Communities' Satisfaction on LMDA Services 2013

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Natad, Johny S. “Communities’ Satisfaction on Lake Mainit Development Alliance (LMDA) Services”, Unpublished Master’s thesis, Bukidnon State University, City of Malaybalay, Bukidnon, March 2013.

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Communities' Satisfaction on LMDA Services 2013

  1. 1. BUKIDNON STATE UN I V E R S I T YGRADUATE SCHOOLCity of Malaybalay, Bukidnon 700Tel (088) 221-2237; Telefax (088)813-2717www.bsc.edu.ph 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Introduction Concept Problem Method Findings Conclusion Recommendations
  2. 2. The Lake Mainit Development Alliance(LMDA) is an inter-local cooperation of 1 2local and national government agencies 3and civil societies that provides 4environmental management programs as 5important services to the Lake Mainit 6influence area and its communities. 7 Upland and lowland management River management Lake management, and Institutional strengthening. Communities’ Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  3. 3. Communities surrounding Lake Mainit area have been playing crucial role as partners and stakeholders of LMDA in the conservation and protection of the entire 1Introduction Lake Mainit ecosystem. The 2 interest, support, and involvement of 3 4 community stakeholders and CSOs 5 particularly NGOs and POs are important 6 and useful in achieving the overall 7 objectives of the LMDA. Sustainability Monitoring & Implementatio Evaluation Planning, n Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  4. 4. Mission Vision Goal Objectives PMC Member Services O s Lake Mainit Development Alliance (LMDA)What is LMDA? Introduction is composed of multi-stakeholders from 1 ten local government units (LGUs), six 2 government line agencies (GLAs) and civil 3 society particularly, NGOs, POs, and 4 academe. 5 6 7 Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  5. 5. Based on the alliance Manual of Operations, the signatories have following duty to LMDA: 1 The ten LGUs shall annually contributeMember Respo. Introduction 2 funds for the operations of the LMDA 3 based on the agreed work and financial 4 plans: Php150,000.00 per provincial LGU 5 and Php50,000.00 per municipal LGU; 6 The six GLAs shall provide technical 7 assistance and other necessary resources to achieve the objectives of the alliance; Function as the Board of Trustees and assigned action officer or focal person to LMDA Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  6. 6. A Program Management Office (PMO) established at the host LGU and as the 1PMCO Introduction fund manager of the pooled trust fund : 2 Municipality of Kitcharao (1999- 3 April 2012) 4 Province of Surigao del Norte (April 5 2012-present 6 7 Recognized by the Regional Development Council per RDC Resolution No. 11 series of 1999 (dated 04 June 1999) Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  7. 7. A diverse 1 ecosystem with crystalVision Introduction 2 clear and safe waters surrounded by verdant 3 mountains and endowed 4 with abundant natural 5 resources, and as an 6 ecotourism destination 7 sustainably managed by an empowered citizenry for economic development and environmental protection. Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  8. 8. 1 With the aid of Divine providence guided by theLMDA Mission Introduction principles of growth and development between 2 communities and generation through skilled and 3 resourceful personnel, the LMDA extends technical 4 assistance to LGU’s in effective and efficient 5 delivery of basic services, enforcement of environmental laws and policies to pursue the 6 sustainable development and management of Lake 7 Mainit through promotion of ecological and recreational values, conservation, protection of natural resources, enhancement for the empowerment for the improvement of the quality of life of its constituents. Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  9. 9. 1Goals Introduction To properly manage 2 the Lake Mainit 3 4 ecosystem and 5 develop potential 6 resources in order to 7 reduce poverty and improve the quality of life of the people in the area.  Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  10. 10. Objectives Introduction 1 1. To conserve the aquatic resources and to 2 enhance their economic, ecological and 3 recreational value. 4 2. To properly manage forestlands and 5 improve the land cover within the 6 watershed. 