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  • 1. NAME- Sumit MukherjeeBATCH-EMAIL ID-SECTION-Faculty Name-Project Title- TourismDate Of Submission- 1 TOURISM
  • 2. Introduction:-Tourism in IndiaTourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the nationalGDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. India witnesses more than 17.9 million annualforeign tourist arrivals and 740 million domestic tourism visits. The tourism industry in Indiagenerated about 100 US$ billion in 2008 and that is expected to increase to US$275.5 billion by2018 at a 9.4% annual growth rateIn the year 2011, 17.9 million foreign tourists visited India.Majority of foreign tourists come from USA and UK. Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Delhi, UttarPradesh and Rajasthan are the top 5 states to receive inbound tourists.Domestic tourism in thesame year was massive at 740 million. Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu andMaharashtra received the big share of these visitors.Ministry of Tourism is the nodal agency toformulate national policies and programmes for the development and promotion of tourism. Inthe process, the Ministry consults and collaborates with other stakeholders in the sector includingvarious Central Ministries/agencies, the State Governments/ union Territories and therepresentatives of the private sector. Concerted efforts are being made to promote new forms oftourism such as rural, cruise, medical and eco-tourism.[5] The Ministry of Tourism is the nodalagency for the development and promotion of tourism in India and maintains the Incredible Indiacampaign.According to World Travel and Tourism Council, India will be a tourism hotspot from 2009–2011 having the highest 10-year growth potential.The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report2007 ranked tourism in India 6th in terms of price competitiveness and 39th in terms of safety 2 TOURISM
  • 3. and security.Despite short- and medium-term setbacks, such as shortage of hotel rooms,tourismrevenues are expected to surge by 42% from 2007 to 2017.Indias 5,000 years of history, itslength, breadth and the variety of geographic features make its tourism basket large and varied. Itpresents heritage and cultural tourism along with medical, business and sports tourism. India hasa growing medical tourism sector. The 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi were expected tosignificantly boost tourism in India.Research Objectives:- To promote healthy relationship among individuals who are actively engaged in tourism related business through useful interaction, organising regular meetings and cultural and social activities. To set up educational institutions and other institutions which create an environment for offering various courses in tourism and get affiliation/approval from University/Universities or other institutions for conducting such courses. To institute awards, prizes and gifts for encouraging tourism. To promote and improve the standard and quality of tourist movement in India. To reward and recognise, persons and organisations working in the field of tourism. To provide medical insurance and other welfare schemes to tourism related persons. To collaborate with tourism related industries like hotels for mutual benefit. To establish a printing and publishing house or otherwise bring out periodicals, magazines and books. To engage in charitable and social service activities of every kind to help the poor, needy, aged, ill, backward and weaker sections of the general public without discrimination of religion, caste, creed or sex. To purchase, construct, take on lease or otherwise acquire land, building and other movable and immovable properties and to sell, lease, mortgage or hypothecate or otherwise dispose of all or any of the property and assets of the society on such terms and conditions as the society may deem fit for attaining the objects. To accept donations in cash or in kind, grants and collect subscriptions, fees and other charges for the services rendered by the society and take and raise funds by way of loans or otherwise and the 3 TOURISM
  • 4. receipts shall be solely utilised and applied towards the promotion of aim and objectives of the society. To do all other lawful acts, as are necessary for and/or incidental to the attainment of the aims and objectives of the society.Andhra PradeshCharminar in HyderabadThe state of Andhra Pradesh comprises like scenic hills, forests, beaches and temples. Alsoknown as The City of Nizams and The City of Pearls, Hyderabad is today one of the mostdeveloped cities in the country and a modern hub of information technology, ITES, andbiotechnology. Hyderabad is known for its rich history, culture and architecture representing itsunique character as a meeting point for North and South India, and also its multilingual culture,Andhra Pradesh is the home of many religious pilgrim centres: Tirupati, the abode of Lord Venkateswara, is the richest and most visited religious center (of any faith) in the world. Srisailam, the abode of Sri Mallikarjuna, is one of twelve Jyothirlingalu in India. Amaravathis Siva temple is one of the Pancharamams, Vemulavada temple, one of the old abodes of Lord Shiva, reputed as Dakshina Kashi - Benaras of South India. Vemulavada temple is built by Chalukya Kings between AD 750 and 975. Yadagirigutta, the abode of an avatara of Vishnu, Sri Lakshmi Narasimha. 4 TOURISM
