Stress

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Stress

  1. 1. Stress <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>What happens? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the symptoms? </li></ul><ul><li>Where does it come from? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we reduce stress? </li></ul>
  2. 2. What is it? <ul><li>“ Stress is the non-specific response of the body to any demand made upon it” </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Hans Seyle </li></ul>
  3. 3. What defines a demand? <ul><li>A demand can be: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A threat (real or imagined) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A challenge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any change that requires the body to adapt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can you list some examples? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Do not forget! <ul><li>The stress reaction is mediated by: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adrenaline </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cortisol </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other hormones </li></ul></ul></ul>It is also called: “ The fight or Flight Response” or “ Tend & Befriend”
  5. 5. What happens during the stress reaction? <ul><li>  Heart rate </li></ul><ul><ul><li> Blood pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Breathing rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Muscle tension </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Perspiration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Mental alertness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Blood flow to the brain & muscles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Blood sugar , Cholesterol, platelets & clotting factors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blood flow to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> Skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Digestive tract </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Kidneys </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Question: <ul><li>Why do you sometimes get a cramp during the middle of a mile run or beep test? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Next Exit: STRESS St. <ul><li>The are many symptoms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> Physical - 3km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Mental - 4.5km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Emotional - 6km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Behavioural - 10km </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Physical Symptoms <ul><li>Headache </li></ul><ul><li>Dizziness </li></ul><ul><li>Chest pain/Tightness </li></ul><ul><li>Shortness of breath </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Agitated/Restless </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep disturbance </li></ul><ul><li>Shaking/Trembling </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent colds/Flu </li></ul><ul><li>Grinding teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Facial Twitching </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of appetite </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mental Symptoms <ul><li>Decrease in concentration </li></ul><ul><li>Increased forgetfulness </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of decisiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease in sense of humour </li></ul><ul><li>Increased confusion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drawing blanks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mind is racing </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Emotional Symptoms <ul><li>You might feel: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anxious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nervous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depressed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unhappy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fearful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worried </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irritable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impatient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Angry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frustrated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apathetic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indifferent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unmotivated </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Behavioural Symptoms <ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking </li></ul><ul><li>Over eating </li></ul><ul><li>Nail biting </li></ul><ul><li>Foot tapping </li></ul><ul><li>Swearing </li></ul><ul><li>Blaming others </li></ul>Crying Weeping Feeling on the verge of tears Fidgeting Tense
  12. 12. Question: <ul><li>Where do you think stress comes from? Discuss possible sources of stress in your groups. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Sources of stress <ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional </li></ul><ul><li>Major life events </li></ul><ul><li>Daily Hassles </li></ul>
  14. 14. Your bag of tricks <ul><li>Cut stress in your life: </li></ul><ul><li>* Have fun by yourself or with friends </li></ul><ul><li>* Get some exercise </li></ul><ul><li>* Learn to say “no” sometimes </li></ul><ul><li>* Find quiet time to relax and read </li></ul><ul><li>* Break large tasks into smaller segments </li></ul><ul><li>* Don’t leave things to the last minute </li></ul><ul><li>* Drink water </li></ul><ul><li>* Eat nutritious food and reduce junk food </li></ul>

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