7 3. To promote greater involvement of the government, the private sector, local communities and other stakeholders in the sustainable management of the Lake Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  11. 11. 15 EMP Components Introduction 2 1. Upland and lowland development 3 and management 4 2. River management 5 3. Lake management 6 7 4. Urban settlement area management 5. Institutional strengthening Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  12. 12. Revealed major environmental 1 problems in Lake Mainit ecosystem 2Envi. Probs Introduction are: continuing denudation of 3 forestlands, mining and quarrying, 4 increasing lakeshore population, use of 5 agrochemicals, illegal fishing methods, 6 siltation and sedimentation of rivers, 7 flooding, and declination of Lake Mainit fishery resources. (LMDA, 2000; Oatley, 2005; Crook, 2006; De Guzma, et.al, 2009) Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  13. 13. The proposed 1Proposed Introduction development plans; 2 common desire and 3 concern to address 4 environmental problems in 5 the Lake Mainit ecosystem 6 provoked the 7 establishment of the LMDA (ESSC, 2011). Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  14. 14. The LMDA’s Environmental Management Plan (EMP) and Lake 1 Mainit Agenda presented developmentEMP Introduction 2 and ecosystem management approach 3 of the alliance to respond to the 4 identified environmental issues and 5 concern in Lake Mainit ecosystem 6 7 Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  15. 15. With its 13 years of existence, the LMDA demonstrates important milestone 1 accomplishments on areas on 2Introduction environment and socio-economic 3 enhancement with tangible 4 environmental and enterprise 5 development initiatives in partnership 6 with the communities, civil society, 7 LGUs, GLAs and other stakeholders in Lake Mainit. Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  16. 16. While the CSO and community stakeholders have been playing 1 significant role as partners in 2 environmental conservation and 3Why this? Introduction protection of Lake Mainit ecosystem, it is 4 important to determine and recognize 5 their level of satisfaction on LMDA’s 6 environmental management programs. It 7 is for this justification that this study is conducted. Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  17. 17. The study is based on the 1 2multi-stakeholder approach 3to ecosystem management 4 5as illustrated in the Lake 6Mainit Environmental 7Management Plan (EMP). Communities’ Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  18. 18. Ecosystem management approachEMA Conceptual Framework embraces a holistic and inter-disciplinary 1 approach that recognizes comprehensive 2 action and analysis. It also recognizes 3 important inter-connectivity between 4 natural resources (ecological aspect), 5 human ecology (social-cultural and 6 economic aspects), and institutional 7 structures of government, private and civil society organizations (institutional aspect) toward sustainable development of ecosystems’ health and services (IEMP, Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  19. 19. MSA Conceptual Framework The multi-stakeholder approach to 1 ecosystem management provides the 2 different stakeholders significant role in 3 the implementation of environmental 4 initiatives. The alliance approach to 5 ecosystem management with the 6 concerted efforts of multi-stakeholders 7 from government, academic and research institutions, private sector, CSOs and communities, help foster sustainability of environmental programs and projects. (DENR-PAWB, (2012) Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  20. 20. MSA Conceptual Framework 1 Communities in Lake Mainit have been 2 benefiting from the LMDA’s ecosystem 3 management approach, where it 4 recognizes the crucial role of 5 communities in Lake Mainit area in 6 achieving alliance mandates. 7 Sustainability Monitoring & Implementatio Evaluation Planning, n designing Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  21. 21. LMDA Environmental Level of Satisfaction Management Program Components Very much satisfied ProblemsThe Conceptual Framework Upland & lowland Much satisfied Encountered management Satisfied 1 River management Less satisfied 2 Lake Management Not satisfied Institutional 3 strengthening 4 Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) Peoples’ Organizations (POs) 5 - Cooperative of Farmers/ Fisherfolks - Association of Farmers, Fisherfolks 6 Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) 7 – Surigao city based – Butuan city based – Davao city based – Cagayan de Oro city based Figure 1. The conceptual framework of the study showing relationship of LMDA program component services and problems encountered by CSOs. Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  22. 22. Upland Conceptual Framework The upland and lowland management is one of LMDA component that focuses on 1 the major intervention. This includes the 2 forest resource assessment, eco-tourism 3 development, nursery, establishment, tree 4 park establishment, agro-forestry 5 development, reforestation/ 6 plantation/establishment, forestland use 7 planning/watershed management (LMDA, 2000). Livelihood intervention was included in this component in the revised Lake Mainit Focal Community Assistance Scheme (FOCAS) strategy (LMDA,Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services 2006a)
  23. 23. River Conceptual Framework River management component of LMDA primarily works to balance the interventions in 1 the uplands to lowland and lake. It plays a 2 significant role in minimizing the problems of 3 siltation and pollution not only in the lake but 4 also the whole length of Kalinawan River, which 5 is the outlet of Lake Mainit traversing from municipalities of Jabonga, Santiago and Tubay. 6 Under this component includes the program on 7 riverbank stabilization, rechanneling of Aciga and Bangonay rivers, deepening of Kalinawan river, construction of riverbank protections or structure, river tour, inventory and evaluation and marsh rehabilitation (LMDA, 2010a; 2000). Services Communities Satisfaction on LMDA
  24. 24. The Lake management is another majorLake Conceptual Framework environmental management program 1 component of LMDA, which refers to 2 interventions and activities that deal primarily 3 with Lake Mainit ecosystem as a source of 4 food and income for the fisher folk 5 communities. This LMDA component includes 6 the establishment of municipal sanctuaries, buffer zone delineation and perimeter 7 planting, fish seeding, water quality monitoring, strengthening of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Councils (FARMCs), lake resources assessment, lake grass protected Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  25. 25. Institutional Conceptual Framework Institutional strengthening is another LMDA environmental management program 1 component, which focuses primarily on the 2 need of alliance to provide mechanisms to 3 ensure coordination and cooperation among 4 the various sectors in the proper 5 management of Lake Mainit (LMDA, 2000). 6 This component deals with the conduct of 7 capacity-building activities, information, education and communication, legislation and enforcement of environmental policies, linkaging/networking and resource Services Communities Satisfaction on LMDA
  26. 26. This study assessed the satisfaction ofcommunities on the environmental management 1services of Lake Mainit Development Alliance 2(LMDA) from 2006–2011. It specifically sought to 3answer the following questions: 4 1. What is the level of satisfaction of the 5 communities on the LMDA services 6 considering the following environmental management components? 7 1.1. Upland and lowland management; 1.2. River management; 1.3. Lake management; and 1.4. Institutional strengthening? Communities’ Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  27. 27. 2. What are the problems encountered by the communities based on theStatement of the Problem following environmental 1 management component areas: 2 2.1. Upland and lowland 3 management; 4 2.2. River management; 5 2.3. Lake management; and 6 2.4. Institutional strengthening? 7 Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  28. 28. MethodologyThe study used descriptive method of 1research. It illustrates the existing 2conditions under study, which responds to 3the main purpose of the research. It is a 4descriptive inquiry on the level of 5satisfaction of the communities on the 6services of Lake Mainit Development 7Alliance (LMDA) while finding out thecontemporary problems existing in thearea of environmental management. Respondent Data Locale Sampling s Gathering Data Instrument Validation Scoring Treatment Communities’ Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  29. 