Mn Indian Population For Web
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Mn Indian Population For Web

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MN Indian Pop notes

MN Indian Pop notes

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Mn Indian Population For Web Mn Indian Population For Web Presentation Transcript

  • MN Indian Population
      • 12 th largest American Indian population in the country
      • 1/3 live in central cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul
      • Make up 1% of MN population at about 50,000
  • Policy Issues
      • Tribes have power to make own laws governing internal matters
      • Trust responsibility between US and tribes was created through treaties and agreements in which land was surrendered in exchange for permanent protection of remaining lands and its tribal members
  • Poverty
      • 55% of American Indian children live in poverty
      • Most American Indians in MN have less than half the income of white households
      • Median income of Indian in MN is 16,983 compared to 34,466 for white (1998)
  • Education
      • American Indian drop-out rate for the state is 11-15% and 3% for all groups together
      • American Indians were .8% of the total enrollment in all collegiate institutions in the state
  • Employment
  • Crime
      • American Indians in MN are 10 times more likely than white MN’s to be in prison
      • 99% of all offenses committed by Indian offenders were done while under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs
  • MN Reservations and Tribes
    • In MN there are 7 Anishinaabe (Chippewa, Ojibwe) reservations and 4 Dakota (Sioux) communities
    • Reservation is a segment of land that belongs to one or more groups of Indians that was retained by tribes after ceding original homelands
        • It is not land that was given to American Indians by the federal government
    • Anishinabe Reservations
        • Are separate and distinct nations
  • MN Reservations and Tribes Cont’d
    • Anishinabe Reservations
          • Are separate and distinct nations and include
            • Grand Portage
            • Bois Forte
            • Red Lake
            • White Earth
            • Leech Lake
            • Fond du Lac
            • Mille Lacs
        • Dakota Communities
          • Was established by the treaty in 1851 which set aside a 10 mile wide strip of land on both sides of the MN River
  • MN Reservations and Tribes Cont’d
  • MN Reservations and Tribes Cont’d
            • Shakopee tribe organized in 1969
            • The four communities were reestablished in 1886 by Congress
          • 1. Shakopee Mdewakanton
          • 2. Prairie Island
          • 3. Lower Sioux
          • 4. Upper Sioux
  • Tribal Sovereignty
  • Tribal Sovereignty Cont’d
  • Treaties
      • Recognized the Indian nations as sovereign nations
      • All land in MN was gained by US through a series of treaties with the Anishinabe and Dakota
        • No great war took place
        • No American Indian leader gave the land away
        • Treaty of 1837
        • Between US government and several bands of the Anishinabe living in WI and eastern MN
        • Stated that band members and descendants would be able to hunt, fish, and harvest plants not only on the lands they reserved for themselves, but also on the lands they ceded
        • The treaty rights often conflict with the state laws
  • Perceptions
      • Indian tribes have money because of Casinos
        • Shakopee – per capita – over 1 million per year per member
        • Have donated 95.5 million to charitable organizations and Indian Tribes
        • Northern tribes do not use per capita sharing, instead they try to invest in the community
          • Not enough money to do all of it though
          • People left with very little money
        • 22 of 300 casinos accounted for 60% of the profits and revenues in nation
          • 1% of revenue made up from 80 casinos
        • Upper Midwest and Southwest are hotbed for Indian Gaming