  • 5. The Ramappa Temple and Thousand Pillar Temple in Warangal are famous tourist spots and depict the finest taste of Kakatiya dynasty for arts & culture and temple carvings. Warangal is also home to Medaram - the Asias largest tribal fair/festival called "Sammakka Saralamma Jatara". Gnana Saraswati Temple, Basar is one of the only two Saraswati Temples in India.Famous Buddhist centres: Amaravathi - Guntur District. Nagarjuna Konda - Bhattiprolu. Mangalagiri - Near to Vijaywada City. Ghantasala - Krishna District. Nelakondapalli - Krishna District. Dhulikatta - Karim Nagar District. Lingapalem - West Godavari District.Others are Bavikonda, Thotlakonda, Shalihundam, Pavuralakonda, Sankaram, Phanigiri andKolanpaka.Pilgrim Centres and Temples: Sri Venkateswara Swami Temple - The abode of Lord Venkateswara, is the richest and most visited religious center (of any faith) in the world situated in Tirupathi City. Sri Kanaka Durga Temple - One of the Shkati Peetams situated in Vijayawada City. Sri Mallikaruna Temple - One of the Jyothirlingams situated in Srisilam Town. Sri Varaha Lakshmi Narashima Temple - Situated at Simhachalam near to Vizag City. Sri Kalashastiswara Temple - Situated at Srikalahasti Town. Sri Venkateswara Swami Temple - known as china Tirupathi located at Dwaraka Tirumala Town. 5 TOURISM
  • 6. Sri Amaralingeswara Swami Temple - One of the Pancharamas located at Amaravathi Town. Sri Someswara Swami Temple - One of the Pancharamas located at Bhimavaram Town. Sri Kshira Rama Lingeswara Swami Temple - One of the Pancharamas located at Palakol town. Sri Bhimeswara Swami Temple - One of the Pancharamas located at Rama Chandra Puram Town. Sri Satyanarayana Swami Temple - Located at Annavaram Town. Ramappa Temple - Near to Warangal City.Thosands of oldest temples are situated in Andhra pradesh.Attractions: Charminar - Center of the Hyderabad Old City. Goloconda Fort - Largest and 400 years oldest fort. Makka Masjid - Masjid in Hyderabad City. Ramoji Film City - Largest Film City in the world situated in Hyderabad City. Kilash giri - Mountain View along with beach side situated in Vizag City. Bhimili Beach - Beautiful Beach near to Vizag City. Araku Valley - known as Andhra Ooty near to Vizag City. Borra Caves - caves formed 1 million years ago situated near to Vizag City.The golden beaches at Visakhapatnam, the one-million-year old limestone caves at Borra,picturesque Araku Valley, hill resorts of Horsley Hills, river Godavari racing through a narrowgorge at Papi Kondalu, waterfalls at Ettipotala, Kuntala and rich bio-diversity at Talakona, aresome of the natural attractions of the state. Visakhapatnam is home to many tourist attractionssuch as the INS Karasura Submarine museum, Yarada Beach, Araku Valley, VUDA Park, IndiraGandhi Zoological Gardens. The weather in Andhra Pradesh is mostly tropical and the best time 6 TOURISM
  • 7. to visit is in November through to January. The monsoon season commences in June and ends inSeptember, so travel would not be advisable during this period.Golkonda (Telugu: , Urdu: ‫ ,)ادنوکلوگ‬a ruined city of south-central India andcapital of ancient Kingdom of Golkonda (c. 1364–1512), is situated 11 km west of Hyderabad.The most important builder of Golkonda was a Kakatiya King. Ibrahim was following in thespirit of his ancestors, the Qutub Shahi kings, a great family of builders who had ruled thekingdom of Golkonda from 1512. Their first capital, the fortress citadel of Golkonda, was rebuiltfor defense from invading Mughals from the north. They laid out Golkondas splendidmonuments, now in ruins, and designed a perfect acoustical system by which a hand clapsounded at the forts main gates, the grand portico, was heard at the top of the citadel, situated ona 300-foot (91 m)-high granite hill. This is one of the fascinating features of the fort.AssamIndian Rhinoceroses grazing at the Kaziranga National Park.Assam is the central state in the North-East Region of India and serves as the gateway to the restof the Seven Sister States. Assam boasts of famous wildlife preserves – the Kaziranga NationalPark, which is home to the Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros and the Manas National Parkand Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary (These first two parks are UNESCO World Heritage Site), thelargest river island Majuli, historic Sivasagar, famous for the ancient monuments of AhomKingdom, the city of eternal romance, Tezpur and tea-estates dating back to time of British Raj.The weather is mostly sub-tropical. Assam experiences the Indian monsoon and has one of the 7 TOURISM
  • 8. highest forest densities in India. The winter months (October end half to first half of April) arethe best time to visit.Assam has a rich cultural heritage going back to the Ahom Kingdom, which governed the regionfor many centuries before the British occupation. Other notable features include the BrahmaputraRiver, the mystery of the bird suicides in Jatinga, numerous temples including Kamakhya ofTantric sect. Gurdwara Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur also known as Damdama Sahib at Dhubri - Thisfamous Gurudwara is situated in the heart of the Dhubri Town on the bank of the mightyBrahmaputra river in far north-east India. Guru Teg Bahadur the holy Sikh Guru visited thisplace in 1505 and met Srimanta Sankardeva (the founder of the Mahapuruxiya Dharma) as theGuru traveled from Dhaka to Assam, ruins of palaces, etc. Guwahati, the capital city of Assam,boasts many bazaars, temples, and wildlife sanctuaries.BiharMahabodhi Temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site 8 TOURISM
