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Peter Ulanga's presentation at Mobile Monday Dar es Salaam Feb 6th, 2012
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Peter Ulanga's presentation at Mobile Monday Dar es Salaam Feb 6th, 2012

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Peter Ulanga, UCSAF: Development of Communications Infrastructure in rural and Underserved Areas

Peter Ulanga, UCSAF: Development of Communications Infrastructure in rural and Underserved Areas

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  • Efficiency or Market Gap : the difference between between current levels of access to the levels of access when we have ideal policy, legal and regulatory framework. This gap can be eliminated by changes in current policy, legal and regulatory framework and essentially does not require public financing. Access Gap is the area where even with ideal policy, legal and regulatory framework can not be covered due to very high cost of infrastructure of very low incomes. This is the areas where public financing is required or any form of subsidy. The boundaries are not static, they can change due to changes in technology, emergence of new services, development of the economy and other host of factors.
  • Pre 1800s communication services were postal services … 1800 – 1900 telegraphs to voice telephony 1900 – 2000 voice telephony to internet .. Before 2100 or even earlier virtual reality or augmented reality would be the form of communication
  • Transcript

    • 1. AGENDA Rural Areas Beyond Mobile Application and Services
    • 2. 1. RURAL AREAS IN TANZANIATHE CASE OF TRIPLE JEOPARDY : 1. Low population density 2. Low income 3. Low literacy level
    • 3. POPULATION DENSITY ´ Legend Tanzania_Village_EA_2002_region POPDENS 0.000000 - 20.000000 20.000001 - 50.000000 50.000001 - 100.000000 0 60 120 240 360 480 Kilometers 100.000001 - 300.000000 300.000001 - 600.000000 600.000001 - 7330040.600000
    • 4. INCOME AND LITERACY LEVELS• Income poverty• Literacy level required to cope with the environment but not many with information beyond those requirements• Capacity to consume less complex ICT services
    • 5. RE-THINKING THE UNIVERSAL ACCESS AND SERVICE Market efficiency frontier Access Gap Efficiency/ Market Gap Current level of access High-income households Low-income households Demand 6
    • 6. UNDERSERVED AREAS ´ Legend Tanzania_Village_EA_2002_region POPDENS 0.000000 - 20.000000 20.000001 - 50.000000 50.000001 - 100.000000 0 60 120 240 360 480 Kilometers 100.000001 - 300.000000 300.000001 - 600.000000 600.000001 - 7330040.600000
    • 7. UNDERSERVED AREAS WITH LOW SIGNALAREAS ´ Legend villages_without_comm_neighb Tanzania_Village_EA_2002_region POPDENS 0.000000 - 20.000000 20.000001 - 50.000000 50.000001 - 100.000000 0 55 110 220 330 440 Kilometers 100.000001 - 300.000000 300.000001 - 600.000000 600.000001 - 7330040.600000
    • 8. WHERE ARE WE ? (MOBILE SERVICES ONLY)
    • 9. WHAT THE FUND’S PLANS• Improve coverage in underserved areas• Reach 90% geographical coverage and 95% population coverage
    • 10. 2. APPLICATION AND SERVICES• Voice Service• Broadcasting service• Television service• SMS• Money transfer services• Gaming• Entertainment services• E-education• E-health• E-everything
    • 11. INFRASTRUCTURE ON WHICH WE CAN RUNAPPLICATION AND SERVICES• Voice channel• Sms gateway (control & signaling channels)• USSD/2 gateway• Gprs /EDGE/3G?HSPA/4G Huh ?• Wifi• Wimax• FM• Everything
    • 12. OPPORTUNITIESPlenty of services x Plenty of platforms = plenty opportunities !
    • 13. 3. BEYOND MOBILE …• What will happen 15 years from now ? • What scenarios do we see ? • Mobile ‘phones’ devices or an icon on a device ? • Computers ? • Television ? • The car of the time ? • The house of the time ? • The school of the time ? • Mind communication
    • 14. DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGY!Highly disruptive !
    • 15. 1. APPLICATION AND SERVICES IN RURAL AREAS• How do we address demands of the rural and underserved areas ? • Low income • Low population density • Low literacy• Mostly with requirements which can be tailored to address the problems of rural areas
    • 16. THANK YOU ! ulanga@ucaf.go.tz 022-2700000

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