In-text citations tell us which information
came from which source.
For ALL information that has been quoted,
paraphrased, or summarized.
Help readers distinguish between the writer’s
thoughts and outside information.
They’re always important, but especially
when using more than one source in a paper.
(Author’slastname page#). Use this format for ITW.
(Author’slastname). Use this format for the articles.
▪ When no page number is present.
(“Article title” page#).
▪ When no author’s name is present.
▪ When there is no author and no page numbers.
Mix things up!
Use some of the information that would have
gone in the parenthetical citation in the
The author can sympathize with Chris because he has
attempted to live out similar dreams (Krakauer 135).
In his book, Into theWild, about McCandless, Krakauer can
sympathize with Chris because he has attempted to live out
similar dreams (135).
On page 135, Krakauer exposes his ability to sympathize with
McCandless because he has attempted to live out similar
Use a shortened version of the title instead.
Titles of books belong in italics.
Titles of articles belong in quotation marks.
“Additionally, if the author's name is not
mentioned in the sentence, you would format
your citation with the author's name followed by
a comma, followed by a shortened title of the
work, followed, when appropriate, by page
numbers” (“MLA In-Text Citations”).
According to Krakauer, “it wasn’t arrogance
that had killed him, it was ignorance” (“How
Chris”).This quote not only makes me
question this man’s motives for writing the
story, but also how he could “claim to be an
impartial biographer” when he has clearly
passed judgment about McCandless
(Krakauer, Into theWild, ii).
Notice that I used roman numerals
because I quoted the author’s
“Any source information that you provide in-text
must correspond to the source information on
theWorks Cited page” (“MLA In-Text Citations”).
The information you give in your in-text citation
must be the first thing in the corresponding
Works Cited entry (“MLA In-Text Citations”).
*Whether your in-text citation is embedded or
Use MLA format.
Use easybib.com, your planner, or Noodle
Tools to create the entry for the appropriate
kind of source.
If it’s Into theWild, use the book format.
Check your articles for their citations (@ bottom).
Start on a new page.
Entries should appear in alphabetical order.
Indent the second and subsequent lines of
Center the words “Works Cited” at the top of
No underline, no bold, no formatting.
List works alphabetically by title.
Remember to ignore articles like A, An, andThe.
Provide the author’s name in last name, first name
format for the first entry only.
For each following entry by the same author, use
three hyphens and a period.
Krakauer, Jon. "How Chris McCandless Died." The NewYorker. Condé
Nast, 12 Sept. 2013.Web. 18 Mar. 2014.
---. Into theWild. NewYork: Anchor Books, 1997. Print.
"MLA In-Text Citations:The Basics." Purdue
OWL: MLA Formatting and Style Guide.
Purdue University.Web. 23 Mar. 2014.