The Current Status And Future Of Nuclear Power C
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The Current Status And Future Of Nuclear Power C Presentation Transcript

  • 1. By Joe Miller EDA, Inc.
  • 2. As of 2004, nuclear power provided 6.5% of the world's energy and 15.7% of the world's electricity, with the U.S. , France , and Japan together accounting for 57% of all nuclear generated electricity. As of 2007 , the IAEA reported there are 439 nuclear power reactors in operation in the world, operating in 31 different countries.
  • 3.  
  • 4. Status of Commercial Nuclear Power in the USA
  • 5.
    • The Current USA Reactor Fleet is dominated
    • by two reactor types
    • Pressurized Water Reactors (PWR)
    • Boiling Water Reactors (BWR)
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10. Other Reactor Types in the World
    • PHW Candu: Pressurized Heavy Water Candu
    • BLW Candu: Boiling Light Water Candu
    • BHWR: Boiling Heavy Water Reactor
    • SGHWR: Steam Generating Heavy Water Reactor
    • PHWR: Pressure Vessel Heavy Water Reactor
    • LWCHWR: Light Water Cooled Heavy Water Reactor
    • GCR: Gas Cooled Reactor
    • MAGNOX: Magnox Type Gas Cooled Reactor
    • AGR: Advanced Gas Cooled Reactor
    • HTGR: High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor
    • FBR: Fast Breeder Reactor
    • LWBR: Light Water Breeder Reactor
    • GCHWR: Gas Cooled Heavy Water Reactor
    • LWGR: Light Water Cooled Graphite Reactor
  • 11. Annual Energy Outlook 2007 with Projections to 2030
  • 12. Annual Electric Sales
    • Total electricity sales increase by 41 percent from 3,660 billion kilowatt-hours in 2005 to 5,168 billion kilowatt-hours in 2030.
    • The largest increase is in the commercial sector (Figure 53), as service industries continue to drive growth.
    • Electricity sales, which are strongly affected by the rate of economic growth, are projected to grow by 54 percent to 5,654 billion kilowatt-hours in 2030.
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16. Public Opinion
    • Feb 2005 opinion poll regarding nuclear power in the USA.
    • Blue represents people in favor of nuclear power.
    • Gray represents undecided.
    • Yellow represents opposed to nuclear power
  • 17. U.S. Electricity Production Costs 1995-2006, In 2006 cents per kilowatt-hour Production Costs = Operations and Maintenance Costs + Fuel Costs Source: Global Energy Decisions Updated: 6/07
  • 18. Factors positively influencing the prospects of constructing new nuclear power plants: Presented in Speech by Chair of NRC in 2008
    • Support by the President and the Congress for expanding the use of nuclear power, including incentives for the first six plants
    •  
    • Concerns with the Nation’s energy security
    • High cost of oil and natural gas
    • Environmental considerations
    • Low and stable electrical production costs from nuclear
    • Low interest rates and inflation
    • Renewed interest by utilities in building new nuclear power plants
    • NRC’s establishment of an improved licensing process
  • 19. Factors Negatively influencing the prospects of constructing new nuclear power plants: Presented in Speech by Chair of NRC in 2008
    • High capital cost of new nuclear power plants
    • Financing considerations
    • New licensing processes have not yet been fully tested
  • 20. New infrastructure needed for new nuclear power plants: Presented in Speech by Chair of NRC
    • Improved reactor design and construction
    • Reliable suppliers
    • Well-qualified personnel
  • 21.  
  • 22. Roadmap to Commercial Operation
  • 23. Click to See Movie on New Licensing Process
  • 24. Proposed New Reactors in the USA
  • 25.  
  • 26.  
  • 27.  
  • 28. Advanced Reactors Scheduled for Review by NRC
    • Evolutionary Power Reactor (EPR)
    • Simplified Boiling Water Reactor (ESBWR)
    • Westinghouse AP1000 Advanced Passive Plant
    • US-APWR is a 4451 MWt pressurized water reactor designed by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
  • 29.
    • The review process for new reactor designs involves the certification of standard reactor designs by rulemaking (Subpart B of Part 52).
    • Design certification applicants must provide the technical information necessary to demonstrate compliance with the safety standards set forth in applicable NRC regulations (10 CFR Parts 20, 50, 73, and 100).