  • 9. Bihar is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world with history of 3000 years.The rich culture and heritage of Bihar is evident from the innumerable ancient monuments thatare dotted all over this state in eastern India. This is the place of Aryabhata, Great Ashoka,Chanakya and many other great historical figures.Attractions: Patna - The capital of Bihar, famous for its rich history and royal architecture. Gaya - Known for Bodh Gaya the place at which Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment. Muzaffarpur - Famous for its education. Kesariya - Location of the worlds largest Buddhist Stupa. Nalanda - Location of one of the worlds oldest university. Sasaram - Tomb of Sher Shah Suri, the great Emperor of medieval India. Sonpur - The Sonepur cattle fair or Sonepur Mela, it is the biggest cattle fair of Asia and stretches on from fifteen days to one month. Takht Sri Patna Sahib - One of the famous Sikh pilgrimage known for the birth place of Sikhs Tenth Guru Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib. Darbhanga - It is among the oldest cities of Bihar. Famous for the Maharaja forts and Kali Mandir. Munger - Home to the only Yoga University in the world, Bihar School of Yoga. Religious places such as Shakti Peethas.Bihar is one of the most sacred places of various religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism,Sikhism & Islam. Famous Attraction includes Mahabodhi Temple, a Buddhist shrine andUNESCO World Heritage Site is also situated in Bihar, Barabar Caves the oldest rockcut cavesin India, Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Library the oldest library of India. 9 TOURISM
  • 10. ChhattisgarhChhattisgarh is a new state but with an ancient civilization, which can be felt by visiting thehistorical remains in the state. The state is blessed by nature with magnificent water falls,mountains, forests and wildlife. The Green State of Chhattisgarh has 41.33% of its area underforests and is one of the richest bio-diversity areas in the country. There are many touristattractions worth seeing.Main attractions of Chhattisgarh are Chitrakot Waterfalls, Kutumsar Caves, Ramgarh and SitaBengra, Bhoramdeo temple, Sirpur, Rajim, Ratanpur and Malhar.DelhiLotus TempleDelhi is the capital city of India. A fine blend of old and new, ancient and modern, Delhi is amelting pot of cultures and religions. Delhi has been the capital of numerous empires that ruledIndia, making it rich in history. The rulers left behind their trademark architectural styles. Delhicurrently has many renowned historic monuments and landmarks such as the Tughlaqabad fort,Qutub Minar, Purana Quila, Lodhi Gardens, Jama Masjid, Humayuns tomb, Red Fort, andSafdarjungs Tomb. Modern monuments include Jantar Mantar, India Gate, Rashtrapati Bhavan,Laxminarayan Temple, Lotus temple and Akshardham Temple. 10 TOURISM
  • 11. New Delhi is famous for its British colonial architecture, wide roads, and tree-lined boulevards.Delhi is home to numerous political landmarks, national museums, Islamic shrines, Hindutemples, green parks, and trendy malls.GoaGoa is noted for its resorts and beaches.Goa is one of the most famous tourist destinations in India. A former colony of Portugal, Goa isfamous for its excellent beaches, Portuguese churches, Hindu temples, and wildlife sanctuaries.The Basilica of Bom Jesus, Mangueshi Temple, Dudhsagar Falls, and Shantadurga are famousattractions in Goa. Recently a Wax Museum (Wax World) has also opened in Old Goa housing anumber of wax personalities of Indian history, culture and heritage.The Goa Carnival is a world famous event, with colorful masks and floats, drums andreverberating music, and dance performances. 11 TOURISM
  • 12. Himachal PradeshThe Himalayan landscape of Himachal Pradesh is ideal for out-door activities such as skiingHimachal Pradesh is famous for its Himalayan landscapes and popular hill-stations. Manyoutdoor activities such as rock climbing, mountain biking, paragliding, ice-skating, and heli-skiing are popular tourist attractions in Himachal Pradesh.Shimla, the state capital, is very popular among tourists. The Kalka-Shimla Railway is aMountain railway which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Shimla is also a famous skiingattraction in India. Other popular hill stations include Manali and Kasauli.Dharamshala, home of the Dalai Lama, is known for its Tibetan monasteries and Buddhisttemples. Many trekking expeditions also begin here. 12 TOURISM
  • 13. Jammu and KashmirJammu & Kashmir is known for its scenic landscapeJammu and Kashmir is the northernmost state of India. Jammu is noted for its scenic landscape,ancient temples and mosques, Hindu and Muslim shrines, castles, gardens and forts. The Hinduholy shrines of Amarnath in Kashmir Valley attracts about .4 million Hindu devotees every year.Vaishno Devi also attract thousands of Hindu devotees every year. Jammus historic monumentsfeature a unique blend of Islamic and Hindu architecture styles.Tourism forms an integral part of the Kashmiri economy. Often dubbed "Paradise on Earth",Kashmirs mountainous landscape has attracted tourists for centuries. Notable places are DalLake, Srinagar Phalagam, Gulmarg, Yeusmarg and Mughal Gardens etc. Kashmirs naturallandscape has made it one of the popular destinations for adventure tourism in South Asia.In recent years, Ladakh has emerged as a major hub for adventure tourism. This part of GreaterHimalaya called "moon on earth" consists of naked peaks and deep gorges. Leh, the capital, isalso a growing tourist spot. 13 TOURISM
  • 14. Karnataka[edit] KarnatakaMysore Palace, illuminated for the Dasara festival. This receives 2.7 million tourists, second highest inIndiaKarnataka has been ranked as fifth most popular destination for tourism among states of India.Ithas the second highest number of protected monuments in India, at 507.Kannada dynasties like Kadambas, Western Gangas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Hoysalas,Vijayanagaras anf the Kingdom of Mysore ruled from what is today Karnataka.They built greatmonuments to Buddhism, Jainism, Shaivism. These monuments are preserbed at Badami,Aihole, Pattadakal, Mahakuta, Hampi, Lakshmeshwar, Sudi, Hooli, Mahadeva Temple (Itagi),Dambal, Lakkundi, Gadag, Hangal, Halasi, Galaganatha, Chaudayyadanapura, Banavasi, Belur,Halebidu, Sringeri, Shravanabelagola, Sannati, Nanjangud, Mysore, Nandi Hills, Kolar,Mudabidri, Gokarna, Bagali, Kuruvatti and many more. Notable Islamic monuments are presentat Bijapur, Bidar, Gulbarga, Raichur and other part of the state. Gol Gumbaz at Bijapur, has thesecond largest pre-modern dome in the world after the Byzantine Hagia Sophia. Karnataka hastwo World heritage sites, at Hampi and Pattadakal.Karnataka is famous for its waterfalls. Jog falls of Shimoga District is one of the highestwaterfalls in Asia. This state has 21 wildlife sanctuaries and five National parks and is home tomore than 500 species of birds. Karnataka has many beaches at Karwar, Gokarna, Murdeshwara,Surathkal. Karnataka is a rock climbers paradise. Yana in Uttara Kannada, Fort in Chitradurga, 14 TOURISM
