Xi’an (FromWikipedia)• My hometown Xi’an is the capital of Shaanxi province in China and a sub- provincial city. Known as one of the most important cities in Chinese history, Xian is listed as one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China because it has been the capital of 13 dynasties, including the Zhou, Qin, Han, and Tang. Xian is also the eastern end of the Silk Road. The city has more than 3,100 years of history. It was called Changan in ancient times.
Culture and Demographics• Historically, Xian • Its population is has been one of the around 7.5 million. most important About 4 million live cities in the world. in the city area. It The culture of Xian is one of the most is inherited from heavily trafficked the traditions of tourist cities within one of the worlds the Peoples earliest Republic, a civilizations. destination for tens of thousands of people foreign and Chinese tourists alike every year.
Sights (1)• The city is surrounded by a well-preserved city wall which was re- constructed in the Ming Dynasty. The area in which Xian sits is a relatively flat place, making travel on the wall relatively easy unlike the steep inclines of the Great Wall. It is also plenty wide enough to rent a bicycle and cruise along the wall without ruffling anyones feathers.
(2)• The Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang and his Terracotta Army are located 40 km to the east of the citys suburbs.
(3)• The Big Wild Goose Pagoda and Small Wild Goose Pagoda are both spectacular towers and both are well over 1000 years old and have mostly survived great earthquakes. The former is next to a large square with many fountains that rise and fall in time to music during one of the daily performances.
(4)• The Bell Tower and Drum Tower, located at the city centre
(5)• The Stele Forest is famous for its numerous historic inscriptions and stoneworks.
(6)• The Shaanxi History Museum has a large collection of artifacts both modern and ancient.
Terracotta Army 1• The Terracotta Army or Terra- cotta Warriors and Horses is a collection of 8,099 life-size terra cotta figures of warriors and horses located near the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, Construction of this mausoleum began in 246 BC and is believed to have taken 700,000 workers and craftsmen 38 years to complete. Qin Shi Huang was interred inside the tomb complex upon his death in 210 BC.
Terracotta Army 2• the First Emperor was buried alongside great amounts of treasure and objects of craftsmanship, as well as a scale replica of the universe complete with gemmed ceilings representing the cosmos, and flowing mercury representing the great earthly bodies of water. Pearls were also placed on the ceilings in the tomb to represent the stars and planets, etc. They were built as an army for the king (Emperor Qin) to use in the after life.
Terracotta Army 3• Qin Shi Huang’s necropolis complex was constructed to serve as an imperial compound or palace. It comprises several offices, halls and other structures and is surrounded by a wall with gateway entrances. The remains of the craftsmen working in the tomb may also be found within its confines, as it is believed they were sealed inside alive to keep them from divulging any secrets about its riches or entrance. It was only fitting, therefore, to have this compound protected by the massive terra cotta army interred nearby.
Terracotta Army 4• 8,099 figures have thus far been unearthed at the site. These figures include infantry, archers, and officers and are manufactured in a crouching or standing pose. Each figure was given a real weapon such as bronze spears, halberds or swords, or wooden crossbows with bronze fittings. It is believed these weapons date to as early as 228 BC and may have been used in actual warfare. Along with the soldiers and officers, chariots made with great detail and precision were also included as part of Qin Shi Huang’s army.
Terracotta Army 5• The terracotta figures are life-like and life- sized. They vary in height, uniform and hairstyle in accordance with rank. The colored lacquer finish, molded faces (each is individual), and real weapons and armor used in manufacturing these figures creates a realistic appearance and stands as a testament to the amount of labor and skill involved in their construction. It is also proof of the incredible amount of power the First Emperor possessed to order such a monumental undertaking as the manufacturing of the Terracotta Army.
1, A miniature replica of one of the figures.2, A terracotta soldier and his horse
1,A group of terracotta soldiers2, Terracotta horses3, Terracotta cavalry-man
Tang Paradise• This tourist attraction not only claims to be the biggest cultural theme park of China but also the first royal-garden- like park to give a full display of the Tang Dynastys culture.
North Square of Big Wild GoosePagoda Big Wild Goose• Surrounding Pagoda, the scenery is also quite charming, especially the square north of the Da Cien Temple. Covering about 131563 square yards plus 23920.6 square yards of water area, it holds many records: in Asia, it is the biggest Tang-culture square, the biggest fountain and waterscape square, and the largest-scale sculptures area. In the world, it has the most benches, the longest light-belt, and the largest- scale acoustic complex.