The Legislative Branch
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The Legislative Branch

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    The Legislative Branch The Legislative Branch Presentation Transcript

    • The Legislative Branch U.S. Congress
    • Responsibilities of Congress
      • Must Represent
        • Constituents in Region/District
        • Needs of Nation
        • Political Party
        • Interest Groups and lobbyists
          • Try to persuade congressman to vote according to their interests
        • Self and morals
    • Representatives
      • Number based on population
      • House of Rep.
        • Term = 2 years (reelection is unlimited) – 435 total in nation
          • Must
            • Live in state
            • 25 years old
            • US citizen 7 years
    • Senators
      • 2 per state
        • Meets need of state
        • 6 year terms (1/3 of all senators reelected every 2 years)
        • Must
          • Live in state
          • 30 years old
          • US citizen 9 years
      • Deal more with non-domestic issues than House Representatives
    • Powers Given to Congress
      • Each power reflects goal of Preamble
      • Congressional Immunity – Congress members cannot be sued while speaking in Congress
    • Congress Organization
      • Speaker of the House – Presiding officer
        • Large influence on bill passage
      • Vice Pres. – Officer of Senate
        • Cannot debate or vote unless a tie
      • President Pro-Tempore
        • presides in senate when VP gone
      • Floor Leaders
        • Chief officers of parties, guide bills
      • Whips – assistant floor leaders
    • Intro. Of Bill
      • Only rep. or senator can intro. bill to Congress (ie S. 1805 or HR. 1854)
      • Appropriation Bill – Designed to increase spending in specific area; authorizes government to spend money
    • Committees
      • Function of each committee is to study the bills that belong in their specific area
      • Standing Committee
        • 17 in Senate and 19 in House
        • Deal with big issues (educ. Health care)
          • Study bill, Hold hearings, Propose Changes, Decide if vote is necessary by whole house or senate
      • Select Committee
        • Deals with problems not covered in Standing Committee
      • Joint Committee
        • House and Senate members conduct investigations
      • Conference Committees
        • Resolves Differences and sends back to H or S
    • President Role
      • Can sign into law
      • Can veto by
        • Sending back unsigned (overrode by 2/3 of congress)
        • Pocket Veto – hold for 10 days during which Congress ends its session
    • Stopping a Bill
      • Filibuster
        • Senators can block passage of bill by using long speeches in debate) – not in House
      • Cloture
        • Agreement to end debate on bill (requires 3/5 vote)