  • 15. Ramnagara near Bangalore district, Shivagange in Tumkur district and tekal in Kolar district area rock climbers heavenKerala[edit] KeralaKerala, nicknamed as "Gods own country," is famous for its houseboats.Kerala is a state on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. Nicknamed as one of the"10 paradises of the world" by National Geographic, Kerala is famous especially for its eco-tourism initiatives. Its unique culture and traditions, coupled with its varied demography, hasmade it one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. Growing at a rate of 13.31%, thetourism industry significantly contributes to the states economy. Kerala is known for its tropicalbackwaters and pristine beaches such as Kovalam.Popular attractions in the state include the beaches at Kovalam, Cherai and Varkala; the hillstations of Munnar, Nelliampathi, Ponmudi and Wayanad; and national parks and wildlifesanctuaries at Periyar and Eravikulam National Park. The "backwaters" region—an extensivenetwork of interlocking rivers, lakes, and canals that centre on Alleppey, Kumarakom, andPunnamada—also see heavy tourist traffic. Heritage sites, such as the Padmanabhapuram Palace,Hill Palace, Mattancherry Palace are also visited. Cities such as Kochi andThiruvananthapuram(Trivandrum) are popular centres for shopping and traditional theatricalperformances. 15 TOURISM
  • 16. The states tourism agenda promotes ecologically sustained tourism, which focuses on the localculture, wilderness adventures, volunteering and personal growth of the local population. Effortsare taken to minimise the adverse effects of traditional tourism on the natural environment, andenhance the cultural integrity of local people.Madhya PradeshThe temples of Khajuraho are famous for their erotic sculptures. The Khajuraho group of monumentsare a UNESCO World Heritage Site.Madhya Pradesh is called the "Heart of India" because of its location in the centre of the country.It has been home to the cultural heritage of Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism.Innumerable monuments, exquisitely carved temples, stupas, forts and palaces are dotted all overthe state.The temples of Khajuraho are world-famous for their erotic sculptures, and are a UNESCOWorld Heritage Site. Gwalior is famous for its fort, Jai Vilas Palace, the Tomb of RaniLakshmibai, Md. Ghaus & Tansen.Madhya Pradesh is also known as Tiger State because of the tiger population. Famous nationalparks like Kanha, Bandhavgadh, Shivpuri, Sanjay, Pench are located in Madhya Pradesh.KunoPalpur national park is getting african cheetas and is expected to become only reserve having 16 TOURISM
  • 17. four species of big cats(lion, tiger, leopord and cheetah). Spectacular mountain ranges,meandering rivers and miles and miles of dense forests offering a unique and exciting panoramaof wildlife in sylvan surroundings.MaharashtraMumbai is the most popular cosmopolitan city in India, famous for its architecture, shopping,gastronomy, and Bollywood. Maharashtra accounts for largest foreign tourists arrivals in India.[2]Maharashtra is the most visited state in India by foreign tourists,[2] with more than 5.1 millionforeign tourists arrivals annually. Maharashtra boasts of a large number of popular and reveredreligious venues that are heavily frequented by locals as well as out-of-state visitors.Ajanta 17 TOURISM
  • 18. Caves, Ellora Caves and Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus are the three UNESCO World Heritagesites in Maharashtra and are highly responsible for the development of Tourism in the stateMumbai is the most popular cosmopolitan city in India, and a great place to experience modernIndia. Mumbai famous for Bollywood, the worlds largest film industry. In addition, Mumbai isfamous for its clubs, shopping, and upscale gastronomy. The city is known for its architecture,from the ancient Elephanta Caves, to the Islamic Haji Ali Mosque, to the colonial architecture ofBombay High Court and Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus.Maharashtra also has numerous adventure tourism destinations, including paragliding, rockclimbing, canoeing, kayaking, snorkeling, and scuba diving. Maharashtra also has severalpristine national parks and reserves, some of the best ones are Tadoba with excellentaccommodation and safari experiences besides little known by amazing wildlife destinations likeKoyna, Nagzira (very small with incredible sightings), Melghat (disturbed with massiveminingtruck movement), Dajipur, Radhanagari and of course the only national park withinmetropolis city limits in the world - Sanjay Gandhi National Park. The Bibi Ka Maqbara atAurangabad the Mahalakshmi temple at Kolhapur, the cities of Nashik, Trimbak famous forreligious importance and the city of Pune the seat of the Maratha Empire and the fantasticGanesh Chaturthi celebrations together contribute for the Tourism sector of Mahrashtra.ManipurLoktak lake 18 TOURISM
