Chapter 5

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Chapter 5

  1. 1. Chapter 5<br />The Tension between Elites & Masses in America<br />
  2. 2. And the winners are…<br />TIE:<br />Groups 2 & 5<br />
  3. 3. Possible Confusion on Mass Access<br />Stockholders?<br />Elections?<br />Think Tanks?<br />Universities?<br />Public Opinion Polls?<br />The Media?<br />
  4. 4. Review: Elite Influence in Policy Making <br />Laws<br />Rules<br />Regulations<br />Funding priorities<br />
  5. 5. Resources & Access<br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7. The Role of Institutions<br />Organizations…<br />formal rules<br />institutional knowledge <br />resources<br />authority<br />stakeholders<br />Shape elites<br />
  8. 8. Expertise<br />Imagine I locked the class in a room for hour to develop a study-guide for the first exam. I required the class to select 3 students to write a document for the entire class. How would you select those 3? Why?<br />
  9. 9. Can the Masses be Trusted?<br />Lack knowledge, values, & interest<br />
  10. 10. Limited political knowledge<br />Awareness is costly…<br />Yet, still form opinions<br />
  11. 11. Anti-democratic values<br />Inconsistent support…<br />Freedom of thought/expression<br />Due process<br />Minority rights<br />
  12. 12. Apathy<br />Decreased trust<br /><ul><li>Reaction to globalization</li></ul>Participation costly<br />+ weakened middle class<br />
  13. 13. Mass Activism<br />Greater involvement can be anti-democratic<br />Crisis…<br />Fear, uncertainty…<br />Scapegoats<br />Violence <br />Counterelites emerge<br />
  14. 14. Elite Influence on “Populist” Movements<br />Elite funding<br />Elite assume leadership (co-opt)<br />
  15. 15. Fear & Democracy<br />Increased fear can lead to less democracy:<br />tolerate reduction in rights/liberties for all<br />And for “out” groups<br />Rise in domestic extremism, militias, & violence<br />Greater tolerance for such activities<br />
  16. 16. NOTE: elites & masses can be undemocratic!<br />
  17. 17. Conclusion<br />responsible elites – irresponsible masses = “good” public policy<br />democratic values + level of information + quality of analysis = “good” public policy<br />

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