Efficiency or Market Gap : the difference between between current levels of access to the levels of access when we have ideal policy, legal and regulatory framework. This gap can be eliminated by changes in current policy, legal and regulatory framework and essentially does not require public financing. Access Gap is the area where even with ideal policy, legal and regulatory framework can not be covered due to very high cost of infrastructure of very low incomes. This is the areas where public financing is required or any form of subsidy. The boundaries are not static, they can change due to changes in technology, emergence of new services, development of the economy and other host of factors.
Pre 1800s communication services were postal services … 1800 – 1900 telegraphs to voice telephony 1900 – 2000 voice telephony to internet .. Before 2100 or even earlier virtual reality or augmented reality would be the form of communication
AGENDA Rural Areas Beyond Mobile Application and Services
1. RURAL AREAS IN TANZANIATHE CASE OF TRIPLE JEOPARDY : 1. Low population density 2. Low income 3. Low literacy level
INCOME AND LITERACY LEVELS• Income poverty• Literacy level required to cope with the environment but not many with information beyond those requirements• Capacity to consume less complex ICT services
RE-THINKING THE UNIVERSAL ACCESS AND SERVICE Market efficiency frontier Access Gap Efficiency/ Market Gap Current level of access High-income households Low-income households Demand 6
WHAT THE FUND’S PLANS• Improve coverage in underserved areas• Reach 90% geographical coverage and 95% population coverage
2. APPLICATION AND SERVICES• Voice Service• Broadcasting service• Television service• SMS• Money transfer services• Gaming• Entertainment services• E-education• E-health• E-everything
INFRASTRUCTURE ON WHICH WE CAN RUNAPPLICATION AND SERVICES• Voice channel• Sms gateway (control & signaling channels)• USSD/2 gateway• Gprs /EDGE/3G?HSPA/4G Huh ?• Wifi• Wimax• FM• Everything
OPPORTUNITIESPlenty of services x Plenty of platforms = plenty opportunities !
3. BEYOND MOBILE …• What will happen 15 years from now ? • What scenarios do we see ? • Mobile ‘phones’ devices or an icon on a device ? • Computers ? • Television ? • The car of the time ? • The house of the time ? • The school of the time ? • Mind communication
1. APPLICATION AND SERVICES IN RURAL AREAS• How do we address demands of the rural and underserved areas ? • Low income • Low population density • Low literacy• Mostly with requirements which can be tailored to address the problems of rural areas