0
Moving West
The Land Ordinance of 1785
&
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787
New Land Policies
• Beginning of the Revolution
– Only a few thousand lived
west of the Appalachian
Mountains
– Treaty of ...
States Relinquish Territories
• All states relinquished
land claims in the new
territory and gave it to
the congress
Congress in Debt
• Congress had no power
to tax the inhabitants of
the United States
– Goal of the Land
Ordinance of 1785
...
Dividing and Selling Land
• Congress surveyed and
Divided the land in
order to sell it to people
moving west.
• They passe...
Dividing the Land
• Divided into Townships
– 6 Miles Long

• Townships divided into
36 Sections
– 640 Acres
– Sold at publ...
Land Speculations
• Speculators viewed the law as an opportunity
to accumulate land cheaply
– Concerned with the lawlessne...
The Northwest Ordinance
Setting up government in the
Northwest Territory
The Northwest Ordinance
The Northwest Ordinance
• Passed in 1787
• Created the Northwest
Territory
• Would divide the lands
into 3-5 smaller
terri...
Setting Up Boundaries
• Northwest Territory
– First Organized Territory
of the United States

• Boundaries
– South of the ...
Abolition of State Claims
• The new territory was
to be controlled by the
central government
• States had to give up
their...
Reaching Statehood
• When the territory
reached a population of
5,000 “free male
inhabitants of full age”
they could form ...
Establishing Civil Rights
• Property Rights were
Promised
• Religious Tolerance was
proclaimed
• Free Public Education
• N...
The Prohibition of Slavery
• Slavery and Involuntary
Servitude was illegal
Rights of the Native Americans
• “The utmost good faith
shall always be
observed towards the
Indians; their land and
prope...
Land ordinance/ Northwest Ordinance
Land ordinance/ Northwest Ordinance
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Land ordinance/ Northwest Ordinance

170

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
170
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
13
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Land ordinance/ Northwest Ordinance"

  1. 1. Moving West The Land Ordinance of 1785 & The Northwest Ordinance of 1787
  2. 2. New Land Policies • Beginning of the Revolution – Only a few thousand lived west of the Appalachian Mountains – Treaty of Paris of 1763 • Proclamation Line of 1763 • Forbid moving West • By 1790’s – Treaty of Paris of 1783 allowed Americans to move west – Around 120,000 • Settlers wanted to organize their lands and join the Union
  3. 3. States Relinquish Territories • All states relinquished land claims in the new territory and gave it to the congress
  4. 4. Congress in Debt • Congress had no power to tax the inhabitants of the United States – Goal of the Land Ordinance of 1785 • To raise money through the sale of land • Pay off war debts • Organize new territories gained under the Treaty of Paris of 1783
  5. 5. Dividing and Selling Land • Congress surveyed and Divided the land in order to sell it to people moving west. • They passed the “Land Ordinance of 1785” to divide the land.
  6. 6. Dividing the Land • Divided into Townships – 6 Miles Long • Townships divided into 36 Sections – 640 Acres – Sold at public auctions for at least $1
  7. 7. Land Speculations • Speculators viewed the law as an opportunity to accumulate land cheaply – Concerned with the lawlessness in the West, Richard Henry Lee urged, “the rights of property be clearly defined” – Congress solved this problem by setting up a new Ordinance called “The Northwest Ordinance of 1787”
  8. 8. The Northwest Ordinance Setting up government in the Northwest Territory
  9. 9. The Northwest Ordinance
  10. 10. The Northwest Ordinance • Passed in 1787 • Created the Northwest Territory • Would divide the lands into 3-5 smaller territories
  11. 11. Setting Up Boundaries • Northwest Territory – First Organized Territory of the United States • Boundaries – South of the Great Lakes – North and West of the Ohio River – East of the Mississippi
  12. 12. Abolition of State Claims • The new territory was to be controlled by the central government • States had to give up their land claims in the West • Congress would be the legislative body of the new territories
  13. 13. Reaching Statehood • When the territory reached a population of 5,000 “free male inhabitants of full age” they could form a legislature. • Once the Territory reached a population of 60,000 it could apply for statehood – These states would be admitted to the Union with equal rights of the original 13 states.
  14. 14. Establishing Civil Rights • Property Rights were Promised • Religious Tolerance was proclaimed • Free Public Education • No Cruel or Unusual Punishment • Trial By Jury
  15. 15. The Prohibition of Slavery • Slavery and Involuntary Servitude was illegal
  16. 16. Rights of the Native Americans • “The utmost good faith shall always be observed towards the Indians; their land and property shall never be taken without their consent; and , in their property, rights, and liberty, they shall never be invaded or disturbed.”
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×