• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
APUSH WWII homefront
 

APUSH WWII homefront

on

  • 2,246 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
2,246
Views on SlideShare
2,244
Embed Views
2

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
24
Comments
0

1 Embed 2

http://moodle2.cherokee.k12.ga.us 2

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    APUSH WWII homefront APUSH WWII homefront Presentation Transcript

    • World War Two Homefront
    • What must be done to win the war?
      • Increase production of war goods
        • War Production Board
      • Convince Americans to fight for democracy
        • Office of War Information
          • Posters, movies (no movies critical of America, like in 30’s!)
      • Subdue subversives
        • Japanese-American Internment
      • Ensure enough soldiers
        • Selective Service- 16 million served
    • Economics
      • Decrease domestic production
        • Few cars
        • Limited wash machines
        • Limited fridges
      • Increase War Materials
        • Airplanes 300,000
        • Tanks 88,000
        • Jeeps 3 million
        • Ships 7,000
        • Bullets BILLIONS!
      • Conservation at home
        • Rationing
        • Scrap drives
        • Victory Gardens
        • Saving instead of spending!
      • 1942 only 1% unemployment
      • 30% increase cost of living, but 70% increase in wages!
      • $185 billion raised in bonds to fund the war-BORROWING!
      • HOW??
      • War Production Board
      • National War Labor Board (Union membership up 50%!)
      • Smith-Connolly Act 1943
    • Society
      • Working Women
      • “ Rosie the Riveter”
      • 3/4 th were married
      • 1/4 th had children
      • Daycare idea expands
      • 18 million women worked
      • $31-32 wages a week ($50+ for men)
      • Marriage age decreased to 20.5 years old
      • Divorce increased
      • Increase juvenile delinquency
      • 350,000 women in Nurse’s Corp and military branches
      • Women’s role blurring…
      • Japanese
      • Executive order 9066 February 19, 1942
      • Relocation centers mostly out west (Co, WY, AZ, ND, MT, TX, GA) 16 states total
      • 424,000 held in camps at peak
      • 26 main camps, 511 branches
      • Korematsu v. US 1944
        • (military necessity allowed)
      • EO 9066 rescinded 1944
      • 33,000 served in armed forces (Hawaii)
    •  
    • Society Continued
      • Japanese continued
      • 1946 last camp closed
      • Future…
        • 1968 reparations paid for lost property
        • 1983 camps were ruled unjustified, formal apology
        • 1988 $20,000 paid to surviving internee (60,000)
    • Society
      • Italian and German Americans
        • Finger-printed, photographed, carry registration card at all times
        • In some places, travel restrictions, curfew
        • Why not as harsh as against Japanese Americans?
    • Society
      • Mexican Americans
        • Bracero Program- 300,000 to fill defense jobs in SW
        • 500,000 served in war
        • LA Riots 1943- anti-Mexican fervor
      • Native Americans
        • 25,000 served (1/3 of able bodied men)
        • “ Wouldn’t need selective service if everyone volunteered like the Indians”
        • Navajo Code Talkers
      • Chinese
        • Ended exclusion in 1943 because allies against Japan
    • Society – African-American
      • Double “V” by NAACP = Victory at home & abroad
        • Support by NAACP
      • CORE = Congress of racial equality
        • sit ins begin against Jim Crow
        • Limited success, but…
      • Military units still segregated (1 million AA men served)
      • 1941: Executive Order 8802 = fair employment practice for blacks, a civil rights movement by presidential intervention
        • A Phillip Randolph threats!
        • Committee on Fair Employment Practices
      • Still segregated units
      • 5.5 million move to cities (majority of blacks living in city)
        • Racial tension
    • CPUSA (not for exam)
      • Led by Joseph Peters to recruit employees in D.C. as FDR government expands to spy for Stalin
        • Work in state department, forged passports
        • Work in Lend-Lease, Manhattan Project (Theodore Hall)
        • Steal information from US airforce – make Mig 15
      • Why would Americans commit treason?
      • VERONA project to decode S.U. spies
        • Whittacker Chambers – Sr. Editor of Time magazine
        • Stalin purges 17-22 million - paranoid