Andrej Afonin

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Andrej Afonin

  1. 1. RESEARCH AND ASSEMBLING OF DISTRIBUTED LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS Andrej Afonin Kaunas University of Technology
  2. 2. Traditional education <ul><li>1 teacher – many students </li></ul><ul><li>1 source of information </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher in the middle </li></ul>
  3. 3. Learning enhanced with VLE <ul><li>1 teacher – many students </li></ul><ul><li>1 source of information </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher in the middle </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reuse of Learning Material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitated testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asynchronous communication </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Current situation in TEL <ul><li>1 teacher – many students </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple sources of information, teacher is one of many </li></ul><ul><li>Changing role of educator from being a manager to being a facilitator </li></ul><ul><li>Student in the middle </li></ul>
  5. 5. Solution <ul><li>A framework, meeting raised challenges, for building Personal Learning Environment (PLE). </li></ul><ul><li>A PLE is a concept based on Web 2.0 technology. It’s a browser based collection of tools which create an environment where learner access information from variety of sources </li></ul><ul><li>The main point of PLEs is that they are personal and they are learner-centric and can be whatever the learner wants them to be </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Laura Overton) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. PLE elements <ul><li>Production tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing own content e.g. blogs, wiki </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Collaboration and Sharing tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Share content with others </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communication tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instant messaging, video-conferencing, email </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Storage tools </li></ul><ul><li>Aggregation content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RSS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aggregating people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social networking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aggregating software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mash-ups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identity management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Single sign-on </li></ul></ul><ul><li>API and protocols </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key requirements for PLE to grow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Laura Overton) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Benefits <ul><li>Create a repository of material about particular subject matter </li></ul><ul><li>Communication and collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Organize material in a way is personal to you </li></ul><ul><li>Learn formally and informally </li></ul><ul><li>Learn at a time and place to suite you </li></ul><ul><li>Learn through out your life </li></ul><ul><li>Interact with colleagues and wider communities </li></ul><ul><li>Explore a subject in an informal manner </li></ul><ul><li>Reflect on your learning </li></ul><ul><li>Submit work for assessment and review </li></ul>
  8. 8. Drawbacks <ul><li>Number of tools and their use depends on learners computer performance </li></ul><ul><li>Informational literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Essential to reconcile the structured nature of formal education with informal attributes of networked learning </li></ul><ul><li>Data privacy and security issues </li></ul>
  9. 9. Educational issues <ul><li>Web 2.0 services use cases and learning scenarios </li></ul><ul><ul><li>trials with students </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>paper about iCamp distributed environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>paper about social software, past, presence and future tendencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>paper about use of social software in learning process </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Technological solutions <ul><li>.NET technologies + jQuery </li></ul><ul><li>OAuth protocol for a single sign-on </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed architecture support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Sockets , HTTP extension for synchronous and asynchronous communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Suitable for intensive data exchange </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dense applications with many independent elements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cross-domain applications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HTTP for establishing connection, pure TCP session for data exchange </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PubSubHubbub protocol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>open server-to-server publish/subscribe protocol as an extension to Atom and RSS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>turns existing Atom and RSS feeds to real-time streams </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Journal paper about distributed system design and implementation </li></ul>
  11. 11. Concerns && Discussions <ul><li>No concerns about technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Working prototype in 6 month </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Where is science? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>what to write in my thesis's </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Thank you slide  <ul><li>Thank you for your attention! </li></ul><ul><li>Andrej Afonin </li></ul><ul><li>Kaunas University of Technology </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>

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