29. The study was conducted to four municipalities out of eight municipalities covering Lake Mainit influence area. These 1 are the municipalities of Mainit and Alegria 2Methodology in the province of Surigao del Norte and 3 municipalities of Kitcharao and Jabonga in 4 the province of Agusan del Norte. The Lake 5 Mainit area straddles the southern part of 6 Surigao del Norte and northern part of 7 Agusan del Norte comprising the eight municipalities. The Lake Mainit and its watershed is situated in a small peninsula extending north from eastern side of Mindanao. Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  30. 30. Methodology: Location Map 1 2 3 Caraga Map 4 Northeastern Mindanao Philippines 5 6 7 Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  31. 31.  4th Largest lake in the CountryLake Mainit Situation Methodology  One of the cleanest lake in Philippines 1  It has a total lake area of about 17,060 hectares (BFAR) 2  Lakeshore has a total length of 62.10 kms. 3  Divided almost equally between Agusan del 4 Norte and Surigao del Norte. 5  Lake falls within the jurisdiction of municipality of Mainit, Alegria, Kitcharao and Jabonga. 6  Headwater areas are within the municipality of 7 Sison and Tubod, SDN and downstream areas are the municipality of Santiago & Tubay, ADN  It has a total of 31 lakeshore barangays  It can be classified as oligotrophic lake from the physio-chemical (Limnological Study) Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  32. 32. Watershed Area 87,072.00 has. Aggregate Land Area 72,372.00 has. Maximum Depth 223 meters 1 Mean Depth 128 meters 2Methodology Volume 18.00 km³ 3 No. of main tributaries 28 rivers 4 Outlet of the lake Kalinawan river 5 Total length 29.10 kms. 6 Climate Type II 7 Surface Temperature 27.0000c-30.660c Ph Ranges 7.2(40m)to7.9(0m) Water Classification Class A (EMB) Trophic Class Oligotrophic Lake (PCAMRD) Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  33. 33. The respondents of this study were taken from the member of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) of LMDA 1 composed of people’s organizationsSubject Respondents Methodology 2 (POs) and non-government 3 organizations (NGOs) who have project 4 engagement or partnership with LMDA 5 for certain period and continue seeking 6 assistance and partnership with LMDA’s 7 partner NGOs; hence they have knowledge about LMDA and its services. Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  34. 34. POs are partner-beneficiaries of the projects in the communities. The Cooperative of 1 Farmers/Fisherfolks (COFF) arePO Methodology 2 registered to Cooperative 3 Development Authority (CDA) 4 The Association of 5 Farmers/Fisherfolks (AFF) are 6 accredited by the Department of 7 Labor and Employment (DOLE). Respondent POs were the members and officers who have knowledge on LMDA. Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  35. 35. NGOs are partner-implementer of the project or outreach program implemented in the communities. 1NGO Methodology They are registered to the Securities and 2 Exchange Commission (SEC) whose main 3 offices are located in cities of Surigao, 4 Butuan, Cagayan de Oro and Davao. 5 The respondents from NGOs are those 6 who have experienced previous and 7 current engagement with the LMDA and municipalities within the area of study as identified by LMDA like the Director, Project Coordinator or Community Development Workers Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  36. 36. Civil Society Gender Total Organizations Male % Femal % Frequenc %Cso Type Methodology (CSO) Type e y 1 POs (COFF) 12 27.27 35 37.63 47 34.31 2 POs (AFF) 24 54.55 49 52.69 73 53.28 3 POs (Other) 4 9.09 5 5.38 9 6.57 NGO (Surigao) - - 2 2.15 2 1.46 4 NGO (Butuan) 2 4.55 1 1.08 3 2.19 5 NGO (CDO) 1 2.27 - - 1 0.73 6 NGO (Davao) 1 2.27 1 1.08 2 1.46 Total 44 100.0 93 100.0 137 100.0 7 0 0 0 Percentage 32.12 67.88 100.00 Type of Civil Society Organizations (CSO) and Distribution of Gender of Respondents Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  37. 37. Knowledge on Residency LMDAResidency Methodology Period 1 Frequenc Frequency % % 2 y 3 Below 1 year - - 4 2.92 4 1 year - - 2 1.46 2 years 2 1.46 10 7.30 5 3 years 7 5.11 11 8.03 6 4 years 5 3.65 35 25.55 7 5 years 14 10.22 41 29.93 Above 5 109 79.56 34 24.82 The Respondents’ Period of Residency in Lake Mainit years communities & Knowledge on LMDA 100.0 Total 137 100.00 137 0 Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  38. 38. The study used purposive sampling in determining the target respondents whoSampling Methodology 1 have knowledge about the LMDA. 2 Respondents were taken from four 3 municipalities out of eight municipalities 4 covering the Lake Mainit influence area. 5 They were taken from NEWS directions. 6 The Municipality of Mainit represents 7 north and west respondents; Municipalities of Alegria and Kitcharao for the east; and Municipality of Jabonga for south. Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  39. 39. Geographical setting of the community POs located in upland, river and 1 lakeshore was also considered in this 2Methodology study. 3 50%+ of the 252 members of POs from 4 the four municipalities living within the 5 study area were the respondent from 6 POs. 7 One or two actual respondents were taken from NGO since usually there are two or three on-field workers employed by NGOs depending on the kind and coverage area of the project engagement Services Communities Satisfaction on LMDA
  40. 40. Gathering Data Methodology The researcher asked permission from the LMDA – Program Management and 1 Coordination Office (PMCO) before 2 conducting the actual survey. 3 The researcher personally administered 4 in the distribution of the questionnaires to 5 the identified respondents. Retrieval of 6 the questionnaires was made 7 immediately after the respondents accomplished these. An interview was conducted to clarify issues and problems based on the survey questionnaire and to substantiate the survey. Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  41. 41. For the NGOs who were not available at the communities or their 1 2 local offices at the time of the actualMethodology 3 survey, the researcher visited the 4 nearest NGO offices in Surigao City 5 and Butuan City to conduct the 6 survey. 7 The questionnaires were sent via e- mail to NGO respondents who were not available at the field especially the office based in Davao and Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  42. 42. Utilized the secondary data taken from the LMDA - PMCO, which 1 2 include the milestoneMethodology 3 reports, accomplishment 4 reports, related studies, newsletter 5 publications, and other relevant 6 supporting documents of the 7 alliance. Used the online documents available in the LMDA website and other related website sources in the Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  43. 43. The instrument utilized in collecting data is the researcher-made questionnaire.Instrument Methodology 1 This instrument was preferred because it 2 gathers data faster than any other 3 method. The questionnaire was 4 translated into local dialect to make it 5 clear and understandable on the part of 6 the respondents in the community level. The survey questionnaire used in the 7 study was adopted from the LMDA briefer. Items are based on the problem of the study and also were gathered from LMDA accomplishments. Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  44. 44. The survey questionnaire was divided into two parts. 1  Part I covers the personal 2Methodology information of the respondent. 3  Part II is based on the problems set 4 in the study. This contains the 5 questions about community 6 satisfaction on LMDA services 7 according to four environmental component services. It also asked specific questions about the issues and problems encountered by the communities. Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  45. 45. A researcher-made questionnaire wasValidation Methodology referred to three experts from LMDA- 1 PMCO, LGU Action Officer to LMDA, 2 and NGO partner who have full 3 knowledge on the LMDA partnership 4 operations for content evaluation and 5 recommendation for further 6 enhancement. 7 The enhanced instrument was successfully tried out to the 30 respondents from SIUFMULCO in Santiago, Agusan del Norte for content validation before itsCommunities Satisfaction on LMDA Services finalization and
  46. 46. The researcher employed the use of a five- point Likert-type rating scale in measuring the 1Scoring Methodology levels of communities’ satisfaction on LMDA 2 services the following procedure: 3 Weight Mean Qualitative Qualifying Statement 4 Points Values Description 5 5 4.50-5.00 Very much - Always satisfied on the satisfied LMDA services 6 4 3.50-4.49 Much satisfied - Often satisfied on the LMDA services 7 3 2.50-3.49 Satisfied - Sometimes satisfied on the LMDA services 2 1.50-2.49 Less satisfied - Seldom satisfied on the LMDA services 1 1.00-1.49 Not satisfied - Never satisfied on the LMDA services Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  47. 47. The data were carefully analyzed andTreatment Methodology interpreted using the following statistical 1 tools: 2 For the problem 1, the application of 3 the mean and the standard deviation 4 were used in finding the level of 5 satisfaction of communities. 6 For problem 2, the frequency count 7 and percentage based on the actual responses were employed to determine the problems identified by the respondents. Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  48. 48. The findings of the study are as follows: The level of satisfaction of communities 1 on the LMDA services is satisfied on the 2 three components, namely: upland and 3 lowland management, river 4 management, and institutional 5 strengthening; while the level of 6 satisfaction of communities on lake 7 management component is much satisfied. However, the level of satisfaction of communities on the LMDA services is generally satisfied. Services Communities’ Satisfaction on LMDA
  49. 49. Summary Table on the Level of Satisfaction of the Communities on the LMDA Services 1Summary of Satisfaction Findings LMDA Services X Sd Over-all Qd 2 1. Lake management 3.55 0.85 Much 3 satisfied 4 2. Institutional 3.49 0.83 Satisfied 5 strengthening 6 3. Upland and lowland 3.37 0.77 Satisfied management 7 4. River4.50 – 5.00 Very much satisfied Legend: management 3.12 1.50 – 2.49 Satisfied 0.85 Less satisfied 3.50 – 4.49 Much satisfied 1.00 – 1.49 Not satisfied Over-all 2.50 – 3.49 Satisfied 3.38 0.68 Satisfied Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  50. 50. The main problems encountered perroblems Encountered Findings component area by the CSOs are the 1 following: 2 Main Problems Percentag LMDA Program 3 e Component 4 1. Illegal fishing 68% Lake management 2. Lack of support and 64% Institutional 5 fund strengthening 6 3. Upland area 52% Upland & lowland destruction management 7 4. Soil erosion, 37% River management landslide, cutting of trees Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  51. 51. The problems on mining and flooding 1 are the common problems that existedFindings 2 on upland and lowland 3 management, river management, and 4 lake management components. 5 The poor attitude and poor participation 6 of people; and the poor implementation 7 and enforcement of laws and policies, are the significant crosscutting issues or problems present on the four components of LMDA services. Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  52. 52. Based on the findings of the study, thefollowing conclusions are drawn: 1 21. Since the level of satisfaction of 3 communities on the LMDA services is 4 generally satisfied, therefore the 5 communities in Lake Mainit influence 6 area are sometimes satisfied with the 7 LMDA services in performing its mandates to sustain its environmental management services. Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  53. 53. 2. Communities in Lake Mainit influence area are still facing different environmental and 1 2 institutional related issues orConclusion 3 problems despite LMDA’s 4 continual efforts in the 5 implementation of its 6 environmental management 7 programs. Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  54. 54. 1 1. The LGUs, LMDA, Department of 2 Environment and Natural Resources 3 (DENR), Department of Agriculture (DA), A 41 2 and NGOs must consider the provision of3 4 5 B alternative livelihood and necessary 61 23 4 supports and funds for the identified and C appropriate income-generating projects 71 23 4 (IGPs). They must provide and maintain D suitable community-based farming1 23 4 technologies and practices with 5 continuous assessment and support. LMDA Services Communities’ Satisfaction on
  55. 55. Recommendations 2. The LMDA, LGUs, DENR, NGOs and Department of Tourism (DOT) should establish 1 and continue to maintain tree parks, nurseries, and agro-forestry projects in every municipality 2 and promote eco-tourism. 3 A 3. The LGUs, with LMDA, NGOs and concerned 41 23 4 GLAs should continue conducting related 5 B environmental assessments and IEC advocacies 61 23 4 like symposia with topics on environment, and biological assessment. The LGU and DENR with 7 C1 23 4 NGOs and communities should D institutionalize/deputize and support the1 2 community environmental wardens or teams in3 4 5 monitoring and implementing environmental Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  56. 