Bikes on Buses at 2 Walkand Bike Presentation


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Hastings, New Zealand- 2 Walk and Cycle conference. Presentation on implementation factors for the Bike on Bus system in New Zealand.

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Bikes on Buses at 2 Walkand Bike Presentation

  1. 1. Cycling and Public Transport IntegrationImplementing Bikes on Buses beyond the business case Jonathan Slason 23 February 2012
  2. 2. Bus and Bike Research Basics - HistoryCycle-PT Research: NZ Research Report 418 published data on Bike and Ride (BaR): estimated demand and costs of system wide ‘bike This is where a cyclist uses a bike to reach on bus’ roll out. the public transport facilities and Research included Bike and Ride, locker demand, then parks the bike there and an extensive literature review. (parking on either end of trip) The research provided a comprehensive review of Bike on Board and Bike and Ride programmes worldwide. Bike on Board (BoB): This is where a cyclist uses a bike to reach the public transport facilities and then carries the bike onto the public transport service. The bike can then be used at the latter end of the service to reach the final
  3. 3. Bus and BikeBikes increase the netcatchment per bus / rail / ferrystop. Tables and images from Report 418
  4. 4. Growth in Bike and Bus in USACreating liveable Cities Bike bus tour: Basic Info Streetfilms
  5. 5. Implementation Identify Drivers and Champions for Project Stakeholder engagement and financing A successful implementation of the Bike and Bus system Roll-Out Planning should be staged to take advantage of planning and Market preparation building incremental support Pre-roll out 4 E’s Management and
  6. 6. Partial Implementation - Challenges • Partial or trial approaches won’t work as well – and won’t capture the excitement necessary to create meaningful behaviour change and may take a long time to build support and generate demand for system. • Risk is great – use analytical approach to maximise efficiency and benefits of the investment • The Cycle-PT Research combined an extensive literature review and exposure to international systems allows NZ the opportunity to learn from others – • Opportunity to take the best from worldwide examples to create a truly exciting and successful Cycle and Public Transport
  7. 7. Fully Integrated Bike on Bus System RolloutThe 4 E’s Environment Education Engineering Encouragement Create a Liveable City Create a Learning Create a Quality System Create a Culture EnvironmentWorld Class Transport Practice racks at key Bus bike racks Advertising & locations BrandingActive and Healthy City Bike locker and bike Bike on Bus events - rack (bike parking) TravelWiseSustainable transport Rolling Bus Tour establishmentmodes Incentive programme Cycle Education Improve local cycleIntegration with other access (key routes, Key performanceRegional Initiatives Teaming up with cycle lanes, signal monitoring system(regional cycle ways, CAN/CAA and other priority for buses andrental cycle scheme) advocate networks cycles, etc.) to stations Events and heavily used localRemoval of Printed materials, bus stops Key public figures getImpediments such as videos, combine with on boardTunnels and Harbours branding Identify space restrictions and turning Maximise use of the bus turning radii integrated Bike & PT conflicts (route audits) system (i.e. lockers, bike on board, bike Cycle signage to major rentals, etc.) destinations and bus stops
  8. 8. EducationTraining practice racks Practice racks at busy stops as well as general education about the rack system. The practice racks can reduce the fear and hesitation – for that first time that is always a bit scary left: Example here is a travelling practice rack. below: bike rack on bus tourTravelling bus bike rackSource:Philly, PA, USA. Philly Bike Coalition
  9. 9. Education Popular Training and ‘cool factor’Internet video Seattle General User Introduction to Bike Bus Rack Video video: mms:// Video with lots of examples of people loading and unloading their bicycles from the bus racks. Provides clear and easy to understand directions for users. Example videos on public education on the concept of putting your bike on the bus Will need a NZ specific version! Bike Rap Video: Louisville Encouragement and Education video: Rappers and bus drivers dance with a catchy tune advertising and educating people on the new bus racks. Highlights the benefits of the bike and transit combination.
  10. 10. EngineeringQuality Equipment Proven equipment. Solid recent results on Waiheke using the 3- bike version Sportworks Product Video
  11. 11. EngineeringFixing the ConstraintsRoute Audit for Bike on Bus and Bike and Ride systems- Bus geometric limitations: Buses will need to navigate with another ~1 metre length. Route assessments to determine where stop lines and parking may be affected by turning buses (especially at signals)- Bike and ride locker demand and placement: Efficient placement at places of demand to minimise cost of implementation.- Access: Review cycle routes to and from the bus route or facility to the sources of the demand (homes, businesses, etc.)
