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Organising content in groups

Organising content in groups

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SMIL Containers Presentation Transcript

  • 1. 6 SMIL Containers Organising Content in Groups
  • 2. 6.1 Grouping Content
    • Important SMIL module to understand
    • Provides foundation for building complex SMIL presentations
    • Can be confusing to new SMIL authors
      • Lack of SMIL authoring tools to assist the authoring process
    • Order of presentation
      • Explain grouping first and then how to apply timing and synchronisation
    • Tips for authors
      • Draw a diagram to assist design
      • Build up a collection of SMIL and XHTL+TIME templates
      • Plagiarise the SMIL or XHTML+TIME code of presentations with desired behaviour
  • 3. 6.2 Understanding Groups
    • Three elements are used to group content
    • Placed in the <body> of the SMIL file
    • Elements are:
      • <seq> <t:seq> - play clips in sequence
      • <par> <t:par> - play clips in parallel
      • <excl> <t:excl> - play only one clip in group at a time
    • Default group behaviours
      • No group behaviour is specified within the <body>
        • RealONE - plays clips in <seq> uence
        • IEv5.5 or v6 - plays clips in <par> allel
        • QuickTime - plays clips in <seq> uence
    • Groups can be nested to produce complex presentations
      • Using any order
      • To an infinite depth
  • 4. 6.3 <seq> Play Items in a Sequence
    • Simplest form of grouping
      • Slideshow for images etc.
      • Playlist for audio items
    • Any number and type of clips can be used
      • Display and image followed by audio followed by text followed by video etc.
    • Items play one after the other
      • This behaviour can be modified with the use of timing
      • Media such as audio has inherent timing
      • Other media such as images have to be given timing behaviour
    • <seq> is the default behaviour in RealONE and QuickTime
      • Default of XHTML+TIME in Internet Explorer is <par>
    •  Examples
      • Real ONE
      • QuickTime (create .mov file)
      • Internet Explorer v6
    <body> <seq> <img clip1 … /> <img clip2 … /> </seq> </body> <!-- Defining a sequence in XHTML+TIME --> <body> <t:seq> <t:img clip1 … /> <t:img clip2 … /> </t:seq> </body>
  • 5. 6.3.1 <seq> Diagram
    • [ image1] [image2] [image3]
    • >----------time-------------------->>
  • 6. 6.4<par> Play Items in Parallel
    • Allows multiple clips to play at the same time
      • Audio narration for a slide tour
      • Subtitling for a video
    • Different clips playing in different regions
      • Use the region id attribute to assign each clip to a region
        • region=“id”
      • Give audio a region to allow manipulation of audio level
        • Not supported in QuickTime
    • No implicit timing relationship of clips with each other
      • Timing relationships have to be made explicitly
    • Playing multiple clips can exceed available bandwidth
      • Need to consider prefetching content
      • Using lower bandwidth versions of media using <switch> statement
    • Examples
      • RealONE
      • QuickTime (create .mov)
      • Internet Explorer v6
    <!-- Play an image and an audio clip in parallel --> <par> <img clip1 … /> <audio clip2 … /> </par> <!-- Defining a parallel sequence in XHTML+TIME --> <t:par> <t:img clip1 … /> <t:audio clip2 … /> </t:par>
  • 7. 6.4.1 <par> Diagram
    • [image1------------------]
    • [text 1---------------------------]
    • [audio1-------------------------------------]
    • >------------------time ------------------------>>
  • 8. 6.5 <excl> Play Items One at a Time
    • Exclusive behaviour not supported in QuickTime
      • <excl> is part of SMIL2.0 and QuickTime implementation is limited to SMIL1.0
    • Features of a basic exclusive group
      • Only one clip will display at a time
      • Any type and combination of clips will observe this behaviour; audio, video, text, images etc.
      • Clip interruption behaviour is to stop playing the current clip
      • Order of display of clips is controlled by timing attributes
      • Group ends when the last clip has been displayed