56. Recommendations 4. The LMDA in close collaboration with the DENR, Mines Geosciences Bureau 1 (MGB), Environmental Management 2 Bureau (EMB), LGUs 3 (province, municipalities, barangays), and A 41 2 Department of Interior and Local3 4 5 B Government (DILG), should institute 61 23 4 communities monitoring and response group to regulate, monitor, evaluate and 7 C1 23 4 take necessary actions in all mining and D quarrying operations.1 23 4 5 Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  57. 57. Recommendations 1. The LMDA in close collaboration with the DA, Department of Public Works and 1 Highways (DPWH), municipal and provincial 2 LGUs, and National Irrigation Authority (NIA) 3 should implement relevant infrastructure A 41 2 projects like flood control project, drainage3 4 canal, dredging of Kalinawan River, and 5 B1 2 riverbank stabilization that will address the 63 4 soil erosion, river siltation. 7 C1 2 2. The LMDA, DENR, provincial and municipal3 4 LGUs should continue to monitor and D1 2 evaluate the rivers, assess and regulate3 4 5 mining operators and quarrying sites. Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  58. 58. Recommendations 3. The LGUs with the cooperation from BFAR, FARMCs, Philippine National 1 Police (PNP) maritime group and local 2 police must strictly implement 3 A environmental ordinances against illegal 41 23 4 fishing on major tributary rivers like 5 B Kalinawan River. 61 23 4 4. The LGUs must implement the Ecological 7 C Solid Waste Management (ESWM) Act of1 23 4 2000 (RA 9003); improved their ESWM D1 2 practices; and conduct relevant IEC and3 4 5 advocacy to communities on ESWM. Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  59. 59. Recommendations 1. The LMDA in partnership with the municipal and barangay LGUs, BFAR, FARMCs, PNP maritime 1 group, communities and local police 2 must strongly and fully implement the 3 A unified fishery ordinance (UFO) in 41 23 4 5 B Lake Mainit. 61 23 4 2. LMDA and BFAR should provide 7 C appropriate capacity-building1 23 4 initiatives related to lake D1 2 management especially to3 4 5 community organizations, FARMCs Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  60. 60. Recommendations 3. BFAR should continue to implement the fish seeding or fish dispersal to 1 the Lake and help LGUs maintain its 2 fish sanctuaries. 3 A 4. LGUs should enforce the 41 23 4 implementation of ESWM Act of 5 B1 2 2000; implement Organic Agriculture 63 4 Act of 2010 (RA 10068); and promote 7 C1 2 organic agricultural practices3 4 especially on rice farming D1 23 4 management within the lakeshore 5 communities. Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  61. 61. Recommendations 1. The LMDA with the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA) should come up with technical project proposals especially 1 those that enhance socio-economic and 2 environmental development to be endorsed 3 to the national government and to foreign A donors’ overseas development assistance 41 23 4 (ODA) program for funding support. 5 B1 2 2. The LMDA with the major partner CSOs 63 4 should strengthen and fully operate the Lake 7 C1 2 Mainit CSO network. They should also3 4 promote and integrate the spiritual D1 2 development and values nurturing program3 4 5 on its plans and activities to the community Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  62. 62. Recommendations 3. The LMDA, LGUs and CSO network should continue to assist the communities, conduct 1 regular assessment to POs, and provide 2 appropriate trainings and skills development 3 interventions. A 41 2 4. The LMDA should have full autonomy and3 4 5 B powers over Lake Mainit. The member LGUs 61 23 4 and GLAs with the Regional Development C Council (RDC) should endorse the Lake 71 23 4 Mainit Development Authority Bill to senate D and congress for enactment.1 23 4 5 Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  63. 63. Recommendations 5. The LMDA must enhance and revisit its strategic development plans; harmonize or 1 mainstream it with the development plans to 2 both the national and local governments and 3 CSOs; and fully implement the environmental A 41 2 management services as stipulated on its3 4 5 B EMP with funding supports and political will 61 23 4 from LGUs and other funding institutions. 7 C1 23 4 D1 23 4 5 Communities Satisfaction on LMDA Services
  64. 64. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7Natad, Johny S.“Communities’ Satisfaction on Lake Mainit Development Alliance(LMDA) Services”, Unpublished Master’s thesis, Bukidnon StateUniversity, City of Malaybalay, Bukidnon, March 2013. Communities’ Satisfaction on LMDA Services

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