1. ICES Educational Opportunity Joshua Spencer EDUC 8144-1Teacher Leadership: Trends, Issues, and Global Perspectives Dr. Katherine Koss: Instructor Ireland
2. Educational Opportunity: A Study of the Culture, Customs, and Education Briefly explain aspects that affect and influence education (culture, geography, etc.) Explain and support impacts on learning, noting traits that apply to the culture in the study Suggest resources that provide a better understanding of the Ireland culture Invite colleagues questions, observations, and input Submit a lesson/activities that promotes understanding and respect of the culture and differences
3. Background InformationU.S. relations with Ireland have long been based oncommon ancestral ties and shared values, and emigrationhas been a foundation of the U.S.-Irish relationship.Besides regular dialogue on political and economic issues,the U.S. and Irish Governments have official exchanges inareas such as medical research and education. WithIrelands membership in the European Union (EU),discussions of EU trade and economic policies as well asother aspects of EU policy have also become key elementsin the U.S.-Irish relationship(http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3180.htm)
4. Background Information Cont. Economic and trade ties are an important to U.S.-Irish relations. U.S. exports to Ireland include electrical components and equipment, computers, pharmaceuticals, and livestock feed. Irish exports to the United States include alcoholic beverages, chemicals, electronic data processing equipment, electrical machinery, textiles and clothing, and glassware. U.S. firms account for over half of Irelands total exports U.S. investment has been particularly important to the growth and modernization of Irish industry, providing new technology, export capabilities, and employment opportunities. U.S. subsidiaries in Ireland employ roughly 100,000 people and span activities from manufacturing of high-tech electronics, computer products, medical supplies, and pharmaceuticals to retailing, banking, finance, and other services. In more recent years, Ireland has also become an important research and development center for U.S. firms in Europe .(http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3180.htm)
5. Background Information Cont. Education has always been important in Ireland Prior to national system established in 1831, a vast network of schools already existed Education is considered the most important aspect in the development of Irish Society Many aspects of the administration of the Irish education system are centralized in the Department of Education and Science. The Department sets the general regulations for the recognition of schools, prescribes curricula, establishes regulations for the management, resourcing and staffing of schools, and negotiates teachers salary scales
6. Lesson Plan Objectives Explain Why St. Patrick’s Day is celebrated around the world and it significance Locate cities in the United States and in Ireland on a map Research the history of Ireland and create a timeline containing major events Compare the government of Ireland to the government of the United States Demonstrate research skills by creating a student’s almanac focusing on Ireland Demonstrate different writing techniques by making a travel brochure highlighting Ireland and writing a letter
7. Activity #1: St. Patrick’s Day Explore St. Patrick and find out more about the customs by visiting web page “St. Patrick’s Festival” at http://www.irish-times.com/St.Patricks/dublin/fallon/html. Create a biography of St. Patrick to include the following: 1. Who was St. Patrick? 2. What did he do that was significant in Ireland? 3. What were his major contributions to Ireland? What American holidays do we celebrate that are a result of a famous person’s contributions? Can you list any?
8. Activity #2: Where in the World? Look at a map of Ireland by going to the web page “Map of Ireland” at http://www.lib.utexas.edu/Libs/PCL/Map_collection/europe/Ireland Locate the following cities: Dublin, Belfast, Shannon Compare distances between cities by visiting “How Far Is It?” at http://www.indo.com/distance/. Find the distances between the Irish cities and the following U.S. cities: Chicago, Atlanta, Dallas, and New York. Create a mileage chart listing the distances What other kind of information can you find about the Irish cities? Which is the closest to you home? Which is the farthest?
9. Activity #3 – History of Ireland Students will read about Irish History by going to “Irish History – The Story of the Irish RaceIreland Earthlore” – Irish Cultural Explorations at: http://www.vrretail.com/history.htm looking for the following:1. From where did most of the first Irish settlers come from?2. What was the Bronze Age?3. What famous person arrived in 432 AD4. Why did Irish history change forever in the 4th century?5. When did the age of illumination end6. What happened when the Vikings arrived and what impact is that having on Ireland still today?7. What does England have to do with Ireland?8. Who was Oliver Cromwell?9. What was the darkest period in Irish history?10. What conflict in still going on today?
10. Activity #3 continued When students are finished with their research, the will create a timeline and mural in the classroom. It will include the highlights of Irish history as well as illustrations and pictures made or cut from magazines or newpaper
11. Activity #4: Politics and Power Students will go the web pages “Facts about Ireland – The Irish State” at http://www.irlgov.ie/iveagh/foreignaffairs/facts/fai/chapter2/HOME2.HTML and “The CIA World Factbook” at http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/nsolo/wtb-all.htm Students will find the following information about Ireland and create a page that gives this information in an organized manner: 1. After whom is the country of Ireland named? 2. What does the Irish flag look like and what do the the colors mean? 3. Look for information about land division and create a pie chart that displays the information 4. How many provinces and countries make up Ireland? 5. Compare the governments of the United States and Ireland using the following headings: Type of Government, Head of Government, Office Term, Legislative Structure, Courts, Major Parties
12. Activity #5: Create A Child’s Almanac Students will go to the web page “Facts about Ireland” at http://www.irlgov.ie/iveagh/foreignaffairs/facts/fai/HOME.HTML Students will look at the following categories to find information they think is most important to include in the almanac: Land and People, Physical Feature/Climate, Wildlife, Environment, Religion, Educational System, Population, Language, History, The Irish State, National Day, Flag, Anthem, Emblem – Meaning, Culture, Literature, Art, Music, Folklore Students can also used information from prior activities to include in this almanac Students can design their almanac using the computer or pencils and constructions paper.
