseball league in 1871.
16. The Black team called the Pythians tried to join the professional league and was denied.</li></li></ul><li>Negro League in the Making<br /><ul><li>The Negro Baseball League was not well documented because the White Press was not recording the stats and scores.
17. The first championship in October 1867 was won by the Philadelphia Excelsiors going against the Brooklyn Uniques.</li></li></ul><li>Negro League in the Making<br />The Negro Baseball League was not well documented because the White Press was not recording the stats and scores. The team and player records were not well kept.<br />
19. NBL Teams and Players<br /><ul><li>There were originally no organized leagues.
20. There were individual teams that barnstormed. </li></li></ul><li>NBL Teams <br /><ul><li>Two primary Negro leagues began with teams rotating in and out of the leagues.
21. In 1940, the teams from the National Negro League (NNL) were: Homestead Grays, Baltimore Elite Giants, Newark Eagles, New York Cubans, Philadelphia Stars, and New York Black Yankees.
22. In 1940, the teams in the National American League (NAL) were: Kansas City Monarchs, Cleveland Bears, Memphis Red Sox, Birmingham Black Barons, Chicago American Giants, and the Indianapolis Crawfords. </li></li></ul><li>
23. Homestead Grays<br />
24. Kansas City Monarchs<br />
25. NBL Teams<br />The Indianapolis Clowns had great showmanship. <br />Showmanship helped baseball teams earn money because people paid to see the show and got a lot of spectators at the game.<br />
26. IndianapolisClowns<br />
27. NBL Players<br />There were many great players in the Negro Leagues such as Willie Mays, Josh Gibson, Satchel Paige, and Jackie Robinson.<br />
28. NBL Greats<br />One great player was Leroy “Satchel” Paige.<br />Satchel Paige was a great pitcher.<br />He pitched against Joe DiMaggio a legend on the New York Yankees.<br />Joe DiMaggio hit one ball on his fourth time up in the tenth inning.<br />
29. End of the Negro Baseball League.<br />In 1945, Jackie Robinson was the first Black person to be signed under contract with the all White Major League Baseball team.<br />He was signed to the Brooklyn Dodgers. <br />
30. Jackie Robinson<br />Jack Roosevelt “Jackie” Robinson was in World War II and was promoted to lieutenant in the Army for the all Black unit.<br />He graduate from UCLA (University of California Los Angeles) and he ran track and played basketball and baseball while in college.<br />
31. Jackie Robinson<br />
32. End of the NBL<br />After the Brooklyn Dodgers drafted Jackie Robinson, other Major League teams drafted all of the good players from the Negro Leagues.<br />People stopped going to the Negro League games because they could go to the Major League games and see Black people play.<br />
33. Not Moving<br /><ul><li>James Thomas “Cool Papa” Bell of the Kansas City Monarchs was one of the fastest runners ever to play in the Negro League and retired in 1946 at forty three years old.
34. He was so fast that Olympic Gold Medalist Jesse Owens refused to race him.</li></li></ul><li>Not Moving<br />Joshua Gibson<br />
35. On the Way Up<br />However, there were some older players that got the chance to go to the Major Leagues, such as Satchel Paige on the Cleveland Indians when he was in his forties.<br />
36. Willie Mays<br /><ul><li>William Howard “Willie” Mays Jr. was on the Negro League team called the Birmingham Black Barons and was a powerful hitter.
37. He was drafted to the New York Giants, now known as the San Francisco Giants, in 1950.
38. He has a world record for the most stolen bases.</li></li></ul><li>Willie Mays<br />
39. Hank Aaron<br />Henry Lewis “Hank” Aaron was drafted from the Indianapolis Clowns to the Boston Braves.<br /> He has a record in the World’s Record Book for hitting more than 714 home runs.<br />
40. Hank Aaron<br />
41. Induction<br /><ul><li>Negro League Players and Black people were allowed to be inducted in the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1971. </li></li></ul><li>Hall of Fame<br />Rick Henderson and Jim Rice<br />