Introductions & Conclusions


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Introductions & Conclusions

  2. 2. Introductions
  3. 3. Overview  The introductory paragraph…  should grab the reader’s attention and make him/her want to read the remainder of the writing.  sets the context for the essay by introducing your topic and providing just enough background that your argument makes sense.  ends with your thesis statement.
  4. 4. So, you should include:  A Hook  (to grab the attention of the reader)  It should relate to your topic and reflect the academic tone of your paper.  Background Information  (enough to set the context of your topic, but not enough to bore your reader)  Your Thesis Statement  (the specific ideas that you will argue in the essay)
  5. 5. Sample Introduction The emergence of the cell phone as a tool for social interaction has brought with it many advantages, but unfortunately it has also brought many unwanted side effects. The expression “with increasing technology comes increasing responsibility” has been used before and the cell phone is do different. It is important for people to remember that it is just an object and nothing more. However, for many people the cell phone has become their identity rather than a tool. It has become an “electronic leash” and has changed the way people conduct personal relationships. The uniqueness of face- to-face contact is being lost as we establish mobile, faceless identities. Furthermore, the cell phone inhibits users from living in the present. If one makes the cell phone too important in daily life, it can create an identity for the user and impede the ability to live life to the fullest.
  6. 6. Introduction Style: Shock & Awe  Use a strong fact or statistic—a shocking fact can be a great way to introduce your topic  Seventy-eight percent of parents stated that they would be in favor of school uniforms (Smith 59). This highlights that a need for school apparel reform is necessary.
  7. 7. Introduction Style: Story Time  Write an anecdote—provide a brief story that is drawn from recent news events  Mrs. Smith no longer needs to worry about what style of clothes to buy her children. In August, her shopping consists of ordering the school’s uniform from the approved catalog. She enjoys the simplicity of school shopping.
  8. 8. Introduction Style: What If?  Create a hypothetical situation—paint a picture of events that have not occurred, but can show a “what if” scenario to the audience  Imagine the school pride that students would have if they all wore the school’s colors to class.
  9. 9. Introduction Style: Surprise Me!  Start with a startling claim—taking a risk and starting with a bold statement can be effective  It is possible to remove all school-related violence by adopting a school uniform policy.
  10. 10. Introduction Style: Big Ideas  Make a general statement—discuss your topic in a broad manner. The introduction will work toward the more specific ideas presented in the thesis. • The idea of school uniforms has been debated a great deal over the last decade. This debate has involved opinions from administrators, parents, and students. • But… 
  11. 11. Conclusions
  12. 12. Conclusions need to…  Be substantial.  They’re not an after-thought.  Restate the thesis statement.  To remind your reader of your main point.  Summarize the contents of your paper.  To wrap up your argument.  Answer the question “so what?”  The importance of your point OR  Inspiration to take action OR
  13. 13. Sample Conclusion Cell phones are valuable pieces of technology in this ever-shrinking world, yet it is important for everyone to keep their purpose and value in perspective. People must try to keep face-to-face contact as an important part of society. It is necessary to remember that even though it is possible to be in contact with others, one must enjoy the moment and surroundings. It is important for one’s own sanity that one remain free from the “electronic leash.”
  14. 14. Refer to Mrs. Skotnicki’s annotated introduction and conclusion examples. Still need help?