    • Applicants must also provide information to close out unresolved and generic safety issues, as well as issues that arose after the Three Mile Island accident.
  • 30.
    • Currently there are four certified reactor designs that can be referenced in an application for a combined license. They are:
    • Advanced Boiling Water Reactor design by GE Nuclear Energy (May 1997);
    • System 80+ design by Westinghouse (formerly ABB-Combustion Engineering) (May 1997);
    • AP600 design by Westinghouse (December 1999); and
    • AP1000 design (pictured) by Westinghouse (February 2006).
  • 31. Advanced Reactors
    • ABWR developed by General Electric Co (GE), USA, together with Hitachi & Toshiba Japan
    • APWR developed by Westinghouse (W), USA, together with Mitsubishi, Japan
    • BWR 90 developed by ABB Atom, Sweden
    • AP1000 Westinghouse
    • EPR developed by Nuclear Power International (NPI), a joint company of Framatome, France and Siemens, Germany
    • System 80+ developed by ABB Combustion Engineering Nuclear Power, USA
    • VVER-1000 (V-392) developed by Atomenergo project and Gidropress, Russia
  • 32. Advanced Boiling Water Reactor
    • ABWR: The U.S. Advanced Boiling Water Reactor design uses a single-cycle, forced circulation, reactor with a rated power of 1,300 megawatts electric (MWe).
    • The design incorporates features of the BWR designs in Europe, Japan, and the United States, and uses improved electronics, computer, turbine, and fuel technology.
    • The design is expected to increase plant availability, operating capacity, safety, and reliability.
  • 33.
    • AP1000: This is a larger version of the previously approved AP600 design.
    • It is a 1,000 MWe advanced pressurized water reactor that incorporates passive safety systems and simplified system designs.
    • It is similar to the AP600 design but uses a longer reactor vessel to accommodate longer fuel, and also includes larger steam generators and a larger pressurizer.
  • 34.  
  • 35.  
  • 36. ABB Combustion Engineering System 80+
    • The System 80+ is a 1300 MWe advanced pressurized water reactor.
    • Like previous ABB-CE reactors, the System 80+ reactor coolant system has a two loop configuration, a major feature that has distinguished CE designed units.
    • Like other ALWRs, improved safety performance and operability are achieved, owing to sophisticated design features.
    • Another interesting feature of System 80+ is that it can run with Plutonium fuel, which could be a very useful mean to dispose the Weapon Graded Plutonium from dismantled nuclear warheads
  • 37. United States Advanced PWR
    • The US-APWR is a 4451 MWt pressurized water reactor designed by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    • It is an evolutionary design with active safety features. The US-APWR is based on established APWR technology.
    • Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd formally announced its intent to pursue a Design Certification on June 20, 2006 and formally requested a pre-application review of the U.S. APWR on August 31, 2006.
  • 38.
    • EPR : The EPR is a large pressurized water reactor of evolutionary design, with design output of approximately 1,600 MWe.
    • Design features include four 100% capacity trains of engineered safety features, a double-walled containment, and a “core catcher” for containment and cooling of core materials for severe accidents resulting in reactor vessel failure.
    • The design does not rely on passive safety features. The first EPR is currently being constructed at the Olkiluoto site in Finland.
  • 39. UniStar Nuclear will market a standard advanced design called the U.S. Evolutionary Power Reactor (U.S. EPR), a 1,600-megawatt evolutionary power reactor designed for America by AREVA Inc.
  • 40.
    • Economic Simplified Boiling Water Reactor ( ESBWR )
    • General Electric requested pre-application review of its design in a letter to the NRC dated April 18, 2002.
    • General Electric submitted its design certification application for the ESBWR on August 24, 2005.
    • The staff accepted the application for review in a letter dated December 1, 2005, and expects the certification process to continue through 2010.
  • 41. Nuclear Plant Design Expectations
    • 3-6 Nuclear Plant Applications this year
    • 15-30 Nuclear Plant Applications in 2010
    • Significant Shortages of Nuclear Design Engineers
    • Significant Shortages of Analyst to Perform Calculations for Licensing Evaluations.
    • Significant Shortage of Review Engineers
  • 42. Contact EDA, Inc
    • Marketing Department
    • EDA, Inc
    • 2015 Woodford Rd
    • Vienna, VA 22182
    • 703 356 4149
    • 703 597 2459