  • 19. Manipur as the name suggest is a land of jewels. Its rich culture excels in every aspects as inmartial arts, dance, theater and sculpture. The charm of the place is the greenery with themoderate climate making it a tourists heaven. The beautiful and seasonal Shirui Lily at Ukhrul(district), Sangai (brow antlered deer) and the floating islands at Loktak Lake are few of the rarethings found in Manipur. Polo, which can be called a royal game, also originated from Manipur.Some of the main tourist attractions are: Imphal (Capital) Churachandpur Keibul Lamjao National Park War cemeteries Loktak Lake MorehMeghalayaNohkalikai FallsMeghalaya has some of the thickest surviving forests in the country. Therefore constitutes one ofthe most important ecotourism circuits in the country today. The Meghalayan subtropical forests 19 TOURISM
  • 20. support a vast variety of flora and fauna. Meghalaya has 2 national parks and 3 wildlifesanctuaries.Meghalaya, also offers many adventure tourism opportunities in the form of mountaineering,rock climbing, trekking and hiking, water sports etc. The state offers several trekking routessome of which also afford and opportunity to encounter some rare animals such as the slow loris,assorted deer and bear. The Umiam Lake has a water sports complex with facilities such asrowboats, paddleboats, sailing boats, cruise-boats, water-scooters and speedboats.Cherrapunjee is one of the most popular tourist spots in North East of India. It lies to the south ofthe capital Shillong. The town is very well known and needs little publicity. A rather scenic, 50kilometer long road, connects Cherrapunjee with Shillong.The popular waterfalls in the state are the Elephant Falls, Shadthum Falls, Weinia falls, BishopFalls, Nohkalikai Falls, Langshiang Falls and Sweet Falls. The hot springs at Jakrem nearMawsynram are believed to have curative and medicinal properties.OdhisaKonark Sun Temple built by the Eastern Ganga dynasty is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.Chilka Lake 20 TOURISM
  • 21. Orissa has been a preferred destination from ancient days for people who have an interest inspirituality, religion, culture, art and natural beauty. Ancient and medieval architecture, pristine seabeaches, the classical and ethnic dance forms and a variety of festivals. Orissa has kept the religion ofBuddhism alive. Rock-edicts that have challenged time stand huge and over-powering by the banks ofthe river Daya. The torch of Buddhism is still ablaze in the sublime triangle at Udayagiri and KhandagiriCaves, Lalitagiri as well as Ratnagiri, on the banks of river Birupa. Precious fragments of a glorious pastcome alive in the shape of stupas, rock-cut caves, rock-edicts, excavated monasteries, viharas, chaityasand sacred relics in caskets and the Rock-edicts of Ashoka. Orissa is also famous for its well-preservedHindu Temples, especially the Jagnath Temple at Puri, Konark Sun Temple and The Leaning Temple ofHumaOrissa is the home for various tribal communities who have contributed uniquely to themulticultural and multilingual character of the state. Their handicrafts, different dance forms,jungle products and their unique life style blended with their healing practices have got worldwide attention. The Sitalsasthi Carnival is a must see for everyone who wants to see a glimpse ofthe art and culture of Orissa at one place.PuducherryThe Matrimandir, a golden metallic sphere in auroville, Puducherry 21 TOURISM
  • 22. The Union Territory of Puducherry comprises four coastal regions viz- Puducherry, Karaikal,Mahe and Yanam. Puducherry is the Capital of this Union Territory and one of the most populartourist destinations in South India. Puducherry has been described by National Geographic as "aglowing highlight of subcontinental sojourn". The city has many beautiful colonial buildings,churches, temples, and statues, which, combined with the systematic town planning and the wellplanned French style avenues, still preserve much of the colonial ambience.PunjabHarimandir Sahib or "The Golden Temple"The state of Punjab is renowned for its cuisine, culture and history. Punjab has a vast publictransportation and communication network. Some of the main cities in Punjab are Patiala,Amritsar, Chandigarh, and Ludhiana. Punjab also has a rich religious history incorporatingSikhism and Hinduism. Tourism in Punjab is principally suited for the tourists interested inculture, ancient civilization, spirituality and epic history. Some of the villages in Punjab are alsoa must see for the person who wants to see the true Punjab, with their beautiful traditional Indianhomes, farms and temples, this is a must see for any visitor that goes to Punjab. India-Pakistanborder at Wagah is also a popular tourist attraction. Patiala is famous for loads of heritage suchas Patiala Peg, Salwar and Jutti. 22 TOURISM
  • 23. RajasthanUmaid Bhawan PalaceRajasthan, literally meaning "Land of the Kings", is one of the most attractive tourist destinationsin Northern India. The vast sand dunes of the Thar Desert attract millions of tourists from aroundthe globe every year.Attractions: Jaipur - The capital of Rajasthan, famous for its rich history and royal architecture. Jodhpur - Fortress-city at the edge of the Thar Desert, famous for its blue homes and architecture. Udaipur - Known as the "Venice" of India. Jaisalmer - Famous for its golden fortress. Barmer - Barmer and surrounding areas offer perfect picture of typical Rajasthani villages. Bikaner - Famous for its medieval history as a trade route outpost. Mount Abu - Is the highest peak in the Aravalli Range of Rajasthan. Pushkar - It has the first and one of the very Brahma temples in the world. Keoladeo National Park - A UNESCO World Heritage Site Nathdwara - This town near Udaipur hosts the famous temple of Shrinathji. Ranthambore - Has one of the largest national parks in India. 23 TOURISM