13. Activity #6: Taking a Virtual Tour Students will visit the following websites to help gather information about Ireland:“Quick VisIT Guide to Ireland” at http://www.visit.ie/countries/ie/dublin/index.htmlVirtual Tour of Ireland at http://homearts.com/depts/pastime/eiref1.htm“An Interactive Travel Guide to the Best of Ireland at http://www.iol.ie/~discover/“Virtual Tourist Guide to Ireland” at http://www.bess.tcd.ie/ireland.htm After visiting the websites, students will make a list of places that the most intriguing to them, and then write a persuasive letter to encourage a friend to visit Ireland Students will also create a travel guide for visitors to Ireland. It will contain key items that a traveler will need to know before visiting Ireland. Once the travel guide is created, it will be place in the school library for students and parents to view
14. Differentiation Strategies: Activities can be designed to meet the needs of individual students Activities allow students to work by themselves, in groups, work with a peer, use technology, practice research skills Certain activities allow students to decide what should included (ex. brochure) Students can be assessed during activities as well as looking at the final product Teacher is more of a guide rather than feeding the information to the students Acitivities can highlight a variety of learning styles
15. Differentiation Continued Peer Grouping Writing/Presentation Skills Collaboration Use of technology Research Skills Creativity/Artistic Abilities Flexible Grouping
16. Aspects Affecting Education in IrelandEthnic Groups: Ireland is made up of 87.4%Irish. Currently, Ireland is experiencing anincrease in immigrants, which it is not usedtoImpact on Education: Ireland is increasingits support and funding for interculturaleducation. The increased number ofimmigrants, there is a gap between thosewho speak English at home and those whodo not
17. Aspects ContinuedMathematics PISA Scores: Ranked 32 out of65 countries participatingImpact on education: Focused on math, aswell as science, initiatives since moving froman agricultural society to a technological andindustrial society
18. Aspects ContinuedEducation Expenditures: 4.9% of GDP(2007)Impact on Education: Students do not haveto enter school until the age of six. Irelandis spending more time focusing on 3 40 4year olds before they enter school; focusingon providing educational opportunities for allstudents in different parts of the country;started effort in 2007 to reduce class size byhiring teachers and focusing more on ruralschools
19. Aspects ContinuedLabor Force (By Occupation): Services 76%,Industry 19%, Agriculture 5%Impact on education: Ireland is movingfrom a past history as an agriculturaleconomy to one based on technology andindustry; increased emphasis on math andscience
20. Aspects ContinuedTransportation: Airports 107th in the world;Railways 54th in the world; Roadways 46th inthe worldImpact on Education: Ireland is increasingfunding for transportation, especially in therural parts of the country; This will providegreater access to educational opportunitiesfor students not only to different parts ofIreland, but to parts of Europe as well
21. Aspects ContinuedEducational System: Pre-School, Primary, Second Level(Middle and High School), Third Level(Technical/College/University)Impacts on Education: Ireland views education as a centralpart to the economic, social, and cultural success to thedevelopment of Ireland; PISA Scores (Reading: 21st,Mathematics: 32nd, Science 20th); Developing a scientificapproach to problem solving which emphasizesunderstanding and constructive thinking, encouragingchildren to explore, develop and apply scientific ideas andconcepts through designing and making activities , andfostering children’s natural curiosity to develop independentinquiry and creative action
22. S.W.O.T. Analysis Strengths: Strengths can be found in Ireland’s desire to educate their population and provide opportunities for all students to have access to a quality education. Weaknesses: There are still parts of Ireland that are very rural, and getting those students to schools can be difficult. Continued funding to transportation services needed Opportunities: spending time on 3 and 4 year olds so when students enter school at age 6 they are better prepared to handle academics Threats: Increased immigration is something Ireland is not used to as they continue to move to a technological and industrial society from an agricultural society; Need support for intercultural education
23. ReferencesA Brief Description of the Irish System – Department of Education (2012).Retrieved from http://www.education.ie/en/Publications/Education-Reports/A-Brief-Description-of-the-Irish-Education-System.pdfCentral Intelligence Agency (2011). The world factbook: Ireland and UnitedStates. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ei.html.Educational Research Center – Ireland (2012). Retrieved fromhttp://www.erc.ie/?s=1Ireland Education (2012). Retrieved fromhttp://www.education.ie/en/Publications/Education-Reports/Ireland Geography (2012). Retrieved fromhttp://www.discoverireland.com/us/ireland-plan-your-visit/facts/Ireland People and Society (2012). Retrieved fromhttp://www.citizensinformation.ie/en/education/the_irish_education_system/overview_of_the_irish_education_system.htmlProgram for International Student Assessment (2009). Retrieved fromhttp://www.pisa.oecd.org/pages/0,2987,en_32252351_32235731_1_1_1_1_1,00.html
24. References Cont.United States Department of State – United StatesRelations with Ireland (2012). Retrieved fromhttp://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3180.htm