North Of Italy Presentation 2
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  • Good presentation! I used it for my essay research. Could do with some more information about how different things link e.g. Business is connected to people and tourists - how?
    Very good though.
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North Of Italy Presentation 2 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The North of Italy
  • 2. The Alps The North Italian Plain The Apennines
  • 3. The Industrial Triangle
    • Turin
    The North Industrial Triangle
  • 4. The North Industrial Triangle – why locate industry here?
    • Flat land – easy to build on
    • Excellent communications with other Italian cities and the rest of Europe
    • Large labour force which is skilled and educated
    • What types of industry are located here?
    • Fashion
    • Cars e.g. Fiat
    • Electronics
    • Banking
    • Tourism
    • Newspapers
  • 5. So what type of employment is there in the North of Italy? Primary =
  • 6. Farming in the Northern Italian Plain
    • Rivers flowing from the Alps and the Apennines carry lots of silt down to the North Italian Plain making it very fertile .
    • The rivers provide plenty of water for crops and sometimes break their banks depositing material onto the plain-this is called a flood plain .
    • The land is very flat so using large machinery is easy to use
    • Good transport links to European markets
    Less extremes of temperatures than in the dry, hot south favours the growth of rice, cereal and vegetable crops
  • 7. Italy’s population
    • The North of Italy is very crowded – over 200 people per km ² - this is called population density i.e. the number of people in a given area
    • The North of Italy has the largest cities
    • It has a much larger population that the south of Italy
    • Why is the North of Italy more populated?
    • This relates to all of the factors we have discussed so far
    • The land on the North Italian Plain is very flat so building here is very easy
    • There are lots of jobs here
    • The climate provides rain all year round so farming is good here. This is also due to the fact that the soil is very fertile
  • 8. The South of Italy
  • 9. The Mezzogiorno
  • 10. So what type of employment is there in the South of Italy? Agriculture is the main employer in the isolated villages in the hills – poor level of income. Drought and poor soils make farming difficult. Farmers cannot afford to invest in new machinery
  • 11. Periphery of Europe
    • The South of Italy lies on the periphery of Europe in terms of economic development
    • Steep slopes of the Apennines have limited the building of good quality roads and railways connecting it to the wealthy markets of the North
    • Lack of raw materials and energy supply
    • This has led to limited industrial development in the south
    • Tourism is important in some areas
    • Out-migration has been a major problem but fewer migrate now
  • 12. Help for the South
    • Regional Aid
    • 1986 law to encourage private investment by offering grants loans and tax incentives
    • Fiat took up these offers and now produces more in the south than the north
    • EU funds for agriculture and industry. Coastal marshes drained and irrigation systems set up
    • Strict security needed as crime is so high
    • Tourism has become a focus for new investment
  • 13. Cassa per il Mezzogiorno (Cash for the South)
    • Launched in 1950’s
    • Jointly funded by Italian Government and Common Market (former EU)
    • 3 reforms aimed at agriculture
    • Absentee landlords estates split up
    • Growth poles set up for hopeful multiplier effect
    • Roads and railways built for better communications
  • 14. Success?
    • Mezzogiorno continues to lag behind the rest of Italy
    • Limited success for over 50 years of targeting funds
    • Disparities between north and south widening
    • Quality of life has improved for those in the south
    • Rate of change very slow
    • Many continue to migrate to the north and other EU countries
  • 15. Why did it fail?
    • Isolation
    • Oil price rise of 1974 and rationalization
    • Industry is either large state-owned or small family –owned
    • Physical environment not favourable to agriculture
    • Administration from central government poor
    • Corruption and organised crime