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Chapter2 (day 2)
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Chapter2 (day 2)

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  • 1. An Elite View of the Founding Fathers
    Day 2
  • 2. Elite vs. Pluralist Theory
    For those that have an example that supports either Elite or Pluralist Theory, write it on a piece of paper with your name and email address. Then, fold the paper over and pass it to the front.
  • 3. Do I have all the Papers?
    If you turned in a paper with an answer on it, you are free to leave now—I’ll email you class notes for tonight.
  • 4. Shared Elite Preferences
    Common education, wealth, & prior leadership experience
    Variation in specific economic interests (see Table 2.1)
    benefit from similar community values
  • 5. 5
  • 6. Government Bond Holders
  • 7. Real Estate & Land Speculators
  • 8. Lenders & Investors
  • 9. Merchants, Manufacturers, & Shippers
  • 10. Planters & Slaveholders
  • 11. Meeting Elite Needs
    Protect property (all)
    Voting rights
    Tax, regulate commerce, & issue currency (most)
    National army (all)
    Limiting state interference in contracts (most)
  • 12. Elite Divisions
    Over Federalism:
    Republicans opposed centralization of power
    Federalists favored a stronger government
    By population:
    Small vs. large states (Senate vs. House)
    Over slavery:
    3/5 Compromise
  • 13. Brain Break!
    If you knew ahead of time you would be stranded on a desert island, which brand of celebrity-chef cooking knives would you take with you as your “survival knife”? Explain. No really, I insist.
  • 14. The Final Document
    Popular sovereignty
    A republican government
    A limited government
    Separation of powers
    A federal system
    Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning
  • 15. 15
  • 16. Separation & Balance
  • 17. 17
  • 18. Are Checks & Balances Necessarily Good?
    The structure of our government & Madison’s justification in Fed. #51 suggest government gridlock may be a good thing? Is it? Discuss.
  • 19. Factions Among Delegates
    Beliefs ranged from the near-monarchism of Hamilton to definite decentralized republicanism.
    Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning
    © Archivo Iconografico, S.A./Corbis
  • 20. Politicking & Compromises
    Be familiar with the competing plans and the compromises
  • 21. Ratification
    The Federalist Papers
    An attempt to persuade the public to support the new form of government
    Variation in support
    Federalists vs. anti-federalists
    BoR as “carrot”
    Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning
  • 22. Ratification of the Constitution
    Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning
  • 23. Unresolved Problems: The Bill of Rights
    No explicit limits on state government powers
    Protections of rights/liberties from state governments not guaranteed!
  • 24. Madison’s Fear of Factions
    Fed. #51: How to weaken factions
    Multiple interests
    Overlapping interests
    Multiple loyalties
    Diversity a good thing
    Protects minority rights
    This suggests too much elite power a bad thing!
  • 25. “In a free government, the security for civil rights must be the same as that for religious rights. It consists in the one case in the multiplicity of interests and the other multiplicity of sects.”
    How does this relate to the Islamic Center controversy in NYC?
    Library of Congress
  • 26. Final Points
    Elite-led democracy not so bad?
    Elite consensus on equality of opportunity, liberty, & property
    Public goods
    Upward mobility possible
    Hamilton: illegitimate birth, poor childhood, immigrant status, & failure to become wealthy
    Yet, highly influential