  • 24. SikkimKangchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world.Originally known as Suk-Heem, which in the local language means "peaceful home". Sikkimwas an independent kingdom till the year 1974, when it became a part of the Republic of India.The capital of Sikkim is Gangtok, located approximately 105 kilometers from New Jalpaiguri,the nearest railway station to Sikkim. Although, an airport is under construction at Dekiling inEast Sikkim, the nearest airport to Sikkim would be Bagdogra.the important places to visit are:1.Baba Mandir 2.Nathula Pass 3.Rumtek Monastery 4.Handicraft Shops 5.Tsangpo LakeSikkim is considered as the land of orchids, mystic cultures and colorful traditions. Sikkim iswell known among trekkers and adventure lovers. Places near Sikkim include Darjeeling alsoknown as the "Queen of Hills" and Kalimpong. Darjeeling, other than its world famous"Darjeeling tea" is also famous for its refined "Prep schools" founded during the British Raj.Kalimpong is also famous for its flora cultivation and is home to many internationally knownNurseries. 24 TOURISM
  • 25. Tamil NaduThe Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site provides a scenic view of hills throughoutits 41 km journey between Mettupalayam and Ooty (7500 FT above ground level).Tamil Nadu is the top state in attracting the maximum number of foreign tourists in India.[16]Archaeological sites with civilization dating back to 3800 years[17] are found in Tamil Nadu. Thestate also holds the credit of having maximum number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites (5) inIndia which includes Great Living Chola Temples and Mahabalipuram.With more than 34000 temples,Tamil Nadu has some great temples like Madurai MeenakshiAmman Temple, Brihadeeswarar Temple, Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple.This state is also known for Medical tourism and houses some of Asias largest hospital.Kanyakumari is the southernmost tip of India provides scenic view of sunset and sunshine over theIndian ocean. Hill stations like Yercaud, Kodaikanal, Ooty, Valparai, Yelagiri are widely visited. WaterFalls and Wildlife sanctuaries are located across the state. Pichavaram the worlds second largestmangrove forest are located in the state 25 TOURISM
  • 26. UttarakhandThe Valley of Flowers and Nanda Devi National Parks are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.Uttarakhand, the 27th state of the Republic of India, is called "the abode of the Gods". It containsglaciers, snow-clad mountains, valley of flowers, skiing slopes and dense forests, and manyshrines and places of pilgrimage. Char-dhams, the four most sacred and revered Hindu temples:Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamunotri are nestled in the Himalayas. Haridwar whichmeans Gateway to God is the only place on the plains.It holds the watershed for Gangetic River System spanning 300 km from Satluj in the west toKali river in the east. Nanda Devi (25640 Ft) is the second highest peak in India afterKanchenjunga (28160 Ft). Dunagiri, Neelkanth, Chaukhamba, Panchachuli, Trisul are otherpeaks above 23000 Ft. It is considered the abode of Devtas, Yakashyas, Kinners, Fairies andSages. It boasts of some old hill-stations developed during British era like Mussoorie, Almoraand Nainital. 26 TOURISM
  • 27. Uttar PradeshA panoramic view of the Fatehpur Sikri Palace, Uttar PradeshSituated in the northern part of India,border with the capital of India New Delhi.Uttar Pradesh isthe most popular tourist destination in India. Uttar Pradesh is important with its wealth ofhistorical monuments and religious fervour. Geographically, Uttar Pradesh is very diverse, withHimalayan foothills in the extreme north and the Gangetic Plain in the centre. It is also home ofIndias most visited site, the Taj Mahal, and Hinduisms holiest city, Varanasi. The mostpopulous state of the Indian Union also has a rich cultural heritage. Kathak one of the eightforms of Indian classical dances, originated from Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh is at the heart ofIndia,so popular with another name The Heartland of India. Cuisine of Uttar Pradesh likeAwadhi cuisine, Mughlai cuisine, Kumauni cuisine are very famous in entire India and abroad.Uttar Pradesh has much to offer.Places of interest in include: Varanasi-The origin of Hinduism and worlds one of the oldest city,City of temples,Most popular holy place of lord Shiva devotees,One of the finest Textiles Industry in the world. holy place of lord Shiva devotees,One of the finest Textiles Industry in the world. 27 TOURISM
  • 28. A view of the Ghat of Varanasi from the River Ganges Agra - Taj Mahal and several others historical monuments and gardens.Allahabad or Prayag -Kumbh Mela-The place where Indian national river Ganges and Yamuna andSaraswati rivers meet.A mass Hindu pilgrimage in which Hindus gather at the Ganges river.Akbar forts,One of the most popular religious center of ancient and modern India for Hinduism.Uttar Pradeshs administrative and education capital. Kumbh Mela Kumbh Mela at Allahabad Kanpur - Uttar Pradeshs commercial and Industrial hub,several historical places from Mughal, British era. Lucknow-The capital of Uttar Pradesh,Several historical places Mughal, British and ancient India. 28 TOURISM
  • 29. Gateway to Bara Imambara, Lucknow Mathura-The birth place of Lord Krishna of Hinduism and Neminath of Jainism.Kusuma Sarovar bathing ghat, in the Goverdhan area, Vrindavan Ayodhya-The birth place of Lord Rama of Hinduism . Jhansi-Historical place,Rani Lakshmibais battlefield against British Sarnath-Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, the Buddha as one of the four places of pilgrimage which his devout followers should visit.The birth place of Shreyansanath, the eleventh Jain Tirthankar of the Jainism. Kushinagar- It is an important Buddhist pilgrimage site, where Gautama Buddha is believed to have attained Parinirvana after his death. Fatehpur Sikri-Historical place for Mughal Empires palaces and forts. 29 TOURISM
