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The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
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The Legislative Branch

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  • 1. The Legislative Branch U.S. Congress
  • 2. Responsibilities of Congress <ul><li>Must Represent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constituents in Region/District </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Needs of Nation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political Party </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interest Groups and lobbyists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Try to persuade congressman to vote according to their interests </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self and morals </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. Representatives <ul><li>Number based on population </li></ul><ul><li>House of Rep. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Term = 2 years (reelection is unlimited) – 435 total in nation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Must </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Live in state </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>25 years old </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US citizen 7 years </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 4. Senators <ul><li>2 per state </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meets need of state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6 year terms (1/3 of all senators reelected every 2 years) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Live in state </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>30 years old </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US citizen 9 years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Deal more with non-domestic issues than House Representatives </li></ul>
  • 5. Powers Given to Congress <ul><li>Each power reflects goal of Preamble </li></ul><ul><li>Congressional Immunity – Congress members cannot be sued while speaking in Congress </li></ul>
  • 6. Congress Organization <ul><li>Speaker of the House – Presiding officer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large influence on bill passage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vice Pres. – Officer of Senate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot debate or vote unless a tie </li></ul></ul><ul><li>President Pro-Tempore </li></ul><ul><ul><li>presides in senate when VP gone </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Floor Leaders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief officers of parties, guide bills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Whips – assistant floor leaders </li></ul>
  • 7. Intro. Of Bill <ul><li>Only rep. or senator can intro. bill to Congress (ie S. 1805 or HR. 1854) </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriation Bill – Designed to increase spending in specific area; authorizes government to spend money </li></ul>
  • 8. Committees <ul><li>Function of each committee is to study the bills that belong in their specific area </li></ul><ul><li>Standing Committee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>17 in Senate and 19 in House </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deal with big issues (educ. Health care) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Study bill, Hold hearings, Propose Changes, Decide if vote is necessary by whole house or senate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Select Committee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deals with problems not covered in Standing Committee </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Joint Committee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House and Senate members conduct investigations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conference Committees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resolves Differences and sends back to H or S </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. President Role <ul><li>Can sign into law </li></ul><ul><li>Can veto by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sending back unsigned (overrode by 2/3 of congress) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pocket Veto – hold for 10 days during which Congress ends its session </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. Stopping a Bill <ul><li>Filibuster </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Senators can block passage of bill by using long speeches in debate) – not in House </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cloture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agreement to end debate on bill (requires 3/5 vote) </li></ul></ul>

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