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Urbanization, Planning And Apa Hong Kong University

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presentation at U of Hong Kong for a local planners, architects and design students

presentation at U of Hong Kong for a local planners, architects and design students


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  • Transcript

    • 1. Urbanization, Planning and APA’s China Program Hong Kong University Jeffrey Soule, FAICP
    • 2. APA’s philosophy for international partnerships
    • 3.
      • Challenges of Urbanization
      • Cultural Identity vs. globalization
      • Scarce resources
      • Impact on quality of life
      • Civic view vs. Ego
      • A philosophy as much as technique
      What is Urban Fabric why do we care?
    • 4.  
    • 5.  
    • 6. Ideological Battle
      • Many architects promote a “no context” design philosophy
      • Koolhaas “Tabla Rasa”
      • Much of the world views planning as architecture
      • World heritage is a humanistic approach
    • 7. Beijing Ring Road System Copied from Moscow
    • 8. Human Impacts of Development
      • Destruction of traditional settlements
      • Opportunity costs
      • CCTV building= $800,000,000
      • Opera House= $300,000,000
      • Bird’s nest=
      • $400,000,000
    • 9. Short Term Planning Fads 规划短视的表现
      • Bad ideas from elsewhere are not good ideas in China
      • 中国不要走其它国家城市规划失误弯路
      • CBD, Wide Streets, Skyscrapers, Plazas
      • 概念误区: CBD ,大街道,摩天大厦,大广场
      • Architecture alone does not make a city
      • 建筑本身不能形成城市
      • Design competitions are not good for planning
      • 设计竞标无助优质规划
    • 10. 上海浦西 Shanghai Puxi(west), Traditional Development 上海浦东 Shanghai Pudong(east), Manhattan&Suburbia Hybrid
    • 11.
      • 100m
      40-60m 80-100m 200m 300m 购物 ? 逛街 ? 吃饭 ? 喝茶 ? 以人为本 以车为本 70m
    • 12. 浦东 Pudong= 曼哈顿 Manhattan
      • ?
      以车为本 以人为本 郊区式商业 都市型商业
    • 13. 围绕公交车站的高密度开发 TOD
    • 14. 大运量公交专用走廊 Exclusive Transit Corridor
    • 15. Sustainability 可持续性
      • Global scope 全球范畴概念
      • Allow next generation choices
      • 为下一代预留选择
      • Measurable 量化标准
      • Efficiency in resource consumption
      • 节约型消费
      • Planning is the only way to achieve sustainability
      • 只有通过规划才能实现可持续发展
    • 16. “ Smart Growth” “ 城市精明发展 "
      • One part of planning 规划内涵之一
      • How much growth?
      • 城市可以发展规模有多大 ?
      • Where should it go?
      • 应该在哪里开发?
      • Where should it NOT go?
      • 不应该在哪里开发 ?
      • Concepts: human scale, mixed use, transportation options
      • 基本概念:人本尺度;综合利用;交通体系多种选择
    • 17. “ New Urbanism” “ 新都市主义 "
      • Style based smart growth
      • 以形式为基础的有智发展
      • Responding to American urban renewal
      • 反映美国都市唤新需求
    • 18. City Design Process
      • Reading the city
      • Refle ct cultur al layers
      • Human perspective
      • Citizen participation
      • Urban design is between city plan and architecture
      • Manage at different levels
      • APA new specialty certification under AICP
    • 19. Elements of Reading Places
      • Customs
      • History
      • Climate
      • Visual elements
      • Scale
      • Architecture
      • Landscape
    • 20.  
    • 21. Importance of a strong management framework
      • Establish the infrastructure to direct development
      • Create neighborhoods with distinct character
      • Establish Design guidelines based on district characteristics
    • 22. Design Guidelines
      • Strengthen the city’s character
      • Helps implement the civic vision and plan
      • Encourage new development that adds value to the city
      • Establishes a process and criteria for review
      • Essential for success