    • Examples
      • Real One
      • Internet Explorer 6
    <excl> <img image1 begin=“3s” dur=“10s” /> <img image2 begin=“6s” dur=“10s” /> <img image3 begin=“0s” dur=“10s” /> </excl> <!-- Defining an exclusive group in XHTML+TIME --> <t:excl> <t:img image1 begin=“3” dur=“10” /> <t:img image2 begin=“6” dur=“10” /> <t:img image3 begin=“0” dur=“10” /> </t:excl>
  • 9. 6.5.1 <excl> Interruption Behaviour
    • Clip interruption behaviour modified with <priorityClass> element
    • All clips in a <priorityClass> are peers
    • Priority classes cannot be nested
    • Order of priority classes is significant: first is highest and last is lowest in order
    • Default is for peers to stop when they are interrupted
    • Other interruptions are
      • pause - clip resumes after interrupting clip finishes
      • defer - interrupting clip is deferred until clip finishes
      • never - interrupting clip is never permitted to begin
    • Examples
      • RealONE
      • Internet Explorer v6
    • Can anyone explain what is happening here?
    <excl> <priorityClass peers=“pause”> <img image1 begin=“3s” dur=“10s” /> … </priorityClass> </excl> <!-- Defining an exclusive group in XHTML+TIME --> <t:excl> <t:priorityClass peers=“pause”> <t:img image1 begin=“3” dur=“10” /> … </t:priorityClass> </t:excl>
  • 10. 6.5.2 <excl>Interaction Behaviour
    • Supports user interaction
      • Clicking on an image or button
      • User can choose from a list of options
    • Interaction is event driven
      • Uses the begin timing attribute
      • Dependent upon the support in the SMIL/XHTML+TIME client
    • Examples
      • Real ONE
      • Internet Explorer v6
    <excl> <img image1 begin=“0s; image2.activateEvent” dur=“indefinite” /> <img image2 begin=“image1.activateEvent” dur=“indefinite” /> </excl> <!-- Defining an exclusive group in XHTML+TIME --> <t:excl> <t:img image1 begin=“0; image2.onclick” dur=“indefinite” /> <t:img image2 begin=“image1.onclick” dur=“indefinite” /> </t:excl>
  • 11. 6 Nesting Groups Within Groups
    • Very powerful feature of SMIL
    • Can be confusing at first
    • Needed to build even simple presentations
      • Narrated slide show
      • Text subtitling for video
    • Remember client defaults
      • RealONE and QuickTime - <seq>
      • Internet Explorer v6 - <par>
  • 12. 6.6.1 Nesting Element Groups
    • Sequential group nested inside parallel group
      • All clips and groups play in parallel
        • One or more can play at the same time
        • Not that they all begin at the same time!
      • Timing is relative to the containing group
        • Images take timing from containing sequence
        • Audio and sequence take timing from parallel group
    • Examples
      • Real ONE
      • Internet Explorer v6
    <par> <audio clip … /> <seq> <img1 clip … /> <img2 clip … /> </seq> </par> <!-- Define similar behaviour in XHTML+TIME --> <t:par> <t:audio clip … /> <t:seq> <t:img image1 … /> <t:img image2 … /> </t:seq> </t:par>
  • 13. 6.6.2 Nesting Element Groups
    • Parallel group nested inside a sequential group
      • All items play in sequence
        • Clips begin once the previous one has finished
      • Timing is relative to the containing group
        • For the par group and image clips timing is relative to the seq group enclosing them
        • For the audio, text and img clip, timing is relative to the par group enclosing them
      • This grouping could be used to provide an audio narration for just one of a series of images
    • Exercise: Write out the equivalent XHTML+TIME code
    • Examples
      • Real ONE
      • Internet Explorer v6
    <seq> <video1 video … /> <par> <audio1 audio … /> <img1 image … /> </par> <video2 video … /> </seq>
  • 14. 6.7 Review
    • Just three types of group
      • <par> - parallel
        • More than one clip can play together
      • <seq> - sequence
        • Clips play one after the other in order
      • <excl> - exclusive
        • Only one clip at a time may play
    • SMIL and XHTMl+TIME clients have default groups
      • <seq> RealONE and QuickTime
      • <par> Internet Explorer v6
    • Groups are nested to control presentations
      • Can be confusing
      • Use templates for typical applications