  • 30. Meerut-The historical place of the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 or the First War of Indian Independence.Indian Historical place from Mahabharata period of ancient India to Modern Indias one of the fastest growing city of Uttar Pradesh. Mirzapur Division-The hub of worlds finest carpet Industries,and very popular tourist destination for its natural beauties and one of the fastest growing region of Uttar Pradesh. Ghaziabad: Historical places from ancient India to modern India and Indias fastest growing Industrial city . NOIDA and Greater Noida:IT, Electronics and education hub of Northern India.Indias biggest city with planned and highteck residential area. Gorakhpur: The city was home to Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim, Jain and Sikh saints.The birthplace of Paramhansa Yogananda,great Hindu emperor Chandragupta Maurya. Jaunpur:Historical city was founded by the Sultan of Delhi Feroz Shah Tughlaq and named in memory of his father, Muhammad bin Tughluq as Jaunpur Sultanate.Mughals, Lodis and Islamic rulers Forts and ancient history of India. Dudhwa National Park -Dudhwa Tiger Reserve,Birds Sanctuary, the unique Frog Temple at Oyal ,Surat Bhawan Palace,Elephant Rides. Rehar:Several major tourist attractions can be mentioned in the town’s surroundings, like Jim Corbett National Park about 24 km, Nainital about 69 kmUttar Pradesh is the historical heart land of India.Where each part of the state is attached withancient history,civilization,religions and culture. 30 TOURISM
  • 31. West BengalVictoria Memorial in KolkataKolkata, one of the many cities in the state of West Bengal has been nicknamed the City ofPalaces. This comes from the numerous palatial mansions built all over the city. Unlike manynorth Indian cities, whose construction stresses minimalism, the layout of much of thearchitectural variety in Kolkata owes its origins to European styles and tastes imported by theBritish and, to a much lesser extent, the Portuguese and French. The buildings were designed andinspired by the tastes of the English gentleman around and the aspiring Bengali Babu (literally, anouveau riche Bengali who aspired to cultivation of English etiquette, manners and custom, assuch practices were favourable to monetary gains from the British). Today, many of thesestructures are in various stages of decay. Some of the major buildings of this period are wellmaintained and several buildings have been declared as heritage structures.From historical point of view, the story of West Bengal begins from Gour and Pandua situatedclose to the present district town of Malda. The twin medieval cities had been sacked at leastonce by changing powers in the 15th century. However, ruins from the period still remain, andseveral architectural specimens still retain the glory and shin of those times. The Hinduarchitecture of Bishnupur in terracotta and laterite sandstone are renowned world over. Towardsthe British colonial period came the architecture of Murshidabad and Coochbehar. 31 TOURISM
  • 32. Historic monuments The Taj Mahal is one of Indias best-known sites and one of the best architectural achievements in India,located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh . It was built between 1631 and 1653 by Emperor Shah Jahan in honor of his wife, Arjumand Banu, more popularly known as Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal serves as her tomb. Fatehpur Sikri It was the first planned city of the Mughals and also the first one designed in Mughal architecture, an amalgamation of Indian architecture, Persian and Islamic architecture and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986. Varanasi The ghats of one of the oldest city of the world. The Mahabodhi Temple is a 2000 year old temple dedicated to Gautam Budha in Bodh Gaya, Bihar. It is UNESCO world heritage site. The Nalanda is located in the Indian State of Bihar, was a Buddhist center of learning from 427 C.E to 1197 C.E partly under the Pala Empire. It has been called "one of the first great universities in recorded history.According to historical studies the University of Nalanda was established 450 C.E under the patronage ofthe Gupta emperors, notably Kumaragupta. The Brihadishwar temple in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu built by the cholas. The temple is one of Indias most prized architectural sites. The Airatheshwar temple is located in the town of Darasuram, near Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu. The Shore Temple, along with the collection of other monuments in Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu have been declared as UNESCO world heritage site. The Golden Temple is one of the most respected temples in India and the most sacred place for Sikhs. The Golden Temple is located in Amritsar, Punjab, India. 32 TOURISM
  • 33. The Baháí temple in Delhi, was completed in 1986 and serves as the Mother Temple of the Indian Subcontinent. It has won numerous architectural awards and been featured in hundreds of newspaper and magazine articles. (It is also known as the Lotus Temple.) The Hawa Mahal in Jaipur also known as Palace of Winds. The Taj Mahal Palace is an icon of Mumbai. The Victoria Memorial in Kolkata, built during the British Raj. The Victoria terminus in Mumbai, built for Queen VictoriaNature TourismIndia has geographical diversity, which resulted in varieties of nature tourism. Water falls in Western Ghats including Jog Falls (highest in India). Western Ghats Hill stations Wildlife reserves DesertsWildlife in IndiaRoyal Bengal Tiger in Sundarbans. The worlds largest mangrove forest as well as a UNESCO WorldHeritage Site.India is home to several well known large mammals including the,Bengal tigerAsian ElephantAsiaticLion, Leopard and Indian Rhinoceros, often engrained culturally and religiously often being associatedwith deities. Other well known large Indian mammals include ungulates such as the Domestic ElephantWater Buffalo, Wild Elephant Water Buffalo, Nilgai, Gaur and several species of deer and antelope.Some members of the dog family such as the Indian Wolf, Bengal Fox, Golden Jackal and the Dhole or 33 TOURISM
