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AIR POLLUTION CONTROL L 19

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AIR POLLUTION CONTROL course material by Prof S S JAHAGIRDAR,NKOCET,SOLAPUR for BE (CIVIL ) students of Solapur university. Content will be also useful for SHIVAJI and PUNE university students

AIR POLLUTION CONTROL course material by Prof S S JAHAGIRDAR,NKOCET,SOLAPUR for BE (CIVIL ) students of Solapur university. Content will be also useful for SHIVAJI and PUNE university students

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  • 1. Air Pollution and Control (Elective -I)
  • 2. What is Visibility?  The sky is many times engulfed in a brownish-yellow or greyish-white haze due to air pollution. Such haze can reduce visibility from miles (kilometres) to yards (meters). Mountains or buildings once in plain sight can suddenly be blocked from view.  Air pollution that reduces visibility is often called haze or smog. The term smog originally meant a mixture of smoke and fog in the air, but today it refers to any mixture of air pollutants that can be seen. Smog typically starts in cities or areas with many people, but because it travels with the wind, it can appear in rural areas as well. Prof S S Jahagirdar, NKOCET 2
  • 3.  One consequence of smog over any given area is that it can change the area’s climate. Certain dark particles, such as carbon, absorb solar radiation and scatter sunlight, helping produce the characteristic haze that fills the skies over the world’s megacities. This haze reduces the amount of the Sun’s energy reaching the Earth’s surface, sometimes by as much as 35 percent.  A reduction in sunlight may not be the only thing air pollution inhibits. Some research has supported the idea that certain air particles are altering rainfall patterns as well. Prof S S Jahagirdar, NKOCET 3
  • 4. Visibility  Pollution absorbs and scatters light resulting in sunsets or brown clouds Prof S S Jahagirdar, NKOCET 4
  • 5. Visibility Clear Day Excellent Visibility Visibility in few km Prof S S Jahagirdar, NKOCET Hazy Day Poor Visibility Visibility hardly few m 5
  • 6. Stack height 1) Prof S S Jahagirdar, NKOCET 6
  • 7. 2) 3) Minimum stack height should be at least 30 m. So, select max of above three values as stack height Prof S S Jahagirdar, NKOCET 7
  • 8. Problem on stack height (Rao and Rao pp34-35) Prof S S Jahagirdar, NKOCET 8
  • 9. Solution Prof S S Jahagirdar, NKOCET 9
  • 10. Prof S S Jahagirdar, NKOCET 10
  • 11. SO2 emission rate Prof S S Jahagirdar, NKOCET 11
  • 12. Objective Questions Q1. On a hazy day visibility will be ________. Q2. The minimum stack height should be ___m. Q3. Stack height based on SO2 emission rate is given by ____________. Q4. Stack height based on SPM emission rate is given by ____________. Q5. haze can reduces visibility from ____ to ___. Prof S S Jahagirdar, NKOCET 12
  • 13. Theory Questions Q1.What is visibility? Q2. Write procedure for fixing minimum stack height. Prof S S Jahagirdar, NKOCET 13