APUSH WWII

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APUSH WWII

  1. 1. WW2 - Global View 1931-1941 Split screen your mind – Domestic and Foreign
  2. 2. <ul><li>Foreign </li></ul><ul><li>1931 Hoover - Stimson Doctrine, but Japan invades Manchuria </li></ul><ul><li>1933 Hitler chancellor </li></ul><ul><li>1935 Hitler with universal training & Mussolini invades Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>1936 Hitler march to Rhineland </li></ul><ul><li>1936 Japan build battle ready fleet </li></ul><ul><li>1936 General Francisco Franco rebels in Spain, Germany & Italy send troops and arms </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic </li></ul><ul><li>1931 Depression in USA </li></ul><ul><li>1933 FDR Presidency begins, FDR policy of Good Neighbor, and Nye Committee study by Gerald Nye (R-ND) </li></ul><ul><li>Why USA joined WW1 </li></ul><ul><li>1. USA loaned $ </li></ul><ul><li>2. USA sold weapons </li></ul><ul><li>3. USA allow travel </li></ul><ul><li>1934 Reciprocal Trade Agreement </li></ul><ul><li>1935-6 Neutrality Act </li></ul><ul><li>1. No selling arms/loans </li></ul><ul><li>2. No Travel on belligerent nations ships </li></ul><ul><li>1936 USA does not assist Spanish Republic. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Foreign </li></ul><ul><li>1937 Japan invades Nanking, China </li></ul><ul><li>12/1937 Panay Incident </li></ul><ul><li>3/1938 Hitler to unite all Germans so annexed Austria </li></ul><ul><li>9/1938 Munich Conference-Appeasement </li></ul><ul><li>Germany annex Sudetenland, agree not to take over anything else to B/F </li></ul><ul><li>3/1939 Hitler invades & annexed Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic </li></ul><ul><li>1937 Neutrality Act </li></ul><ul><li>1. Cash and Carry for non military goods </li></ul><ul><li>2. Neutrality in Civil Wars (Spain) </li></ul><ul><li>10/1937 FDR gives Quarantine the Aggressor Speech: trying to convince Americans to move away from isolation! </li></ul><ul><li>12/1937 USA / FDR accept Japans apology for Panay </li></ul><ul><li>1938-39 USA not involved with German activity </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Foreign </li></ul><ul><li>8/1939 Russo-German non-aggression Pact, Hitler free to enter Poland </li></ul><ul><li>September 1, 1939 Hitler invades Poland, start of World War 2 </li></ul><ul><li>France and Britain declare war </li></ul><ul><li>1940 German Blitzkrieg destroys France, Maginot Line, Dunkirk, French surrender </li></ul><ul><li>1940 Japan signs assistance pact with Germany and Italy </li></ul><ul><li>1940 Churchill new Britain prime minister, Neville Chamberlain out </li></ul><ul><li>6/1940 Battle of Britain begins </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic </li></ul><ul><li>1939 Neutrality Act </li></ul><ul><li>1. Cash and Carry </li></ul><ul><li>1940 FDR gets congress to enact 1st peaceful draft ever. 1.2 million drafted in one year </li></ul><ul><li>FDR wages radio war, fireside chats about aid to allies and role of Britain-”Great Arsenal of Democracy” Speech </li></ul><ul><li>11/1940 FDR defeats Wendell Wilkie, campaigns to support Britain so USA will not need to enter the war </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Foreign </li></ul><ul><li>1941 Hitler attacks Soviet Union so S.U. joins Britain versus Germany & Italy </li></ul><ul><li>1941 Japanese looks to invade Dutch East Indies </li></ul><ul><li>1941 Emperor Hirohito attacks Pearl Harbor with General Tojo in charge </li></ul><ul><li>12/11/1941 Italy & Germany declare war on USA </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic </li></ul><ul><li>March 11, 1941 Lend Lease Act, USA economic war with Germany </li></ul><ul><li>(economic sanctions begin) </li></ul><ul><li>Aug 1941 Atlantic Charter </li></ul><ul><li>1. Freedom of seas </li></ul><ul><li>2. Self-Determination </li></ul><ul><li>3. We are allies </li></ul><ul><li>October, 1941 USA announce trade embargo on Japan. Japan angry - General Tojo vows to attack USA in Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>December 7, 1941 Pearl Harbor attacked </li></ul><ul><li>8 battle ships </li></ul><ul><li>10 ships </li></ul><ul><li>340 airplanes </li></ul><ul><li>3500 people killed </li></ul><ul><li>Americans unite to declare war on Japan </li></ul>
  6. 7. Pearl Harbor
  7. 8. 1942 <ul><li>Dec 1941-May 1942: Japanese Blitzkrieg </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take over of Philippines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Retreat of Gen. MacArthur </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bataan Death March </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May 1942: Battle of Coral Sea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Admiral Nimitz defeats Japanese fleet- morale boost! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>June 1942: Battle of Midway Island </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turning Point! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aug 1942: Island-Hopping begins with Guadalcanal </li></ul><ul><li>1942: Battle of the Atlantic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>German supremacy! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1942: German advance across USSR, North Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Oct 1942: Battle of El-Alamein </li></ul><ul><ul><li>British stop Rommel’s offensive against the Suez Canal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turning Point </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aug 1942: Siege of Stalingrad </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germans stuck in city, surrounded by USSR </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. 1943 <ul><li>1943: Combined offensive on Asian mainland by British, Indians, Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 1943: Japanese leave Guadalcanal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shows how deadly the fight for the Pacific will be! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jan 1943: Casablanca Conf. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unconditional surrender </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jan 1943: Stalingrad defended, Germans pushed back! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turning Point! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May 1943: U-Boats pulled out of North Atlantic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Due to radar, convoy system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May 1943: Germans defeated in N. Africa, Med. Sea safe for shipping </li></ul><ul><li>July 1943: Invasion of Italy by British/US forces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mussolini overthrow, surrender of Italy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>German entrenches in Italy! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nov 1943: Tehran Conference </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 nd front, USSR controls E. Europe as they push Germans back, USSR will enter Pacific war when Hitler defeated </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. 1944 <ul><li>Continued island hoping… </li></ul><ul><li>Fall 1944: Battle of Leyte Gulf </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Destruction of Japanese fleet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retaking of Philippines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>June 1944: Rome liberated </li></ul><ul><li>June 6, 1944: D-Day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opening of 2 nd Front </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by Gen. Eisenhower </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversion, stormy weather, German focus on East, Hitler’s instance that invasion was coming at Pas de Calais </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aug 25, 1944: Liberation of Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Dec 1944: Battle of the Bulge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Last German offensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slows the Allied advance on Berlin </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. 1945 <ul><li>April-June 1945: Iwo Jima and Okinawa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic location for bombing of Japan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of Kamikaze pilots </li></ul></ul><ul><li>July 16, 1945: Los Alamos test </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ultimatum issued to Japan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aug 6, 1945: Hiroshima </li></ul><ul><ul><li>78,000 dead </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aug 9, 1945: Nagaski </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100,000 dead </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aug 14, 1945: VJ Day </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 1945: Yalta Conference </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-determination in E. Europe, create UN, rebuilding/split of Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Feb 1945: Continued Allied bombing </li></ul><ul><li>April 30, 1945: Hitler commits suidice </li></ul><ul><li>May 2, 1945: USSR enters Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>May 7, 1945: VE Day </li></ul>

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