  • 34. Wild Dogs are also widely distributed. It is also home to the Stripped Macaques, Langurs and Mongoosespecies.India also has a large variety of protected wildlife. The countrys protected forest consists of 75National Parks in India and 421 sanctuaries, of which 19 fall under the purview of Project Tiger.Its climatic and geographic diversity makes it the home of over 350 mammals and 1200 birdspecies, many of which are unique to the subcontinent.Some well known national wildlife sanctuaries include Bharatpur, Corbett, Kanha, Kaziranga,Periyar, Ranthambore, Manas and Sariska.The worlds largest mangrove forest Sundarbans is located in southern West Bengal. TheKaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Sundarbans and Keoladeo National Park areUNESCO World Heritage Site.Hill stationsSeveral hill stations served as summer capitals of Indian provinces, Pricely state, or, in the caseof Shimla, of British India itself. Since Indian Independence, the role of these hill stations assummer capitals has largely ended, but many hill stations remain popular summer resorts. Mostfamous hill stations are: Mount Abu, Rajasthan Vindhya Range, Uttar Pradesh Pachmarhi, Madhya Pradesh - It is also known as The Queen of Satpura. Gulmarg, Srinagar and Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir Shillong in Meghalaya Darjeeling in West Baengal Shimla, Kullu in Himachal Pradesh Nainital in Uttarakhand 34 TOURISM
  • 35. Gangtok in Sikkim Mussoorie in Uttarakhand Manali in Himachal Pradesh Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra Halflong in Assam Araku, Andhra Pradesh Munnar in Kerala Ooty, Yercaud and Kodaikanal in Tamil NaduIn addition to the bustling hill stations and summer capitals of yore, there are several serene andpeaceful nature retreats and places of interest to visit for a nature lover. These range from thestunning moonscapes of Leh and Ladhak, to small, exclusive nature retreats such as Dunagiri,Binsar, Mukteshwar in the Himalayas, to rolling vistas of Western Ghats to numerous privateretreats in the rolling hills of Kerala.BeachesElephants and camel rides are common on Indian beaches. Shown here is Havelock Island, partof the Andaman and Nicobar IslandsIndia offers a wide range of tropical beaches with silver/golden sand to coral beaches ofLakshadweep. States like Kerala and Goa have exploited the potential of beaches to the fullest.However, there are a lot many unexploited beaches in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat,Maharashtra Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. These states have very high potential to be developthem as future destinations for prospective tourists. Some of the famous tourist beaches are: Beaches of Vizag, Andhra Pradesh Beaches of Puri, Orissa 35 TOURISM
  • 36. Beaches of Digha, West Bengal Beaches of Goa Kovalam Beach, Kerala Marina Beach, Chennai City Beach, Puducherry Beaches of Mahabalipuram Beaches in Mumbai Beaches of Diu Beaches of Midnapore, West Bengal Beaches of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Beaches of Lakshadweep IslandsAdventure Tourism River rafting and kayaking in Himalayas Mountain climbing in Himalayas Rock climbing in Madhya Pradesh Skiing in Gulmarg or Auli Boat racing in Bhopal Paragliding in Maharashtra Bibliography 1. ^ "Tourism & Hospitality". IBEF. Retrieved 2010-01-19. 2. ^ a b c d "Andhra Pradesh top tourist destination: Tourism Ministry". 2011- 07-18. ministry/819071/0. Retrieved 2011-07-23. 3. ^ Tourism Statistics at a Glance, 2010. Ministry of Tourism Government of India 4. ^ "Tourism Stastics ENGLISH" (PDF). indias-top-10-tourist-destinations/20110719.htm. Retrieved 2010-01-19. 5. ^ Annual Report 2009-2010, Ministry of Tourism, Government of India 36 TOURISM
  • 37. 6. ^ "Commonwealth Games to boost tourism in India: Deloitte - Economy and Politics". 2009-05-13. to-boost-to.html?h=B. Retrieved 2010-01-19.7. ^ Hospitality Begins at Home in the Family Palace8. ^ "Tourism in India has little to cheer". 2007. ^ "The Trouble With India: Crumbling roads, jammed airports, and power blackouts could hobble growth". BusinessWeek. 19 March 2007. ^ "Tourism set to boom in India: Deloitte". 2009-03-25. Retrieved 2010-01-19.11. ^ "Activities". Himachal Tourism. Retrieved 2010-01-19.12. ^ "History". Retrieved 2009-02-16.13. ^ "Handbook of Karnataka, History". Retrieved 2009-02-16.14. ^ "Karnataka Tourism, Official Website, Department of Tourism". Retrieved 2011-07-23.15. ^ "Temple | Konark India | Konark City | Konark Orissa | Sun temple Konark | Konark temple Orissa | Sun temple at Konark | Temple of Konark |Konark temple in Orissa | Sun temple konarak". Konark. Retrieved 2011-07-23. a b16. ^ TNN (2010-08-10). "Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh build temple ties to boost tourism - The Times of India". to-boost-tourism/articleshow/6284409.cms. Retrieved 2011-07-23.17. ^ "Skeletons dating back 3,800 years throw light on evolution - Times Of India". 2006-01-01. 1354201,prtpage-1.cms. Retrieved 2011-07-23. 37 TOURISM
  • 38. 18. ^ "Tiruchy Tourism - A land of tradition". Retrieved 2011-07-23.19. ^ "Tamil Nadu- A Healthcare Paradise - Express Healthcare". Retrieved 2011-07-23.20. ^ "All News - The Network: Ciscos Technology News Site". Retrieved 2011-07-23.21. ^ "pitchavaram". Retrieved 2011-07-23.22. ^ "Uttaranchal Tourism,Uttarakhand India Tourism,Uttaranchal Travel,Tourism In Uttaranchal,Adventure Trekking Tour Uttaranchal India,Trekking Wildlife Hill Station Tour Packages Uttaranchal India". Retrieved 2011-07-23.23. ^ a b Altekar, Anant Sadashiv (1965). Education in Ancient India, Sixth, Varanasi: Nand Kishore & Bros.24. ^ a b "Really Old School," Garten, Jeffrey E. New York Times, December 9, 2006. 38 TOURISM