Elite vs. Pluralist Theory For those that have an example that supports either Elite or Pluralist Theory, write it on a piece of paper with your name and email address. Then, fold the paper over and pass it to the front. 2
Do I have all the Papers? If you turned in a paper with an answer on it, you are free to leave now—I’ll email you class notes for tonight.
Shared Elite Preferences Common education, wealth, & prior leadership experience Variation in specific economic interests (see Table 2.1) benefit from similar community values
Meeting Elite Needs Protect property (all) Voting rights Tax, regulate commerce, & issue currency (most) National army (all) Limiting state interference in contracts (most)
Elite Divisions Over Federalism: Republicans opposed centralization of power Federalists favored a stronger government By population: Small vs. large states (Senate vs. House) Over slavery: 3/5 Compromise 12
Brain Break! If you knew ahead of time you would be stranded on a desert island, which brand of celebrity-chef cooking knives would you take with you as your “survival knife”? Explain. No really, I insist.
Unresolved Problems: The Bill of Rights No explicit limits on state government powers Protections of rights/liberties from state governments not guaranteed! 23
Madison’s Fear of Factions Fed. #51: How to weaken factions Multiple interests Overlapping interests Multiple loyalties Diversity a good thing Protects minority rights This suggests too much elite power a bad thing!
“In a free government, the security for civil rights must be the same as that for religious rights. It consists in the one case in the multiplicity of interests and the other multiplicity of sects.” How does this relate to the Islamic Center controversy in NYC? 25 Library of Congress
Final Points Elite-led democracy not so bad? Elite consensus on equality of opportunity, liberty, & property Public goods Upward mobility possible Hamilton: illegitimate birth, poor childhood, immigrant status, & failure to become wealthy Yet, highly influential