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Introducing the constitution
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Introducing the constitution

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  • 1. Setting the foundation
  • 2.  Keep an open mind  Yet, be skeptical  Critique an argument based on:  Logically consistent?  Factually correct?  Sufficient evidence?  Better explanation?
  • 3.  Efforts to influence/control group decision-making
  • 4.  Power: constraining others  Influence  Coercion (force)  Resources (tangible/intangible goods) • Authority: legitimacy of rulers/rules  Choose to obey  “Social Contract”
  • 5.  The Preamble: “We the People”  Article I: the legislature.  The intended primary branch?  Approval ratings?  Article II: the president  The current primary branch?  Article III: federal judicial system  The unaccountable branch?
  • 6.  Article IV: the states  The states or the people?  the power of the Senate & the Electoral College?  The remaining articles deal with a variety of issues  including the supremacy clause
  • 7.  BoR not original:  is it worth less?  Most rights prohibit govt. infringing on liberty  Which limit liberty?  Are our rights clearly stated?  EX: 2nd Amendment?
  • 8.  Slavery outlawed (13th in 1865)  Senators directly elected (17th in 1913)  Limit state’s abilities to limit rights/liberties (14th in 1868)  Increased Equality (Race via the 15th in 1870; Gender via the 19th in 1920; D.C. via the 23rd in 1961; Class via the 24th in 1964); and Age via the 26th in 1971)
  • 9.  Liberty vs. Order  Equality vs. Liberty  Economic Equality  Property Rights & Capitalism Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning 11
  • 10.  How much power and what role should it play in the lives of citizens?  Morality  Social Programs  the Economy  National Security Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning 12
  • 11. A Four- Cornered Ideological Grid Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning 13
  • 12. “Here is not merely a nation but a teeming Nation of nations” Walt Whitman Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning 15
  • 13. Source: Yearbook of Immigration Statistics, 2005, Table 1. (www.usics.gov) Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning 16
  • 14. SOURCE: Washington Post, National Weekly Edition, May 29–June 4, 2006, 8. Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning 17
  • 15. 18
  • 16. © The New Yorker Collection 1992. J.B. Handelsman from cartoonbank.com. All rights reserved. Click here to go to the U.S. POPClock Projection Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning 19
  • 17.  Aging  Population Growth  Ethnic Change  Changes in Hispanic Community  Women in the Workforce Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning 20
  • 18. *Data for 2025 and 2050 are projections. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census. Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning 21
  • 19. Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning 22
  • 20.  Politics center on the meaning of the “social contract”  Americans must reconcile tradition and change  Continuity vs. change