    • 23. Annapolis Design Guidelines preserve the city fabric
    • 24. Washington DC
    • 25. “ 十一五”期间的二大目标 Main Goals of the Eleventh Five-Year Plan
      • 在优化结构、提高效益和降低消耗的基础上,实现二〇一〇年人均国内生产总值比二〇〇〇年翻一番;
      • Double GDP Per Capita from Year 2000 by 2010, with focus on maximizing structure, improving efficiency and reducing energy consumption.
    • 26.
      • 资源利用效率显著提高,单位国内生产总值能源消耗比“十五”期末降低 20 %左右,生态环境恶化趋势基本遏制,耕地减少过多状况得到有效控制。
      • Greatly improve energy consumption efficiency. Unit GDP energy consumption to decrease by 20% from end of Tenth Five-Year Plan Period; Contain eco-environment deterioration; Effective control of excessive loss of cultivated farmlands.
    • 27.
      • 推进经济结构调整和经济增长方式转变,要把节约资源作为基本国策,大力发展循环经济,提高资源利用效率,加大环境治理力度,切实保护好自然生态;
      • Adjust economic structure and economic growth model; make energy conservation a fundamental national priority; emphasize development of recycle economy; improve resource consumption efficiency; strengthen environmental protection measures; invest earnest efforts in natural ecosystem preservation.
    • 28. APA in China APA 在中国
      • Partnerships
      • Training 培训
      • Exchanges 交流
      • Workshops 研讨班
      • Demonstration projects 示范项目
    • 29. Policy and Partnerships 政策与合作伙伴
      • APA Provides Advice and Participation on Planning Issues
      • Provincial and Municipal Agreements 省市级(签约)合作伙伴
        • Jiangsu 江苏省
        • Chongqing 重庆市
        • Shanghai 上海市
        • Nanjing 南京市
      • Non Governmental Organizations 非政府机构(签约)合作伙伴
        • China Association of City Planning 中国城市规划协会
        • Chinese Academy of Urban Design 中国城市规划学会
        • China Society of Historic Preservation 中国历史保护学会
        • China Land Society 中国土地学会
        • Ren Min University 中国人民大学
        • Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences 上海社会科学院
      • National Level Agreements
        • Ministry of Land and Resources 国土资源部
        • China Environment Protection Agency
        • State Administration of Cultural Heritage
        • State Administration of Foreign Experts (Certified)
    • 30. Demonstration Projects
      • Work hand in hand with public agencies
      • Follow up to training
      • Important issue nationwide
      • Replicability
      • “ First time”
      • Climate for success
      • Partnerships
    • 31. Case Examples
    • 32. Nanjing Men Xi Combining preservation with development
    • 33.
      • Inventory
      • Establish form characteristics
      • Locate Key new development in cleared industrial area
      • Tie into overall tourism strategy
    • 34. Zhenjiang
      • New Town Design
      • Based on historic urban landscape
      • Incorporates modern design within a local framework
      • Strategic Plan
      • Global Planners Network
    • 35.  
    • 36. Shanghai Xu Hui
      • Response to mega design
      • Urban redevelopment from human perspective
      • Transportation underlies urban form
      • Scale, pedestrian orientation
      • Individual buildings subordinate to pattern
    • 37. Beijing Qianmen
      • Historic preservation, tourism and redevelopment
      • High visibility
      • Conflict with leaders
      • APA asserts ethical principles
    • 38. ChangXing Heritage Area and scenic corridor
    • 39.
      • Ideas for APA
      • Coalition of Design and Planning Interests
      • Training partnership
      • Annual event
      • Student and faculty opportunities
      • What are the opportunities? Needs?
      Partnerships in Hong Kong
    • 40. Contact APA 请和我们联系
      • Chen Suning, 陈苏宁
      • Chief Representative 驻华首席代表
        • No. 6 , Lane1696, Central Huai Hai Road, Shanghai
        • 上海淮海中路1696弄6号
        • 21 6474 0939 Tel
        • 21 6431 2490 fax
        • [email_address]
    • 41. Questions and Discussion