This Evenings Discussion Origins & History Definitions Positioning Technologies Architectures APIs, Standards, and Access Geoprocessing Primitives Privacy User Created Data and Advanced Analysis 10
13 911 Service Bureau Mobile Positioning Center ALI Database 4. Location Response 5. Positioning Location sent to ALI database ALI Request/Response 8. 7. Location Request 3. Call Routed to PSAP 6. 911 Service Bureau Call routed 2. 911 dialed 1. Govt. CAD & GIS Systems 9. Operator Switch Response Teams Deployed to distressed callers location 10.
Three Technology Camps Mobile Communications Consumer Electronics and Semiconductor The Web 29
Mobile Communications Limited to Cellular Location Technologies Server-Centric Designs Inherited by 911 Voice-Architectures (SS7) Mobile Positioning Centers, Gateway Mobile Location Centers Secure User Plane Location (SuPL) Web services-based access (OMA-MLP, Parlay-X, RESTful APIs) Tightly Controlled by Network Operators Expensive Systems = High-Cost Premiums to Developers 30
Electronics & Semiconductor Client-Centric GPS/A-GPS Technologies Network-Agnostic, Sometimes Unconnected IP-based Data Architectures for Assisted GPS Exposed Through Mobile OS APIs, Controlled by Manufacturers Not just phones. PCs, ultra mobile PCs, personal media players, mp3 players, digital cameras, digital video recorders, PC cards, PNDs, watches, dedicated locator devices Very low cost (£3 per chipset) 31
The Web IP Address and WiFi Mapping Initially Emerging support for carrier-independent Cell-ID Exposed Through Services, Browsers, and OS Cores Core Location from OS Standards-based W3C GeoLocation from the Browser Control is Distributed Across the Web of Players Price of the Web = Free 32
1. Customer service request reported through call center or portal into CRM or ERP 2. ERP or CRM Application queries Location Web service for closest available field worker 4. Application delivers work orders as messages to phones Presence, Location Messaging 3. Application queries GIS Web service for Maps, Routes, etc