  12. 12. Engineering – bike parkingLocker supply and management Craft a business or organisation model which can manage the bicycle racks and bicycle lockers The lockers will become a pivotal part of a integrated Cycle-PT system. Especially on high volume PT routes such as the Northern Busway (Auckland) Incentives to use lockers can increase locker utilisation and PT patronage Technology, good positioning, marketing and partnerships can enable a successful locker system Left top: Northern bus way locker. $2 deposit and return system. (ARTA website) Right top: Wellington bike lockers (CAN website) Left bottom: Bike Link is a technology driven locker system used along the CalTrain (and elsewhere) system.
  13. 13. EncouragementCulture & Behaviour ChangeTravelWise andBikewise monthDevelop flyers,brochures toencourageadditional ridersBuild culture Examples found in Chicago, Illinois,USAaround theactivity How to create a culture! Influence BehaviourRiding mentors: a Changeperson to personcoach for cycling
  14. 14. ImplementationGetting it Right NZ has the advantage to learn from the rest of the world And build a high quality complete system Allow cyclists to reach the bus system with improved cycle facilities and cycle parking at major stops and stations. As overall cycle demand and facilities grow – PT Trips will follow. The key is to build an integrated solution – all modes, all routes, on board and lockers.
  15. 15. Case Study -
  16. 16. Monitoring and Evaluation: users The Bike on Bus System on Waiheke island is likely to experience a wide variety of users – especially those that: ─ Have more leisure time (sight seeing, wine tasting, exercise) ─ Will have families and large groups ─ A higher proportion of non-commuters and non-work business ─ Overall less consistent rider base This will lead to users potentially with larger needs and interests in the Bike on Bus system as well as users with more flexibility in time and less focused on bus timetable
  17. 17. Fullers: Waiheke Bus Company Fullers arranged for the bike racks to be purchased as an added value for their current and anticipated future patrons. Initial pilot – 3 racks were purchased. ─ The 3 racks were tested with real bikes for a few days while driving over the roads and bus route ─ Opened to the public on 25 January 2012 Success has lead to Fullers planning to purchase the remaining racks for their bus
  18. 18. Activities Undertaken Pre-implementation survey with bus drivers. This provided the drivers to comment and add thoughts/reactions to about the racks. Provided to Fullers Marketing, legal advice on liability, instructions to users, and opportunities for making a ‘bike loading video’ Visually confirmed racks on buses and discussed system in an informal follow-up with
  19. 19. Initial Findings Racks work extremely well, even given the rough road conditions on Waiheke. A diverse user base of the racks ─ Tourists who may not anticipate the hilly terrain ─ Recreational users plan on half of trip by bus ─ Commuters, bus in, bike back (and vice versa) ─ Bike Commuters when time is tight, the bus offers a quicker alterative ─ Cyclists when Weather changes (rain and wind)
  20. 20. Driver perspectives Initially: ─ Fearful of bike risks of falling off ─ Timetable issues of slow loading/unloading ─ Extra work to assist users ─ Tight geometry of roads around the island cause some concern of safety ─ Didn’t see the
  21. 21. Driver perspectives Currently: ─ Already clear that the racks have added value to a few users ─ No impact on timetable ─ Have had to assist a few times ─ A few confused users unsure how to operate the rack ─ Bus ‘pulse’ configuration timetables for Ferry’s has resulted in insufficient capacity to meet demand (more people on a specific ferry want to use the limited rack space) ─ Drivers have become aware of tight spots. Some safety education around stops may have to be undertaken (due to swing of a loaded rack)
  22. 22. Monitoring and Evaluation: On-board surveys will be carried out a few months that can document changes from Pre- and Post- : ─ Demographics ─ Time of loading, unloading ─ Ease of use ─ Information that users had of the system ─ Driver’s impression of
  23. 23. Next Steps Refine the Waiheke approach ─ Ensure equipment is acceptable ─ Record driver information and feedback ─ Understand ‘growing’ pains of the first regional implementation ─ Provide better information to users of the system Wider roll-out application ─ Understand if any physical constraints ─ Document how different uses use the system and what information can be better presented to maximise efficient use of the
  24. 24. Case Study - Waiheke Install permanent Bike on Bus rack at the Ferry Station. Practice rack for those new to the
  25. 25. Monitoring and Evaluation:
  26. 26. Monitoring and Evaluation: