Drawings

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Drawings

  1. 1. Drawing Creation Communication Record
  2. 2. Drawing as a way of exploring the world: a personal passion
  3. 3. Drawing as a way of exploring the world: a personal passion
  4. 4. Drawing as a way of exploring the world: a personal passion
  5. 5. Drawing as a way of exploring the world: a personal passion
  6. 6. Drawing as a way of exploring the world: a personal passion
  7. 7. All constructions are designed • Buildings don’t just happen, they are planned in advance
  8. 8. Fundamentals of building design • Design is creative, on completion there is something new which did not exist before • Before anything exists, the architect has to visualise ideas for three reasons – As a creative tool for her/himself – As a communication tool within the design team – As a communication tool with the client
  9. 9. The building design process Conception RealisationDevelopment
  10. 10. Imagining an idea The building design process Conception RealisationDevelopment
  11. 11. It all starts with a drawing
  12. 12. It all starts with a drawing The Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao Frank Gehry
  13. 13. Conception: fooling around with drawings • Sketch proposals – Working to the initial brief, the designer will prepare sketch ideas. These need to be, at some stage, comprehensible to the client. – The brief will be revisited and revised many times during the course of design development. Initial sketches of the IC extension to the RAC Library
  14. 14. Conception: fooling around with drawings • Sketch proposals – Working to the initial brief, the designer will prepare sketch ideas. These need to be, at some stage, comprehensible to the client. – The brief will be revisited and revised many times during the course of design development. Initial sketches of the IC extension to the RAC Library
  15. 15. Conception: fooling around with drawings • Sketch proposals – Working to the initial brief, the designer will prepare sketch ideas. These need to be, at some stage, comprehensible to the client. – The brief will be revisited and revised many times during the course of design development. Initial sketches of the IC extension to the RAC Library
  16. 16. Conception: fooling around with drawings • Sketch proposals – Working to the initial brief, the designer will prepare sketch ideas. These need to be, at some stage, comprehensible to the client. – The brief will be revisited and revised many times during the course of design development. Initial sketches of the IC extension to the RAC Library
  17. 17. Development stage Conception RealisationDevelopment Alternative ideas explored to arrive at a fully developed solution
  18. 18. But what will it look like?
  19. 19. But what will it look like?
  20. 20. Developing the proposal • The initial presentation must be made simple and clear. 3-d sketches often help in clarity
  21. 21. Fully developed proposal • Most clients do not understand building plans. A model is often essential although 3-d rendering on computers can help.
  22. 22. Full working drawings of proposal • The designer prepares contract drawings and specifications, which tell the builder what he is to build and the client, what she is to pay for • These are general arrangement contract drawings for the IC extension
  23. 23. Even the Guggenheim needed working drawings
  24. 24. Detail development • The designer must tell the builder exactly how the building is to be constructed, through use of detail drawings and written specifications This is a working drawing through the eaves of a timber framed building
  25. 25. 3-dimensional explorations
  26. 26. Specialised detail • Unusual construction, such as this stone spiral staircase, will have to be drawn in fine, large scale detail if it is to be priced and built as desired.
  27. 27. Realisation stage Conception RealisationDevelopment The real building is built. The detailed drawings and documents from the development stage are used to control the whole process.
  28. 28. Realisation: the final reality • Once the contract drawings have been agreed and the contract placed, the builder can start.
  29. 29. Contract drawings Working drawings kept secure from point of signing contract as a record of what was agreed
  30. 30. To understand drawings: get a sketchbook!!
  31. 31. To understand drawings: get a sketchbook!!

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